The issue of aid effectiveness has gained prominence in recent years especially with the signing of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness in 2005. The Paris Declaration is an achievement for the ...
The issue of aid effectiveness has gained prominence in recent years especially with the signing of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness in 2005. The Paris Declaration is an achievement for the international donor community and partner governments, committing themselves to key principles of aid reform. However, the aid effectiveness agenda is narrowly focused on aid management and delivery. It is often not understood that aid effectiveness actually addresses issues of reforming relationships in development cooperation and aid which are as old as official development aid itself.
This primer on development and aid effectiveness is primarily to explain the aid effectiveness agenda in the overall context of development issues and concerns such as debt, debt cancellation, and increasing ODA for poverty reduction and achieving the Millennium Development Goals. This intention of this primer is to address the perspectives of and concerns of grassroots and membership-based civil society organizations (CSOs).
Promoting Equality for Sustainable Development
Remarks at the OWG8
Feb. 7, 2014
By Paul Quintos
Good morning to everyone and thank you for inviting us to join this panel and share our perspectives on the question of Equality. For us, equality is one of if not the most central issue that must be tackled by the Post-2015 development agenda.
Tackling inequality is probably the most serious challenge to SD today and more so in the future.
The grossly unequal distribution of wealth, resources and power is the principal reason for the persistence of poverty and human deprivation despite the leaps and bounds in the aggregate growth of material wealth produced in the world. Altogether, around 15 million people die every year largely due to a lack of access to nutritious food, basic healthcare services, or clean water for drinking and sanitation - equivalent to more than 40,000 preventable deaths every single day. This is not due to the lack of available resources or the limits of science and technology. It is a question of distribution and justice.
The wealthiest 20% of the world's population consume 80% of global resources and are responsible for the vast majority of global warming and environmental destruction. The poorest 20% of the population who lack sufficient access to essentials such as food, clean water and energy account for just 1.3% of global resource consumption. The ecological footprint of high-income countries is three times that of middle-income countries, and five times that of low-income countries.
We are heartened that all of our speakers yesterday as well as delegates who spoke from the floor were unanimous in acknowledging the absolute importance of reducing inequalities between rich and impoverished, between men and women, between developed and developing countries. We are particularly supportive of the proposals from the G77 and others regarding universal social protection, progressive taxation, a focus on creating decent work for all, strengthening workers rights, ensuring equitable access, ownership and control over productive assets and natural resources, ending all forms of discrimination and ensuring equal and effective participation of all people in decision-making including and in particular that of people living in extreme poverty.
We would like to add the need to expand the commons including community-based and public or collective forms of ownership and control over the means of production and distribution. We need to progressively ensure that peoples' access to the necessities for a dignified life is not determined by their purchasing power.
On the other hand, we would like to underscore the need to rein in the concentration and accumulation of private wealth and power, particularly corporate power. We need stricter regulatory frameworks for big business especially transnational corporations to ensure that they are fully transparent, respect human rights and are held accountable whenever they violate these rights.
A fairer international system is also urgently needed. The financial system needs to be seriously regulated through taxation of speculative flows, clamping down on tax havens, preventing tax competition, cancelling unsustainable debt burdens; and making finance serve sustainable development rather than maximizing profits. The WTO, trade agreements and investment treaties should be circumscribed by human rights norms and principles rather than the other way around.
The establishment and governance of a fairer international economic order should be coordinated by a reformed, democratic and more effective UN system. The UN can start by fully disclosing all contributions coming from the private sector and the terms and conditions of its partnerships.
We agree with the proposal to have a stand-alone global goal for reducing inequality in every country in order to raise its visibility and focus efforts in addressing it.
At the same time we should incorporate equality targets across other goals and require disaggregated data in measuring progress towards meeting these goals and targets, particularly for the lowest quintile of the population.
The business sector, led by corporations, has an increasingly prominent role in
international development. Although rapidly increasing in recent years, this role has its
origins in the same neoliberal ideology that launched what has become today’s mantra
of “good governance”.
However, while the “good governance” promoted by Bretton Woods institutions
valorises the centrality of business in development and the rolling back of the state, its
policy prescriptions do not include an enforceable system for holding corporations to
account or a framework that acknowledges the impact of corporate activities on people
– who are, due to such impacts, stakeholders in corporations.
IBON International believes the creation of a system that upholds the wider interests of
stakeholders above the narrow interests of shareholders and enforces corporate
accountability in line with international human rights standards and codes of best
practice. This must underpin any governance objective agreed under the Post-2015
"The prevailing model of economic growth is based on the unlimited pursuit of profit and accumulation of capital. This economic model has led to excessive environmental degradation and stark inequalit...
"The prevailing model of economic growth is based on the unlimited pursuit of profit and accumulation of capital. This economic model has led to excessive environmental degradation and stark inequality.
"The wealthiest 20 percent of humankind enjoy more than 80 percent of total world income while the bottom 20 percent share only 1 percent. The most dramatic demonstration of the effect of unsustainable production is the increase of carbon dioxide emissions in the atmosphere – now 20 times greater than in the 1800s which is driving current climate change. Despite sustained economic growth, the ‘trickle down’ effect remains elusive and the majority remains in poverty. At the same time, excessive consumption is driving the unsustainable depletion of natural resources and destruction of ecosystems."
This paper argues for new principles to guide sustainable development
This paper is IBON International's response to the Consultation on Development-Led Globalization. It is a critique of the dominant neoliberal development paradigm that informs and directs current poli...
This paper is IBON International's response to the Consultation on Development-Led Globalization. It is a critique of the dominant neoliberal development paradigm that informs and directs current policies and rules in the global economy. The paper argues that neoliberal globalization has further exacerbated inequalities, poverty and ecological catastrophes in the world today, but particularly in the developing countries. IBON International stresses that it is critical, now more than ever, to revisit our current understanding of economic growth and development. The paper calls for a building of a new international economic architecture based on the principles of equality, justice, sustainability and human rights.
THE IBON PRIMER ON FOOD SOVEREIGNTY AND THE FOOD CRISIS reaffirms what people's and peasants' movements and food policy activists all over the world have long insisted: that global hunger has not been...
THE IBON PRIMER ON FOOD SOVEREIGNTY AND THE FOOD CRISIS reaffirms what people's and peasants' movements and food policy activists all over the world have long insisted: that global hunger has not been solved by tremendous gains in food production because it is rooted in systemic poverty generated by social inequities.
A growing number of grassroots organizations have banded together in recent decades to to shape an alternative human rights-based framework for agriculture and food policy, as they engage in issues ranging from landlessness to neoliberal globalization, from the pitfalls of industrial agriculture to the effects of climate change.
Food sovereignty is the power of people and communities to assert and realize the right to food and to produce food. It is the power of people and communities fighting the power of corporations and other forces that destroy the people's food production systems and deny them food and life. The primer asserts that nation-states must exercise food sovereignty to protect, promote and develop the people's food sovereignty, from which it draws power.
Principles and proposals relating to food sovereignty are then expounded, to show that indeed there are practical and viable ways out of global hunger and poverty. The primer ends with a call for peoples and communities in all countries to assert their rights to food, food production and access to productive resources at the community, national and international levels. #
This paper details IBON International's vision and platform towards achieving food and nutrition security and eliminating hunger and deprivation for post-2015. The dominant
neoliberal policy regime reduces development to growth in production and
consumption of material goods, and grants rights and liberties to capital over the rights and freedoms of people and the protection of the environment. This has led
to greater hunger, inequality, landlessness, unemployment, precarious employment
conditions, indebtedness, loss of incomes and social protections, deprivation of
basic services, dispossession of communities, forced migration, resource depletion,
environmental degradation, and the climate crisis.
True food and nutrition security can thus only be achieved through the total overhal of the current neoliberal development pathway.
Achieving sustainable development entails a global transition—away from prevailing inequitable and ecologically destabilizing patterns of development, to modes of development based on shared prosperit...
Achieving sustainable development entails a global transition—away from prevailing inequitable and ecologically destabilizing patterns of development, to modes of development based on shared prosperity and environmental protection. Global governance plays a crucial role in this shift.
This policy brief from IBON International argues that the general thrust of reforming sustainable development governance should be towards greater democratization and strengthening people’s rights. A reformed institutional framework for sustainable development (IFSD) following a rights-based approach should help:
Redefine the goal of governance
Address power imbalances
Address social and economic inequities
Bridge implementation and accountability gaps
Enhance policy integration and coherence
Due to rapid globalization over the past decades, decisions about economic, social and environmental standards and baseline agreements have been set at international forums and have increasingly affec...
Due to rapid globalization over the past decades, decisions about economic, social and environmental standards and baseline agreements have been set at international forums and have increasingly affected the policy space of countries, often delimiting their scope to determine their path to development.
This mounting influence of global governance structures has not been matched by a democratization of these structures. The global governance system, despite being a major proponent of “good governance”, is hindered by a critical democratic deficit—in which the wealthiest countries dictate the global governance agenda in the absence of transparency, accountability, and inequity in participation by developing countries.
As the MDGs target date of 2015 is fast approaching, the global development agenda—and the governance structures that will give it shape—are being subjected to renewed debate, examination and reconsideration. Thus the crucial question of democratizing the processes and structures of global governance has increasingly defined current policy debates. IBON International offers this policy brief as its contribution to that discourse. #
This paper presents a wide range of policy proposals to tackle inequalities in all domains, which serve as structural barriers in achieving development goals premised on human rights, social justice, ...
This paper presents a wide range of policy proposals to tackle inequalities in all domains, which serve as structural barriers in achieving development goals premised on human rights, social justice, and sustainability.
The policy brief represents IBON’s continuing engagement in the growing discourse on addressing inequalities. It particularly responds to the recently released Synthesis Report on the Global Thematic Consultation on Inequalities prepared by UNICEF and UN Women in cooperation with the Governments of Ghana and Denmark as part of the UN’s post-2015 preparatory process.
The Global Thematic Consultation, which aims to address the issue of persisting inequalities as a central arena in formulating possible post-2015 frameworks and goals, gathered and synthesized inputs by countries, UN bodies, civil society actors and other stakeholders. IBON International has raised its own concerns in the form of a formal submission to an earlier draft Report, and is presenting this policy brief as a follow-up response to the final Report issued on February 8.
IBON International is also involved in a Campaign for People’s Goals (CPG), a network of grassroots organisations, labour unions, social movements, non-governmental organisations and other institutions that aims to forge new pathways to the future by challenging governments and the multilateral system to commit to real reforms that address the demands of the poor and marginalized, by campaigning for ten major thematic concerns. People’s Goal #2, in particular, addresses the central questions relating to poverty and inequality.
The participating organisations of the CPG, while pursuing an autonomous civil society campaign grounded in grassroots struggles, are also engaged in the official processes related to the post-MDG and the Rio+20 SDG agenda.