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Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration .:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform

Information
  • Location: Niger
  • Sectors:
  • By: Niger
  • Type: National
  • Source: World Resources Institute (2011) A Compilation of Green Economy Policies, Programs, and Initiatives from Around the World. The Green Economy in Practice: Interactive Workshop 1, February 11th, 2011
  • Year: 1982
Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration
Beginning in the 1980s, a new method of reforestation, Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR), became an increasingly popular solution to the rapid deforestation problem.




During the 1950s and 1960s, rapid deforestation of land in Niger for agricultural purposes resulted in severe desertification. Conventional tree planting to combat desertification had only limited success. Beginning in the 1980s, a new method of reforestation, FMNR, became an increasingly popular solution to the problem. FMNR is based on the regeneration of native trees and shrubs from mature root systems of previously cleared desert shrubs and trees. Regeneration techniques are used in agricultural cropland and to manage trees as part of a farm enterprise. FMNR in the savannas of southern Niger adapts centuries-old methods of woodland management to produce continuous harvests of trees for fuel, building materials, and food and fodder without the need for frequent, costly replanting. Trees are trimmed and pruned to maximize harvests while promoting optimal growing conditions (such as access to water and sunlight).



Government decentralization policies supporting land tenure and tree growth reforms. Nonprofit organizations, donor governments, and international aid agencies encouraged and assisted farmers in adopting low-cost techniques for managing the natural regeneration of trees and shrubs.



The benefits of the project are as follows:




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