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Lake Victoria Climate Change Readiness Brief No.2 (July 2013) by the EA SusWatch Network on how far how regional block - the East African Community (EAC) has moved to implement its Climate Change Poli...
Lake Victoria Climate Change Readiness Brief No.2 (July 2013) by the EA SusWatch Network on how far how regional block - the East African Community (EAC) has moved to implement its Climate Change Policy with respect to water and sanitation akey challenge in the Lake Victoria basin and the region at large.
The Brief provides recommendations to the regional block, the Lake Victoria Basin commission that oversees sustainable development in the Lake Victoria basin, the 5 EAC Partner States (Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania Rwanda and Uganda) and non-state actors, to secure that the impact of climate change on water supply and sanitation is addressed at the appropriate levels
Lake Victoria basin is faced with challenges including land use and land degradation due to pressure induced by the fast growing population; water quality decline and pollution due to eutrophication a...
Lake Victoria basin is faced with challenges including land use and land degradation due to pressure induced by the fast growing population; water quality decline and pollution due to eutrophication arising from atmospheric deposition, nutrient runoff from agricultural areas; receding water levels of Lake Victoria; decline in fish catches due to excessive fishing effort and use of destructive fishing gears, destruction of fish breeding and nursery habitats, among others (EAC/ LVBC, 2009).
This has been further aggravated by the impact of climate change with no resilience in place for the majority (poor communities). The result of this is further environmental degradation, conflicts in use of natural resources, lack of access to clean and safe water for millions of people, poor sanitation and hygiene for many people, food insecurity, inequality, and lack of jobs and sources of income
At the onset I would like to agree with current discussion that the definition of sustainable development (as per the 1987 report from the UN World Commission on Environment and Development) be revisited to come to terms with the current global challenges emphasizing the need to ‘safeguard the Earth’s life-support system, on which the welfare of current and future generations depends’ (David Griggs, 2013)
In this respect, for the Lake Victoria basin, the post 2015 development and the SDGs process need to take note of the intricate relationship between ‘cross cutting’ development issues and environmental management in this region, while reflecting on safeguarding this transboundary resource, taking into account the welfare of current 35 million dependants and future generations. In light of this, I would to suggest five entry points.
This critical analysis by the Women’s Major Group members2 on the High-‐level Panel (HLP) of Eminent Persons report, released on May 30th with recommendations for the Post 2015 Development Agenda3 , notes the report as a starting point for discussion, but not good enough. The Women’s Major Group is concerned about the narrow set of goals and the predominance given to the corporate/business sector in the “new” development agenda. We look to the world's governments to be far more ambitious and focused on addressing the root causes of inequality, injustice and poverty inherent to the existing economic paradigm, as they negotiate the next sustainable development framework in the Open Working Group on SDGs and the Post 2015 Development Agenda.
• Goals setting; too reductive to allow for sustainable development
• A new 15-‐year time-‐frame; delaying essential human rights even further!
• Contradictions; between goals and business-‐as-‐usual economic model
• Human rights -‐ inconsistent application
• Critical analysis of selected specific Goals and Targets and Means of Implementation
o GOAL 1 End Poverty: too narrow in scope, too one-‐dimensional
o GOAL 2: Empower Girls and Women and achieve Gender Equality: some positive targets,
but lacks women’s rights as underpinning the entire development agenda
o GOAL 3: Provide quality education and life-‐long learning: lacks girls’ priorities
o GOAL 4: Ensure Healthy Lives: some positive targets, but fails to address social and
environmental determinants of health
o GOAL 5 Ensure Food Security and Good Nutrition: should recognize women’s role in food
o GOAL 7: Secure Sustainable Energy: utterly insufficient and likely to have negative impact
on female poverty
o GOAL 8: Create Jobs, Sustainable Livelihoods, and Equitable Growth: Fails to call for
global social protection floor and the right to decent work
GOAL 9: Manage Natural Resource Assets Sustainability: too limiting in defining nature as an asset
o GOAL 12: Global Enabling environment and Catalyse Long-‐Term Finance: entirely insufficient on finance, trade and climate protection
Nothing ‘New’ about proposed Global Governance and Global Partnership for Development
No accountability of corporations
Financing for Gender Equality should be a priority – it is not in the HLP report
• Concluding: This report should not be taken as a basis for development of the Post 2015 agenda
Animal health and human health are inextricably connected.
The risk of zoonotic and food-borne disease has grown as farming methods have become more globalized and industrial farming practices – which often have profound negative animal welfare consequences – bring new challenges for disease control. It is clear that real improvements to human health can be achieved through the systematic integration of animal welfare principles into
livestock production systems, disease control measures and disaster preparedness and resilience planning.
The Food and Agriculture Cluster was formed in New York to support messages from Major Groups and Civil Society before, during and following the 2012 UN Conference on Sustainable Development. The Clus...
The Food and Agriculture Cluster was formed in New York to support messages from Major Groups and Civil Society before, during and following the 2012 UN Conference on Sustainable Development. The Cluster continues to coordinate messages for the Post Rio processes and Post 2015 Thematic Consultations on sustainable agriculture, food security and nutrition. As the first thematic discussion of the OWG will be on food security, nutrition, sustainable agriculture, land degradation, desertification, drought and water and sanitation during its third session on 22-24, the Cluster is helping to bring civil society voices into intergovernmental processes in New York at United Nations Headquarters. The Cluster looks forward to working with Member States, the UN System, Major Groups and other stakeholders to ensure that sustainable agriculture and food and nutrition security are prioritized and recognized as critical to achieving sustainable development.
Twelve key priorities for an SDG for food security, nutrition and sustainable agriculture:
Many of the following points were included in the technical support team (TST) briefs. However, as Major Groups and Civil Society stakeholders, there are important issues our delegations wish to call attention to in considering a goal that links food security, nutrition and agriculture to sustainable development.
1. The progressive realization of the right to food - including equity of access to resources and social inclusion - should be at the foundation of a multi-stakeholder informed SDG for food, nutrition, and agriculture.
2. The SDG must recognize and address the current reasons for food insecurity, malnutrition and unsustainable agriculture. The lack of rights, disempowerment, exclusion and exploitation of the world’s smallholder farmers, pastoralists, forest folk and indigenous peoples, the destruction of their land and ecosystems through land grabbing and unsustainable and inequitable industrial agriculture aided by perverse subsidies and policies and wealth creation for the global minority are amongst the main causes of entrenched hunger, malnutrition, obesity and poverty, as well as the systematic destruction of primary ecosystems, anthropogenic driven climate change, and the loss and degradation of soil, land, biodiversity, water and agricultural genetic resources.
3. Improving the livelihoods of smallholders, pastoralists, forest folk, indigenous peoples, women farmers and youth should be at the forefront in SDG development and implementation including by putting them at the center of decision-making processes, strengthening their rights including to control their own seeds, securing their tenure to their land, access to resources and markets and the provision of training based on their knowledge and technology needs and those of their communities and ecosystems. The vast majority of the world's farmers are smallholder farmers. Smallholder farmers cannot be left behind if we want to arrive at an effective set of post-2015 Goals. We must ensure that all smallholder farmers and other rural communities, in particular women and disadvantaged groups, enjoy a decent livelihood and income, and protect their right to access to productive resources and assets from seed to land and markets, everywhere. Worldwide, 70 per cent of food production stems from 525 million small operations, which collectively cover the cultivation of 40 per cent of the planet's arable land. A reduction in hunger and poverty can only be achieved by empowering smallholder farmers including putting them at the center of decision-making processes related to their livelihoods, land and well-being. Women play a major role all along the food chain from the field to the plate. Their knowledge and needs have to be taken into account on all levels of decision-making regarding agriculture, nutrition and food systems. Globally, women account for nearly half – 43 percent – of the world’s farmers, although their contribution to the agricultural labour force can be much higher – more than 60 percent in some countries. The position of women and especially their access to resources in agriculture and food systems must be improved and their rights as workers within the food system must be safeguarded.
4. A transformation of agriculture and food systems is necessary. A transformative agenda should call for systemic and holistic approaches to diverse, nutritious, sustainable and resilient food consumption and production systems. To be transformative in all three pillars, such approaches must empower inclusive, bottom-up initiatives supported through appropriate enabling policies in science, technology and business directed towards the social and ecofunctional intensification of food and agriculture systems. This means a transformation to sustainable, diverse and resilient agriculture and food systems that conserve natural resources and ecosystems, and result in substantial degraded land restoration. Sustainable agriculture and food systems such as organic agriculture and agro-ecology improve food security, eradicate hunger and are economically viable, while conserving land, water, plant and animal genetic resources, biodiversity and ecosystems and enhancing resilience to climate change and natural disasters. The key characteristics of sustainable, diverse, and resilient agriculture and food systems can be common to all future agriculture and food systems, both large and small.
5. Environmentally and socially destructive forms of agriculture development and agricultural practice must be phased out globally. Unsustainable development based on profit-driven global commodity production, such as palm oil, soy based animal feed, sugar, biomass for biofuel, etc., results in questionable enhancement of food security and nutritional value. Instead, these commodity systems often destroy livelihoods, drive obesity and diet related disease, increase inequality, and destroy ecosystems such as forests and savannahs of both local and global importance. These systems must be phased out and countries need resources and policy support to develop and implement sustainable development alternatives. Pesticides and other agricultural practices that are highly toxic to humans and ecosystem functions such as pollination and clean water provision must be phased out globally. Safe alternatives must be developed in the context of Integrated Pest Management and agro-ecology, including the integration of effective organic and agro-ecological practices such as beneficial insectary plants, crop rotations and participatory plant breeding to minimize the use of toxic inputs.
6. Sustainable and humane livestock systems should be included as key to sustainable agriculture and diets. Livestock plays a central role in food security, providing nutrition and essential services such as draft power, employment and income security. Over one billion of the poorest people on the planet depend on their animals as their main source of livelihood and food security. Sustainable livestock production, of which animal welfare is an integral part, is core to achieving socially and environmentally responsible outcomes on the future of food and farming, poverty eradication and sustainable development, especially in developing countries. Sustainable livestock production systems are those that are ecologically sound, economically viable for farmers and consumers, equitable for rural communities and other stakeholders in society and include appropriate animal care.
7. Support the up-scaling and further development of bio-intensification of food systems, including organic agriculture and agro-ecology production and marketing systems and mainstreaming these approaches into local, national, regional and international public and private sector programs, initiatives and services, not only in food systems, but in terms of climate resilience and greening the economy.
8. Strengthening urban rural linkages and local government planning for a holistic and ecosystem-based approach to enhancing city-region food systems, should be recognized as a key element of the transformation agenda.
9. All dimensions of malnutrition have to be addressed in an integrated manner across health, agriculture and social programs in order to gain access to sufficient, healthy and culturally appropriate food and nutrition for all people. Only integrated approaches that address the whole food environment in urban and rural areas will be successful. In this regard, a well-framed SDG can encourage sustainable diets through integrated action that pays special attention to vulnerable populations such as women and youth, the rural and urban poor, and to nutrition during pregnancy and early childhood.
10. Significantly reducing food loss and food waste which accounts for one third of the total food supply is an enormous opportunity to attain the overall goal, while reducing the pressure to further intensify agricultural output with potentially damaging social and environmental consequences. The interrelated goals of ending poverty and hunger while also addressing the sustainability of food systems, malnutrition, waste and access to good sanitation and water demand more engagement and decision making by local and territorial authorities, linking urban and rural.
11. Re-establishing food security for disaster affected people, landscapes and animals is a necessary post-disaster response but also requires pre-disaster risk mitigation through better planning and investments in preparedness. For the world’s poor, these landscapes are the foundation of dietary and economic resilience and safeguarding these food security assets must be an integral part of any effective disaster response and disaster resilience and preparedness planning at local, national and international levels.
12. Progress on the Post-2015 Goals needs to be measured and monitored in a multi-stakeholder and participatory manner including independent bodies with both local and scientific knowledge, competence and capabilities. The implementation of targets and the transformation needs to be informed by global, regional, and national multi-stakeholder assessments on sustainable agriculture and food systems. In the field of food security and sustainable agriculture, the Committee on World Food Security in Rome, in cooperation with relevant UN bodies, and with the full inclusion of civil society and the private sector, should be the global platform for ongoing assessment of national progress towards a new sustainable development goal for food security, nutrition and sustainable agriculture.
In conclusion, to strengthen small food producers’ ability to increase food availability for themselves and the worlds growing population in a stable manner in the context of climate change, a major paradigm shift is required. Instead of being neglected and locked-out of development, the worlds small food producers need to be placed at the center of the global sustainable development agenda. Not only must land grabbing end but so must the exclusion of small food producers from research, training and extension services and appropriate support and safety nets. Public funded extension, training, farmer field schools and farmer friendly research programs must be put in place that not only help lift the worlds poor out of hunger and malnutrition but create an enabling environment for existing and new entrants to food production so that they can flourish in terms of productivity, resilience and profitability. To do this farmer and local community friendly institutions must be enabled such as farmer organizations, cooperatives and partnerships between local producers and consumers so that they can be empowered in decision-making processes such as those over land tenure, market development, fair price setting, loss and damage, training and technology transfer. Appropriate support and empowerment of smallholder farmers and small food producers in general both in rural and urban areas must be seen as the key to simultaneously engaging a growing global population in inclusive sustainable development, effectively tackling hunger and malnutrition and eradicating poverty.
For further information contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
(Statement from the Food and Agriculture Cluster of the NGO Major Group
for the thematic discussion at the third session of the Open Working Group (OWG) on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in New York, 22-24 May, 2013)
In the post-2015 landscape universal food security and zero hunger can be achieved. To do this we must both better govern the balance between plant-based and animal-based foods and distribute food mor...
In the post-2015 landscape universal food security and zero hunger can be achieved. To do this we must both better govern the balance between plant-based and animal-based foods and distribute food more equitably between and within countries. In addition, the drive for more efficient food
production must include recognition that animals are more than a simple commodity, and that high welfare standards in farming enhance overall productivity without the negative side effects delivered by low-welfare intensive livestock production systems.
To achieve this, the United Nations and its Member States must:
• include farm animal welfare in agriculture and food security assessments and policies
• recognise that the industrialisation of livestock farming is a major challenge to food security
• reduce the quantity of arable crops fed to livestock, especially cereals, and seek a sustainable balance between animal andcrop production
• promote sustainable diets and address food losses and wastein the supply chain
• protect food security in times of crisis by including animals in emergency response and recovery planning and policies at a national, regional and operational level
• consider how the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), their targets and indicators can support specific and regionally-sensitive measures to ensure that global food production and consumption is sustainable and incorporates respect for animal welfare principles
The Rio+20 outcome document proposes the elaboration of a set of Sustainable Development Goals that will contribute to sustainably managing the world’s increasing resource use within the context of dw...
The Rio+20 outcome document proposes the elaboration of a set of Sustainable Development Goals that will contribute to sustainably managing the world’s increasing resource use within the context of dwindling resource availability and prioritizes the eradication of poverty and hunger as a matter of urgency. The World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA) believes that the introduction of animal welfare as an integral part of sustainable development is important, as global adherence to animal welfare principles will have significant positive impacts for poverty eradication and economic development, food security, public health, climate change and the preservation of biodiversity.
Over the past decade, Africa has been experiencing tremendous economic dynamism and growth: seven of the world’s ten fastest-growing countries are in Africa; the continent’s economic output has more t...
Over the past decade, Africa has been experiencing tremendous economic dynamism and growth: seven of the world’s ten fastest-growing countries are in Africa; the continent’s economic output has more than tripled; and average economic growth is expected to be 4.8
Transport is a core sector for Africa’s economic development. Growth-inducing, it enables goods to move across regions and within countries. It provides farmers with access to markets and the means to export their products and to fulfill demand in other parts of the continent as well as in Europe and Asia. Transport also enables people to go where jobs and services are.
Choices made today about transport systems and the provision of infrastructure will frame development patterns for the next thirty years and play a defining role in ending poverty. So how transport develops within cities and across the continent is critical for the kind of development that Africa generates and the degree of economic growth it achieves.
The Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP) is mounting a new effort to meet with stakeholders across Africa to discuss the concept of sustainable transport, identify innovative solutions, and position transport in the greater sustainability agenda. The continent has a unique opportunity to create environmentally sustainable transport networks as part of its development strategy. In taking the next step forward, SSATP is planning to host in 2014 an Environmentally Sustainable Transport Forum for Africa (EST-Africa). This will be the first EST Forum in Africa following the EST forums in Asia and Latin America. This first forum will focus on the challenges facing sustainable development of the transport sector so that it can meet long-term development goals.
EST-Africa will provide an opportunity for regional cooperation and the exchange of best practices. The goal is to increase understanding of the benefits of building sustainable, rather than carbon-hungry, transport networks. EST-Africa will help African governments achieve solid economic growth, increase their capacity to develop sustainable transport systems, and build greater climate resilience.
For more information about the 2014 Environmentally Sustainable Transport Forum for Africa, please contact Roger Gorham (email@example.com) or Jean Noel Guillossou (Jguillossou@worldbank.org).
Initiative for Equality and 18 partners in Asia, Africa and Europe conducted Equity and Sustainability Field Hearings in to gather voices from poor communities. We spoke with over 2700 people in 34 co...
Initiative for Equality and 18 partners in Asia, Africa and Europe conducted Equity and Sustainability Field Hearings in to gather voices from poor communities. We spoke with over 2700 people in 34 communities, using a questionnaire asking what they experience, want, and are willing to do regarding the transition towards greater equity and ecological sustainability. In June 2012 we published the preliminary results (see uploaded document). We are now expanding the project, seeking additional partners on every continent.
The preliminary results (summarized in chapter two in the report) are highly relevant to establishing goals for sustainable development. Most poor communities reported worsening inequality, income insecurity, social breakdown, environmental degradation, and corruption. They attributed these to the diversion of resources and development assistance to those with wealth and political connections. All expressed extremely modest and sustainable aspirations, hoping for a future in which their basic food, housing, health care, education, and job security needs could be met. Many were eager to work with partners towards these goals.
Sustainable livestock production, of which animal welfare is an integral part, is an example of a comprehensive approach to development and an effective way of achieving the desired objectives of food...
Sustainable livestock production, of which animal welfare is an integral part, is an example of a comprehensive approach to development and an effective way of achieving the desired objectives of food security, social stability and environmental sustainability as well as promoting job creation and equitable economic growth. Over one billion of the poorest people on the planet depend on their animals as their main source of livelihood and food security. In other words, their animals are their main productive asset and this should be considered by the Open Working Group on the elaboration of the SDGs.