Advancing science, technology and innovation for SDGs
An objective of the session is to explore policies and actions for advancing the science, technology and innovation for achieving the SDGs, as envisaged in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Agenda launched a UN Technology Facilitation Mechanism (TFM), which comprises a United Nations Interagency Task Team on Science, Technology and Innovation for the SDGs (IATT), a collaborative Multi-stakeholder Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation for the SDGs (STI Forum), and an online platform as a gateway for information on existing STI initiatives, mechanisms and programs. The TFM now facilitates multi-stakeholder collaboration and partnerships through the sharing of information, experiences, best practices and policy advice among Member States, civil society, the private sector, the scientific community, UN entities and other stakeholders. The co-Chairs of the STI Forum will present the mandated Summary of the "Multi-stakeholder Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation for the SDGs", the theme of which in 2018 was “Science, Technology and Innovation forsustainable and resilient societies – Focus on SDGs 6, 7, 11, 12 and 15”. The TFM 10-Member Group of high-level representatives will further engage in the discussions.

Proposed guiding questions:

  • How can the science-policy interface be most effectively strengthened during the implementation of the SDGs? How can the UN and partners increase engagement in the 2030 Agenda from science communities, funders, academia and private sector?
  • What opportunities arise from working on interactions among SDGs and among their targets? How will science-based policy making and innovative technology solutions help to enhance the cobenefits and mitigate the tradeoffs among individual goals and targets?
  • What evidence-based economic and finance tools are available to advance the scientific and technological transformations toward sustainable development? What are the obstacles to Annotated Programme as of 3 July 2018 8 adopting them? How can they be directed towards addressing inequities between countries; and across genders and population groups?
  • How can the UN and partners encourage a frank and transparent consideration of the challenges associated with the impact of rapid technological change on the achievement of the SDGs? How can stakeholders help ensure that these technologies are rolled out so as to safeguard equity and ensure that no one is left behind?
  • How can we mobilize science, technology and innovation to improve the lives of the furthest behind?

Chair:

  • H. E. Ms. Inga Rhonda King, Vice-President of ECOSOC

Presentations:

  • H.E. Mr. Toshiya Hoshino, Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative of Japan to the UN, Co-Chair of the Multi-stakeholder Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) for the Sustainable Development Goals
  • H.E. Mr. Juan Sandoval Mendiolea, Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative of Mexico to the UN, Co-Chair of the Multi-stakeholder Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) for the Sustainable Development Goals

Moderator:

  • Ms. Norma Munguía Aldaraca, Director General for Global Issues at the Foreign Affairs Ministry of Mexico

Panellists:

  • Ms. Endah Murniningtyas, co-chair of the group of scientists for the Global Sustainable Development Report, Indonesia
  • Mr. Carsten Fink, Chief Economist, World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
  • Mr. Nebojsa Nakicenovic, IIASA Deputy Director General and Deputy Chief Executive Officer and Professor Emeritus, Vienna University of Technology, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) (Science and Technology Major Group)

Lead discussants:

  • Mr. Ernest Foli, Forestry Research Institute of Ghana

Followed by interactive discussion

Biographies
H.E. Mr. Juan Sandoval Mendiolea
Co-Chair (Mexico), Multi-stakeholder Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) for the Sustainable Development Goals
H.E. Mr. Juan Sandoval Mendiolea

Co-Chair (Mexico), Multi-stakeholder Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) for the Sustainable Development Goals

Ambassador Juan Sandoval-Mendiolea has been Deputy Permanent Representative of Mexico to the United Nations since February 2015. He was appointed co/chair of the Science Technology and Innovation Forum by the President of ECOIOC in December 2017. He will co-chair with Japan for the 2018 -last May- and for the 2019 sessions. Prior to this assignment, he served as Director General for United Nations Affairs. In this capacity, he was promoted to the rank of Ambassador of Mexico in October 2014.

Ambassador Sandoval served as Legal and Human Rights Counselor at the Mexican Embassy in France, and as Deputy and Interim Permanent Representative to the Organization of American States (OAS) from 2001 until 2006, where he oversaw legal issues and hemispheric security, including drug enforcement, transnational organized crime, terrorism and corruption. In the Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs, he has also been Deputy Director General of the Directorate for Inter-American Regional Organisms and Mechanisms (2006-2007), and during this time he also served as Deputy National Organizer of Summits. He was Director of Cabinet of the Under-Secretary of Multilateral Affairs and Human Rights from 2007 until 2013. He led the process for Mexico’s admission to the Wassenaar Arrangement, the Australia Group and the Nuclear Supplier's Group.

H.E. Mr. Miguel Ruiz Cabañas
Deputy Minister of Multilateral Affairs and Human Rights of Mexico
H.E. Mr. Miguel Ruiz Cabañas

Deputy Minister of Multilateral Affairs and Human Rights of Mexico

H.E. Miguel Ruiz Cabañas is a career diplomat. He entered the Mexican Foreign Service in January 1979 and became Ambassador in June 1998. He was appointed Undersecretary of Multilateral Affairs and Human Rights of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mexico on September, 15th, 2015.

In his current position he has been a fervent advocate of the discussion of the impact of rapid technological change in multilateral fora. Under his lead, Mexico presented the resolution “Impact of rapid technological change on the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals”, adopted by consensus during the 72nd General Assembly.

Furthermore, the Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs has hosted two expert Group Meetings about the implications of automation and artificial intelligence in the SDGs. Its recommendations contributed to the findings, mandated by Resolution 72/242, to be presented at the STI Forum.

H.E. Mr. Toshiya Hoshino
Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative of Japan to the UN, Co-Chair of the Multi-stakeholder Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) for the Sustainable Development Goals
H.E. Mr. Toshiya Hoshino

Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative of Japan to the UN, Co-Chair of the Multi-stakeholder Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) for the Sustainable Development Goals

His Excellency Dr. Toshiya Hoshino is presently Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative of Japan to the United Nations in New York. Previous to his current position, Ambassador Hoshino was on the faculty at the Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan, serving as Dean from 2011 to 2014, before being appointed Vice-President for Global Engagement of the University from 2014 to 2016.

From August 2006 to August 2008, he served as a Minister-Counselor in charge of political affairs at the Permanent Mission of Japan to the United Nations. He was then a principal advisor to the Chair of the UN Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) when Japan assumed its chairmanship. He graduated from Sophia University, Japan, completed a Master’s at the University of Tokyo, and received his PhD from Osaka University.

His previous positions have included, among others: Senior Research Fellow at the Japan Institute of International Affairs; Guest Scholar at the School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University; Visiting Fellow, Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University; Adjunct Professor at Inner Mongolia University in China and Kyung Hee University in Korea as well as Special Assistant (Political Affairs) at the Embassy of Japan to the United States. He is a specialist in UN multilateral diplomacy with particular emphasis on human security perspective.

Mr. Carsten Fink
Chief Economist, World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
Mr. Carsten Fink

Chief Economist, World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

Carsten Fink is the Chief Economist of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) based in Geneva. Before joining WIPO, he was Professor of International Economics at the University of St.Gallen. He also held the positions of Visiting Professor at the Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques (Sciences Po) in Paris and Visiting Senior Fellow at the Group d’Économie Mondiale, a research institute at Sciences Po. Prior to his academic appointments, Mr. Fink worked for more than 10 years at the World Bank. Among other positions, he was a Senior Economist in the International Trade Team of the World Bank Institute, working out of the World Bank’s office in Geneva and an Economist in the Trade Division of the World Bank’s research department, based in Washington, DC. Mr. Fink’s research work has been published in academic journals and books. He holds a doctorate degree in economics from the University of Heidelberg in Germany and a Master of Science degree in economics from the University of Oregon in the United States.

Mr. Nebojsa Nakicenovic
Deputy Director of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
Mr. Nebojsa Nakicenovic

Deputy Director of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Prof. Dr. Nebojsa Nakicenovic is Deputy Director General and Deputy Chief Executive Officer of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), and former Professor of Energy Economics at the Vienna University of Technology in Austria. He is a world renowned energy economist and computer scientist with degrees from Princeton University and the University of Vienna, as well as a Honoris Causa Doctorate in engineering from the Russian Academy of Sciences. He has authored more than 300 publications and is Editorial Board Member of several scientific journals. He is one of the leading experts on technology change and future scenarios, especially with regard to infrastructures, energy and environmental technologies, and climate change. Prof. Nakicenovic has held many science-policy and advisory positions, including as member of the Advisory Council of the German Government on Global Change (WBGU); the International Council for Science (ICSU) Committee on Scientific Planning and Review, and Co-Chair of the Global Carbon Project; United Nations Secretary General High-Level Technical Group on Sustainable for Energy for All Initiative; Board, Climate Change Centre Austria (CCCA); Working Group of the Austrian Panel on Climate Change (AG-APCC); Panel on Socioeconomic Scenarios for Climate Change Impact and Response Assessments; Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21) Steering Committee; International Advisory Board of the Helmholtz Programme on Technology, and the Earth League. Prof. Nakicenovic has been engaged in the work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in various roles over the past 25 years. In particular, he was Convening Lead Author of the IPCC Special Report on Emissions Scenarios, the Third Assessment Report, and the Fourth Assessment Report. He was director of the Global Energy Assessment (GEA); Coordinating Lead Author of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment; director of Global Energy Perspectives, World Energy Council, 1993 to 1998, Convening Lead Author of the World Energy Assessment: Energy and the Challenge of Sustainability, 1999 to 2000, Member of the International Science Panel on Renewable Energies (ISPRE), 2006 to 2008, and Guest Professor at the Technical University of Graz, 1993–2003. He also served as member of the UN Secretary General Advisory Group on Energy and Climate Change.

Mr. Vaughan Turekian
Senior Director at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Mr. Vaughan Turekian

Senior Director at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Dr. Turekian is the Science and Technology Adviser to the US Secretary of State. He advises the Secretary of State and the Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment on international environment, science, technology, and health matters affecting the foreign policy of the United States. Prior to that, Dr. Turekian was Chief International Officer for the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and Director of AAAS’s Center for Science Diplomacy (2006 – 2015), Special Assistant and Adviser to the Under Secretary for Global Affairs of the State Department (2002 – 2006) on issues related to sustainable development, climate change, environment, energy, science, technology, and health, and Program Director for the Committee on Global Change Research at the National Academy of Sciences (2000 – 2002) where he was study director for a White House report on climate change science. Dr. Turekian holds a Bachelor of Science in Geology and Earth Science from Yale University (1993) and a Doctor of Philosophy from the University of Virginia (2000).

Ms. Endah Murniningtyas
Indonesia, co-chair of the group of scientists for the Global Sustainable Development Report
Ms. Endah Murniningtyas

Indonesia, co-chair of the group of scientists for the Global Sustainable Development Report

Statements
Statements
Japan
Philippines
Presentations
Mr. Carsten Fink, Chief Economist, World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
Mr. Nebojsa Nakicenovic, IIASA Deputy Director General and Deputy Chief Executive Officer and Professor Emeritus, Vienna University of Technology, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) (Science and Technology Major Group)
United Nations