Description/achievement of initiative
The Icelandic National Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities aims to evaluate the threat posed by different types of marine pollution.
Source: Ministry for the Environment, Iceland
"The Icelandic National Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities is in form and scope based on a Global Programme of Action approved by 114 states in Washington in 1995. The structure of the NPA and its approach to the issue follows that of the GPA.
The NPA aims to evaluate the threat posed by different types of marine pollution. In general, overview and knowledge could be significantly improved regarding persistent organic pollutants, heavy metals, sediment mobilisation and sediment contamination, physical alterations and destruction of habitats, and handling and monitoring of harmful substances. Information about nutrients and oils is also somewhat lacking, but knowledge about sewage, radioactive substances and litter is considerably better. The different state of knowledge about individual aspects in this report has inevitably effects on the proposed task list and the approach of the NPA. After an evaluation on specific aspects of the problem, they are prioritised according to Icelandic conditions, which are not necessarily identical to the evaluation in the GPA."