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Challenges in mobilizing means of implementation at the national level (Financing - Technology - Capacity building)
The session will discuss main challenges in mobilizing means of implementation at the national level for sustainable development. It will focus on the areas highlighted in the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development and in the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, which is an integral part of the 2030 Agenda, related to financing for development, science, technology and innovation (STI) and capacity building.

The role of finance is crucial to support the achievement of the SDGs. The 2030 Agenda reiterates the primary responsibility of each country for its own economic and social development, and emphasizes that cohesive national strategies, supported by integrated national financing frameworks, will be essential for implementing the 2030 Agenda and ensuring that no one is left behind. The Agenda also emphasizes that national development efforts need to be supported by an enabling international economic environment that harness international private business and finance, development cooperation, and trade as engines for development. The session will discuss key challenges for domestic resource mobilization and how these can be addressed within the framework of a revitalized Global Partnership for Sustainable Development.

Technology facilitation, science and capacity-building are also critical means of implementation of the 2030 Agenda. In that context, the Agenda launched the Technology Facilitation Mechanisms to support the achievement of the SDGs. The Mechanism includes a collaborative Multistakeholder Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation for the SDGs. During the session, a co-chair of the 2016 STI Forum and a representative of the 10 Member Group in support of the Technology Facilitation Mechanism will report on the outcomes of Forum, which was held in New York on 6 and 7 June 2016 and addressed the topic "Realizing the potential of science, technology and innovation for all to achieve the sustainable development goals."

Through sharing of experiences and lessons learned, the session will try to identify key strategies to overcome the perceived challenges. This topic will be presented through a panel discussion. The session will also highlight main capacity building interventions in STI for sustainable development that can be applied at national level.

Possible questions for discussion:
  1. What are the main challenges for domestic resource mobilization for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda? How these challenges can be addressed within the framework of a revitalized Global Partnership for Sustainable Development?
  2. How can the main outcomes of the multi-stakeholder Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation for the SDGs meeting advance the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs? What are the implications that can be applied for actions taken in the field?
  3. How can the capacity building interventions in technology for development be applied at national level to ensure no one left behind?

Chair:
  • H.E. Mr. Hector Alejandro Palma Cerna, Deputy-Permanent Representative of Honduras to the UN and Vice President of ECOSOC

Presentation of the Co-Chairs’ summary of the STI Forum:
  • H.E. Mr. Macharia Kamau, Co-Chair, STI Forum

Moderator:
  • Mr. Manuel Montes, Senior Advisor of Finance and Development at the South Centre

Panellists:
  • Mr. Paulo Gadelha, President of Fundação Oswaldo Cruz and member of the 10-Member Group to support the Technology Facilitation Mechanism
  • Mr. Felipe Castro, Technical Secretary for the Inter-Institutional Commission for the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda, Colombia

Lead discussants:
  • H.E. Mr. Mawussi Djossou Semondji, Expert Minister to the Presidency of Togo
  • Mr. Paul Gulleik Larsen, Project Manager in the UN Section at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Norway
  • Mr. Sun Chengyong, Counsellor at the Department of Science and Technology for Social Development, Ministry of Science and Technology of China
  • Mr. David O’Connor, Representative to the UN, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Biographies (alphabetical order)
H.E. Mr. Macharia Kamau
Co-Facilitator of the negotiations on the post-2015 development agenda and Permanent Representative of Kenya to the United Nations
H.E. Mr. Macharia Kamau

Co-Facilitator of the negotiations on the post-2015 development agenda and Permanent Representative of Kenya to the United Nations

Macharia Kamau is the Ambassador and Permanent Representative of the Kenyan Mission to the United Nations. Along with the Irish Ambassador to the United Nations, Mr. Kamau is the cofacilitator for the intergovernmental negotiations on the post-2015 development agenda and was the co-chair of the UN Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Mr. David O’Connor
Representative to the UN, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Mr. David O’Connor

Representative to the UN, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

Mr. David O’Connor is Representative to the UN of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Prior to that, Mr. O'Connor was the Chief of the Policy and Analysis Branch of the Division for Sustainable Development at the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, position in which he led the substantive support to the negotiation of the Rio+20 outcome document, The Future We Want, and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development adopted by world leaders in September 2015. O'Connor was centrally engaged in supporting the Rio+20 processes to define sustainable development goals (SDGs), to develop a financing strategy for sustainable development and to explore options for a technology facilitation mechanism to encourage international cooperation in development and transfer of clean and environmentally sound technologies. He managed the teams which produced the first two editions of the Global Sustainable Development Report mandated by the Rio+20 Conference as a tool to strengthen the science-policy interface at the High-Level Political Forum on sustainable development. Before joining the UN, Mr. O’Connor was Senior Economist at the OECD Development Centre, researching the many areas of sustainable development. He has also published extensively on climate policies and their co-benefits in developing countries.

Mr. Manuel Montes
Senior Advisor on Finance and Development, South Centre
Mr. Manuel Montes

Senior Advisor on Finance and Development, South Centre

Manuel F. Montes is chief of Policy Analysis and Development Branch at Financing for Development Office of UNDESA. Immediately before this, he was Regional Programme Coordinator, Asia Pacific Trade and Investment Initiative, UNDP Regional Centre in Colombo, Sri Lanka, an initiative that seeks to assist developing countries in Asia Pacific incorporate poverty reduction objectives in their trade policies and negotiations. His previous posts were: programme officer for international economic policy at the Ford Foundation in New York, 1999-2005; senior fellow and coordinator for economics studies at the East-West Centre in Honolulu, 1989-1999; and associate professor of economics at the University of The Philippines, 1981-1989. He has been a visiting scholar at the Institute for Developing Economies in Tokyo, at the United Nations University/World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU/IWDER) in Helsinki and at the Institute for Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS). Mr. Montes holds a PhD in Economics from Stanford University. He held the Central Bank Money and Banking chair at the University of the Philippines from 1984 to 1991.

Mr. Paulo Gadelha
Dr. Paulo Gadelha, Senior Advisor, FIOCRUZ, Brazil (and TFM 10-Member Group)
Mr. Paulo Gadelha

Dr. Paulo Gadelha, Senior Advisor, FIOCRUZ, Brazil (and TFM 10-Member Group)

Dr. Paulo Gadelha is a MD and PhD in public health. He has worked on technology application in public health, health care models and history of science and technology, from both a research and a policy perspective. He participated in the UNDP Commission of Biodiversity, Ecosystems, Finance and Development. Dr. Gadelha is the President of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) in Brazil which is a renowned scientific and research institution for biomedical sciences responsible for generating and disseminating scientific and technological knowledge, e.g. for the development and production of vaccines, drugs, reagents, and diagnostic kits, as well as promoting health and social development in general. He created Casa de Oswaldo Cruz (COC), dedicated to sociology and history of science and health and served for several years as a member of the Intersectorial Commission on Science and Technology of the National Health Council. As the President of the Brazilian Association of Collective Health (ABRASCO) from 2005-2006, he chaired the 11th World Congress of Public Health. He represented Fiocruz in the creation of the Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative (DNDi).

Statements
Statements
H.E. Mr. Macharia Kamau, Co-Chair, STI Forum
H.E. Mr. Mawussi Djossou Semondji, Expert Minister to the Presidency of Togo
Mr. Paulo Gadelha, President of Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Mr. Sun Chengyong, Ministry of Science and Technology of China