Model governance practices for integrating civil society in UN institutional frameworks for sustainable development (IFSD)
The Major Group system for integration of civil society into intergovernmental processes began with Agenda 21 at the 1992 UNCED conference. Major Groups have become institutionalized in the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) over the 20 years since 1992. In the Rio+20 debate and negotiations, Major Groups were active and recognized by member states as vital to the post Rio and post 2015 sustainable development agenda. In most scenarios for the future institutional framework for sustainable development in the, the Major Group system is expected to continue in some form. Despite the institutionalization of Major Groups, there are still limitations on Civil Society participation, including a lack of authorized ongoing engagement with both the Bureau of member states, the UN Secretariat and with high level panels and roundtables which guide and frame negotiations and policy decisions of member states.
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