Thematic Review: Perspectives of Least Developed Countries and Landlocked Developoing Countries
Wednesday, 10 July 2019
11:00 AM - 1:00 PM
Conference Room 4, UNHQ

Official meeting

Documentation

This thematic review session will evaluate progress and challenges in empowering people and ensuring inclusiveness and equality in the world’s least developed countries (LDCs) and landlocked developing countries (LLDCs). Those remain among the most vulnerable countries in the world and include some of the world’s most vulnerable populations at risk of being left behind.

Numerous LDCs and LLDCs are in conflict or post-conflict situations. Many people in LDCs and LLDCs are disempowered by poverty and the lack of access to basic services. Theydo not benefit from economic growth. Many governments lack the resources and capacity to empower and mobilize them, due to both domestic limitations and international factors. High annual population growth rates in LDCs present challenges for enrolment in higher education, and in training a skilled workforce. Climate change and the risks associated to it have put additional pressures on households and government resources in LDCs and LLDCs.

Empowering LDCs and LLDCs is important for the international community in the collective effort to achieve the SDGs.

The per capita income of LDCs remains equivalent to two per cent of the per capita income of OECD members. Measures in place to support these countries are often insufficient: few donor countries fulfil the commitment of dedicating 0.15 to 0.2 per cent of their official development assistance (ODA) to developing countries. More must be done to address the persistent gaps and inequalities that are holding back those countries, and to reach those who are furthest behind.

Both groups of countries are often marginalized in global decision-making processes and are unable to fully benefit from economic globalization. Many LDCs are also LLDCs. This adds to their challenges the specific trade and development challenges faced by LLDCs arising from the lack of territorial access to the sea and geographical remoteness from international markets.

The fifth UN Conference on LDCs, in 2021, will review the implementation of the Istanbul Programme of Action for LDCs. The Mid Term review of the implementation of the Vienna Programme of Action for Land Locked Developing Countries will take place on 5 and 6 December 2019.

This session will have a roundtable format.

Background note is available here

Proposed guiding questions:

  • What are the greatest challenges to inclusiveness and equality in LDCs and how can they be addressed?

  • What needs to change in international rules and institutions to effectively support LDCs and LLDCs and achieve greater levels of inclusion and equality?

Chair:

  • H. E. Ms. Mona Juul, Vice President of ECOSOC

Moderator:

  • Ms. Hope Muli, Regional Project Manager, Opening Contracting, Hivos

Resource persons:

  • Mr. Jerry Tardieu, Congressman, Petion-Ville, Haiti

  • Mr. Saad Alfarargi, UN Special Rapporteur on the right to development

  • Ms. Fekitamoeloa Katoa ‘Utoikamanu, UN High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States

  • Mr. Ricardo Fuentes-Nieva, Oxfam (Executive Director of Oxfam Mexico)

Lead discussants:

  • H.E. Ms. Doma Tshering, Permanent Representative of Bhutan to the UN, and co-facilitator of political declaration of the midterm review of the implementation of the Vienna Programme of Action (VPoA) for LLDCs

  • Mr. Richard Ssewakiryanga, Co-Chair for the CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness, and immediate past Presiding Officer of the African Union – Economic and Social Cultural Council (MGoS)

Followed by interactive discussion

Biographies
H.E. Ms. Doma Tshering
Permanent Representative of Bhutan to the UN, and co-facilitator of political declaration of the midterm review of the implementation of the Vienna Programme of Action (VPoA) for LLDCs
H.E. Ms. Doma Tshering

Permanent Representative of Bhutan to the UN, and co-facilitator of political declaration of the midterm review of the implementation of the Vienna Programme of Action (VPoA) for LLDCs

H.E. MS. DOMA TSHERING AMBASSADOR AND PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF BHUTAN TO THE UNITED NATIONS

Since presenting credentials to the Secretary General of the United Nations on 13th September 2017, Ms. Tshering serves as Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of Bhutan to the United Nations in New York. She is concurrently accredited as Bhutan’s Ambassador to Canada, and to Brazil. During her career spanning over 25 years in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, she has served in various posts at the Ministry and at Bhutan’s diplomatic missions in New York and Geneva. She has served as Director of the Multilateral Department, Chief of the Policy Planning Division, and Deputy Permanent Representative at the Permanent Mission of Bhutan to the United Nations in Geneva, among other roles. She has represented the Royal Government at a number of UN and other intergovernmental fora on matters related to climate change, sustainable development, least developed and land locked developing states, human rights, humanitarian issues, international peace and security. Ms. Tshering holds a bachelor’s degree from Macalester College in St. Paul, Minnesota. She obtained her post-graduate degree from the Ecole Nationale d’Administration in Paris. She was born in 1968.

H.E. Ms. Mona Juul
Vice President of ECOSOC
H.E. Ms. Mona Juul

Vice President of ECOSOC

The new Permanent Representative of Norway to the United Nations, Mona Juul, presented her credentials to UN Secretary-General António Guterres today.

Before her latest appointment, Ms. Juul was Ambassador to the United Kingdom beginning in September 2014. She was previously Director General of the Department for Security Policy and the High North in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 2011 to 2014, Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York from 2005 to 2010, and Ambassador to Israel from 2001 to 2004 when she was concurrently accredited to Cyprus.

A career diplomat since 1986, Ms. Juul was Executive Officer in the Cabinet of the Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1992 to 1993, and a member of the small Norwegian team that facilitated secret negotiations between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization that led to the 1993 Oslo Accords. As Minister Counsellor in the Embassy of Norway in Tel Aviv from 1994 to 1997, she worked with both sides on the follow-up to the implementation of the Oslo Accords, and from 1997 to 2000, she was Special Advisor, Ambassador and Middle East Coordinator in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, chairing the Ad Hoc Liaison Committee on Assistance to the Palestinians.

Ms. Juul holds a master’s degree in political science from the University of Oslo.

She was born on 10 April 1959.

Mr. Jerry Tardieu
Congressman, Petion-Ville, Haiti
Mr. Jerry Tardieu

Congressman, Petion-Ville, Haiti

Jerry Tardieu is currently a congressman representing the district of Petion-Ville, Haiti. He is currently the Chairman of a Legislative Special Commission in charge of proposing constitutional reforms to Haiti’s lower Chamber. Before getting elected, Jerry Tardieu was a dynamic entrepreneur profoundly involved in Haiti’s economic, social, academic and political life.

In his two years in parliament, Congressman Tardieu already submitted three important bills. One introducing leasing as a new financial tool in the banking system, one about reorganisation modernisation of the Haitian police force and one about haitian citizenship. He has played a key role as the minority leader in his first year as a congressman.

While in the the private sector, Jerry Tardieu has served as the CEO of many Haitian enterprises in various sectors ranging from the shoe industry to real estate and hospitality. Until early 2014, Jerry Tardieu was the co-owner, co-founder and CEO of Royal Oasis Hotel, one of Haiti’s flagship upscale hotel.

Jerry Tardieu is also the founder of “Kolektif Abitan Petyonvil,” a broad civic organization which provides a forum to Pétion-ville residents, with an eye on identifying and brainstorming on the issues plaguing the city.

Jerry Tardieu was educated at Institution Saint-Louis de Gonzague, in Port-au-Prince. He later completed a bachelor’s degree in business administration at the Université Européenne de Bruxelles before capping his studies with a master’s degree in public administration with a concentration in economics at Harvard University.

Throughout his life, mostly because of his academic background and professional experience, Jerry Tardieu has been regularly consulted for the structuring of private/public partnerships. In the year 2000, as the Vice-president of Haiti’s Chamber of Commerce and Industry, he often represented the Haitian private sector in mixed delegations travelling overseas to various international forums, conferences and seminars.

Jerry Tardieu has authored many books on Haiti and its developmental challenges. In 2006, he published “Haiti: l’Avenir en Face,” a successful essay. In 2014, he published “Investir et s’Investir en Haïti: Un Acte de Foi,” another bestseller in Haiti and the diaspora.

Jerry Tardieu often intervenes as a speaker at local and foreign universities. His public addresses are often the object of articles and other publications. He is one of the rare Haitian entrepreneurs to engage Haiti’s society on issues of public policy in his writings. The quest for modernity and the necessity of a paradigm change within the Haitian elite are recurrent themes in his writings.

Numerous organizations have, through the years, bestowed a slew of impressive awards on Jerry Tardieu. For instance, very young, he received the ‘’Jeune Entrepreneur de l’Année (1993 Young Entrepreneur of the Year) ‘’ award from Haiti’s Ministry of National Education, Youth, Sports and Civic Service. In 2011, he was the co-recipient, with Wyclef Jean, of the “Aksyon Visionary Award.”

Jerry Tardieu was Vice President of a media group that owns Le Matin, a centenarian newspaper, and radio MBC.

He is a father of four and lives in Port-au-Prince with his wife Johanne.

Mr. Ricardo Fuentes-Nieva
CEO at Oxfam Mexico
Mr. Ricardo Fuentes-Nieva

CEO at Oxfam Mexico

Ricardo was the Head of Research for Oxfam GB. He managed a team delivering high profile research in support of Oxfam's global campaigns. He worked towards building the capacity of the whole organisation to deliver high quality, and high impact research in countries where Oxfam works; including developing an internal community of research, creating high profile collaborations and securing significant funding. Ricardo also played a key role in shaping the intellectual leadership of Oxfam on the challenges facing development.

Prior to joining Oxfam, he worked with UNDP where he recently led the production of the first Africa Human Development Report. He co-authored several global Human Development Reports as well as the World Bank's World Development Report 2010 and is currently collaborating with the new assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Before joining UNDP, he worked in the Ministry of Social Development in Mexico and the research department of the Inter-American Development Bank.

Mr. Richard Ssewakiryanga
Co-Chair for the CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness, and immediate past Presiding Officer of the African Union – Economic and Social Cultural Council (MGoS)
Mr. Richard Ssewakiryanga

Co-Chair for the CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness, and immediate past Presiding Officer of the African Union – Economic and Social Cultural Council (MGoS)

TBD TBD

Mr. Saad Alfarargi
United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to development
Mr. Saad Alfarargi

United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to development

Mr. Saad Alfarargi obtained a BSc. in Political Science and M.Sc. Political Science from Cairo University, and a degree in International Relations, from the London School of Economics.

Between 1998 and 2012, Mr. Alfarargi served as Ambassador, Permanent Observer of the League of Arab States to the UN in Geneva, Specialized Agencies and other International Organizations in Switzerland. His previous professional activities include: UN Assistant Secretary General (ASG) Assistant Administrator of the UNDP and Regional Director for Arab States, New York; Assistant Minister for Foreign Affairs of Egypt; Chief of the Presidential Bureau for Economic Affairs, Presidency, Cairo; Director General for International Economic Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cairo; Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Egypt to the UN in Geneva; Specialized Agencies and other International Organizations in Switzerland; Chief of Cabinet of the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and Special Political Adviser, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cairo; Special rapporteur for the United Nations Special Session on Disarmament; Expert for the United Nations Disarmament Centre; Editor-in-Chief of the political affairs periodical “Diplomat”. Currently he is a member of the Arab Thought Forum (Amman, Jordan) and member the Royal Institute of International Affairs (London, United Kingdom). He has published articles on economic development, business and security, international order, peace and security, disarmament and world trade and is a regular commentator on national, regional and international affairs with emphasis on economic and social issues.

Ms. Fekitamoeloa Katoa ‘Utoikamanu
United Nations High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States
Ms. Fekitamoeloa Katoa ‘Utoikamanu

United Nations High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States

Ms. ‘Utoikamanu, a Tongan national, took up her appointment as the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States in May 2017. Prior to taking up her position with the United Nations, she was the Chief Executive Officer of the Ministry of Tourism in Tonga.

Ms. ‘Utoikamanu has a wealth of national, regional and international experience at various senior leadership levels. She was previously Acting Pro-Chancellor and Chair of the Council of the University of the South Pacific (2015), Deputy Pro-Chancellor and Deputy Chair of the Council of the University of the South Pacific (2009-2016), Deputy Director General and Director of Education, Training and Human Development of the Secretariat of Pacific Community (2009-2015), Permanent Representative and Ambassador of the Government of Tonga to the United Nations, United States of America, Cuba and Venezuela and High Commissioner to Canada (2005-2009), and Secretary for Foreign Affairs and European Commission’s National Authorizing Officer for Tonga (2002-2005).

Ms. Hope Muli
Regional Project Manager, Opening Contracting, Hivos
Ms. Hope Muli

Regional Project Manager, Opening Contracting, Hivos

Hope is currently the Africa Project Manager for the Civic Engagement for Open Contracting programme in Hivos. She has over 15 years of technical experience in the governance and development sector. She has an additional 8 years of experience working in the international finance (banking) sector. She has been a member of diverse international delegations. She has moderated and facilitated various international, continental, sub- regional and national conferences and workshops.

She was elected and served for two terms as the Human Rights Representative for Kenyan CSOs in the Stakeholders Reference Group managed by the Amkeni Wa Kenya programme of the UNDP.

She has provided technical assistance and delivered programmes on Devolution, Inter –Governmental Relations, Donor Relations, Public finance (i.e participatory budgeting and social accountability), parliamentary strengthening for effective oversight, human-rights based approaches to development, gender mainstreaming, youth inclusion and civic society strengthening, opening up public contracting.

As a result of her diverse skills and vast expertise, she has managed and delivered projects that influenced evidence based enactment of laws, resource allocation, policies, procedure and shifted practice to entrench inclusivity of the disadvantaged especially youth and women in decision making. These projects have transformed relations between the citizens and targeted governance institutions.

Hope has undertaken high- level policy engagements in Kenya, Chad, Libya, Mali, Uganda, Ghana, South Africa, 3rd East Africa Legislative Assembly, African Union, European Union, World Bank and the United Nations amongst others.

Hope Muli has a Master's degree in International Relations.

Statements
Statements
Mr. Saad Alfarargi, UN Special Rapporteur on the right to development
PR of Paraguay as Chair of the LLDC group
United Nations