Inequality reduction is a priority throughout the 2030 Agenda. SDG 10 is to “reduce inequality within and among countries”. Its 10 targets capture multiple drivers of inequality to ensure that no group or individual is left behind. Four targets address within-country inequality across social, economic and political dimensions aiming to expand prosperity, inclusion, and social protection. Three targets aim to reduce inequality among countries with attention to cross-border flows of finance and people and the distribution of voice in global institutions. Three other targets focus on the means of implementation and put forward concrete steps for attaining greater equality by directing resource flows toward those most in need. 60 targets across the other 16 SDGs are directly linked to reducing inequality. Equal or universal access for all to resources, services and opportunities is a recurring theme across the SDGs.
Since 2015, there has been some positive movement on SDG 10 targets but progress has been mixed across countries and regions. Some indicators of progress also are not yet fully developed including those for monitoring discrimination and disaggregated income deprivations which are important for informing inclusive policies. In recent years a significant change in norms has driven attention to the universality of inequality and the relationships between inequality of opportunities and inequality of outcomes. All stakeholders, individuals, and groups have an enabling role and interest in achieving SDG10. To accelerate SDG 10 achievement, policy approaches need to put people who are most affected by inequalities at the centre of the process. People who are marginalized economically or socially are the actors and enablers for SDG10 and will see the greatest gains from lowering inequality.
Institutions of governance (transnational, national, regional, and local) are the central instruments for reducing inequality. They are the goal setters, the funders, the implementing agencies, and the evaluating agencies in any policy direction to reduce inequality. Partnerships between governments, the private sector, development partners and civil society organizations can engage marginalized groups and individuals, and close critical opportunity and outcome gaps. As United Nations Member States, central governments are the actors who have committed to realizing SDG10 by the year 2030 and are accountable to their people.
This session will have an interactive discussion format.
Background note is available here
Information for Expert Group Meeting on SDG10 is available here
Proposed guiding questions:
What are the best practices for reducing inequality that deliver genuine impact and can be scaled up or replicated for success? What are some policy changes that can happen now and what actions would you take over the next year?
How can we change the narrative around SDG 10 to capture the value of equality and inclusion for multiple stakeholders, and what role can Governments play? What changes in institutions and behaviour show the greatest promise for inclusion?
How can interlinkages between SDG 10 and other goals and targets be leveraged to reduce inequality? What is the biggest single risk for lowering inequality in the next 12 months?
Which dimensions of inequality can be lowered most quickly/least quickly, and which groups are the easiest/most difficult to reach? What actions can countries take today to better monitor the success of their inclusive development and reductions in inequality?
H.E. Mr. Valentin Rybakov, Vice President of ECOSOC
Mr. Benjamin Rae, Development Data and Outreach Branch, Statistics Division of UN DESA
Video clip from migrant children and youth
Ms. Sarah Cliffe, Director, Center on International Cooperation, New York University
Justice Edwin Cameron, Constitutional Court of South Africa
Ms. Martha Chen, Lecturer in Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School; Affiliated Professor, Harvard Graduate School of Design; and Senior Advisor, Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO) Network
Mr. Máximo Torero Cullen, Assistant Director-General, Economic and Social Development Department of FAO
Ms. Eun Mee Kim, Dean of the Graduate School of Ewha Womans University, Korea
Ms. Jane Barratt, Secretary General of the International Federation on Ageing
Mr. Matthew Martin, Director of the Development Finance International
Ms. Nalini Singh, Executive Director of the Fiji Women’s Rights Movement (MGoS)
Followed by interactive discussion