Review of SDG implementation and interrelations among goals: Discussion on SDG 16 – Peace, justice and strong institutions

SDG 16 aims to promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all, and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. The 2030 Agenda recognizes the need to build peaceful, just and inclusive societies that provide equal access to justice and that are based on respect for human rights, on effective rule of law and good governance at all levels and on transparent, effective and accountable institutions. SDG 16 is identified as a Goal that is both an outcome and enabler of sustainable development. It is closely interlinked with other SDGs. Without peace, justice and inclusion, achieving goals such as ending poverty, ensuring education promote economic growth can be difficult or impossible. At the same time, various SDGs can help or hinder the achievement of SDG 16, for instance climate change can act as a threat multiplier, aggravating additional social, environmental and political stressors, conditions that could possibly lead to violence.

Advances in ending violence, promoting the rule of law, strengthening institutions and increasing access to justice is uneven. This continues to deprive millions of people throughout the world of security, rights and opportunities. Attacks on civil society are also holding back development progress. Renewed efforts are therefore necessary to make the realization of SDG 16 a reality. Failure to invest in SDG 16 will result in worsening violence, injustice and exclusion which will reverse development against across all SDGs.

The SDG 16 session may want to consider the comprehensive list of recommendations for action resulted from the preparatory expert process. The recommendations on enhancing peace, dialogue and reconciliation; preventing and ending all forms of violence; safeguarding children; promoting the rule of law; ensuring equal access to justice for all, promoting human rights; addressing discriminatory laws; building effective, accountable and inclusive institutions - are contained in the background note (https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/23672BN_SDG16_LV.pdf).

This session will have a roundtable format.

Background notes are available here: short version and long version

Information for Expert Group Meeting on SDG16 is available here

Proposed guiding questions:

  • What are the specific policy reforms, local actions and strategies adopted to support national and local processes to strengthen resilience of communities and institutions to best deliver on SDG16? These could include actions in the spheres of strengthening social cohesion, dialogue and reconciliation, access to basic services including justice and security and conflict/dispute resolution.

  • How can SDG 16 targets and indicators leverage human rights norms, standards and analytical approaches to inform the measurement, monitoring and implementation of the 2030 Agenda?

  • What are the key interventions and specific policies that can help reach the furthest behind first, especially those who are left behind due to violence, injustice, and exclusion?

  • What are some of the primary and urgent capacity needs and gaps of governments and other stakeholder groups around SDG 16 and how can those gaps be filled? Do they differ from the longer-term capacity needs for the achievement of SDG 16?

  • What innovative methodologies and partnerships, including the use of data, technology and expertise from the private sector, civil society and academia can be harnessed to strengthen national systems to track and report on progress related to targets under Goal 16? What tools and support do Member States require for strengthening disaggregated data availability?

Chair:

  • H.E. Mr. Omar Hilale, Vice President of ECOSOC

Presentation:

  • Ms. Vibeke Oestreich Nielsen, Development Data and Outreach Branch, Statistics Division of UN DESA

Keynote speaker:

  • H.E. Ms. Laura Chinchilla, Former President of Costa Rica, and Vice President of Club de Madrid

Message by Charles Young from Jamaica and Ahona Paul from Cambodia, youth and children representatives on ending violence against children

Moderator:

  • Ms. Irene Khan, Director-General, International Development Law Organization

Resource persons:

  • H.E. Ms. Emanuela del Re, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Italy

  • H.E. Ms. Maria Fernanda Rodriguez, Vice Minister of Justice, Argentina

  • Ms. Gabriela Cuevas Barron, President of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)

  • Mr. Abdoulie Janneh, Executive Director, Liaison with Governments and Institutions in Africa, Mo Ibrahim Foundation

Lead discussants:

  • H.E. Mr. Harib Al Amimi, President of State Audit Institution United Arab Emirates and Chairman of International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions (INTOSAI)

  • H.E. Mr. Vuk Zugic, Co-ordinator for Economic and Environmental Activities, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)

  • Mr. Edward Thomas Porokwa, Executive Director, Pastoralists Indigenous NGO’s Forum (MGoS)

Followed by interactive discussion

Biographies
H.E. Mr. Harib Al Amimi
President of State Audit Institution United Arab Emirates and Chairman of International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions (INTOSAI)
H.E. Mr. Harib Al Amimi

President of State Audit Institution United Arab Emirates and Chairman of International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions (INTOSAI)

Holds a PhD in Financial Economics, a Master of Science in Financial Management and Bachelor degree in Accounting.

Served as an Officer in the Armed Forces of the UAE for more than 25 years. 2006-2007 Seconded to serve at the Ministry of Presidential Affairs H.E Dr. Harib Al Amimi As The President OF State Audit Institution 2007 Selected by the top UAE Federal Government decision makers to be appointed as only the second President of the State Audit Institution in the history of the organization.

The SAI is the Supreme Audit Institution of the UAE Federal Government with a total of more than 70 organizations to audit. Of these, 12 are corporations owned or partially owned by the UAE Federal Government.

Responsible for an ambitious program to modernize the State Audit Institution. It is expected that changes taking place today will have a far reaching impact on the accountability and performance of the Federal Government. The State Audit Institution aims to be among the top audit institutions in the world.

Introduced a more professional culture at the State Audit Institution and assembled a team of international specialists equipped to instill best practice and develop a new workforce of fully qualified Emirati auditors. With these initiatives, the State Audit Institution will demonstrate greater independence and achieve more rapid progress in its drive to match the best audit institutions in the world. It will also earn wider recognition of its role in ensuring the proper management and use of public funds.

  • 2012 As the President of SAI, he was honored by the high order of His Highness Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan President of United Arab Emirates, may God protect him, to entrusting the supervise on the file of the United Nations Convention against Corruption.(UNCAC)
  • 2013 Hosting the next XXII INCOSAI 2016 for The UAE State Audit Institution, and it became the first Middle Eastern host of the INCOSAI Congress in the history of the organization. As A result he became the First Vice-Chairman of INTOSAI.
  • 2016 Became the Chairman of INTOSAI and Held the XXII INCOSAI 2016 in the Capital of the UAE Abu Dhabi
  • 2019 H.E Dr. Harib Al Amimi will become the chairman of the Conference of the State Parties to the United Nations Convention Against Corruption for a term of two years.

H.E. Mr. Omar Hilale
Vice President of ECOSOC
H.E. Mr. Omar Hilale

Vice President of ECOSOC

H.E. Hilale has been Morocco's Permanent Representative to the UN in New York since April 2014. He is a career diplomat who has served in various posts around the world. Before his appointment in New York, he served as the Permanent Representative of Morocco to the UN in Geneva starting in 2008. From 2005 to 2008, he served as the General Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation. From 1996 to 2001, he served in several diplomatic posts. including as Ambassador to Singapore, New Zealand, Australia and Indonesia. Before that he served as a Member of the Cabinet of the Secretary for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation and a Member of the International Committee of Legal Experts, in charge of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use of Chemical Weapons. From 1976 to 1991, Ambassador Hilale served in the Moroccan Embassies in Algiers, Monrovia, Addis Ababa and Geneva. Ambassador Hilale graduated from the Mohammed V University in Rabat in 1974 with a bachelor’s degree in political science.

H.E. Mr. Vuk Zugic
Co-ordinator for Economic and Environmental Activities, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
H.E. Mr. Vuk Zugic

Co-ordinator for Economic and Environmental Activities, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)

Ambassador Vuk Žugić, Co-ordinator of OSCE Economic and Environmental Activities is a career diplomat with notable international experience in various high level positions. Before joining the OSCE Secretariat, he acted as Permanent Representative of the Republic of Serbia to the OSCE and other International Organizations in Vienna (2012-2017). He also served as Chairperson of the OSCE Permanent Council during Serbia’s OSCE Chairmanship in 2015. Prior to that assignment, between 2004 and 2009, he was Ambassador of Serbia to the Republic of India. Amongst other significant functions, Ambassador Žugić held the positions of Assistant Foreign Minister/Director General, Directorate General for Multilateral Cooperation (2009-2012), Assistant Foreign Minister, and Head of Sector for Multilateral Cooperation (2001-2004) at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Serbia. Ambassador Vuk Žugić holds a Master's degree in International Law and Relations from the University of Belgrade.

H.E. Ms. Emanuela del Re
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Italy
H.E. Ms. Emanuela del Re

Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Italy

Emanuela C. Del Re is Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation. Italian scholar, sociologist, she is an expert in Conflict Studies, Migrations, Refugee Issues, Minorities, Religious Phenomena, Security Issues. She has carried out long researches on field in conflict areas and areas in transition since 1990, following the social-political-economic transformation of countries and regions such as the Balkans, the Caucasus, North Africa, the Middle East and other. Tenured researcher at the University of Rome, she has obtained the title of Associated Professor in Sociology by the Italian Min. of Education and Research in 2014. She has been Jean Monnet Professor and course co-coordinator on “European Culture(s), Citizenship(s) and Governance” in the Faculty of Communication Sciences of the University La Sapienza of Rome, where she has taught for many years. Lecturer in various Italian and international masters and PhD courses organized by prestigious institutions. She has been Researcher at the European University Institute (1997 -2000) and Research Fellow at the University of Rome “La Sapienza” (2001-2003). Elected National Coordinator of the section Sociology of Religion of the Italian Sociological Association (AIS) since 2017, she has created “Mondoreligioni-World of Religions”, an initiative promoting interreligious dialogue and citizenship awareness on religions.

Member of the secretariat of the Forum for Cities in Transition active in more than 40 cities in conflict areas. Creator of synergy networks between local institutions, governmental institutions and academic institutions in many countries and conflict areas with personal interaction with numerous communities.

Founder of EPOS Intl. Mediating and Negotiating Operational Agency, active in conflict areas with projects for the reconstruction of the civil society.

Member of the scientific committee and editing board, and regular contributor of various leading scientific magazines, including “Limes, Italian Geopolitical Review”. She is the director of the Book Series “Globolitical”, ARACNE, Rome.

Panelist and speaker in many international fora. Member of numerous think tanks, institutes and organizations. Author of a vast number of scientific essays and volumes, and director of documentaries.

She has been International Electoral Observer for the UN, EU, OSCE in more than 15 missions.

Latest publications: Women and Borders. Refugees, Migrants and Communities, London: Tauris, 2018, con S. Shekhawat; Il comportamento collettivo. “Via con la pazza folla”: internet, ultras, terrorismo e oltre. Soveria Mannelli, Rubbettino Editore, 2012.

H.E. Ms. Laura Chinchilla
Former President of Costa Rica
H.E. Ms. Laura Chinchilla

Former President of Costa Rica

President of Costa Rica (2010-2014), she also held the positions of Minister of Public Security (1996-1998), Congresswoman (2002-2006), Minister of Justice (2006-2008) and Vice President of the Republic (2006-2008). Currently she is President of Analitica Consulting Group for Central America, Vice President of the Club de Madrid, Chair of the Inter-American Dialogue, Chair of the Kofi Annan Commission on Elections and Democracy in the Digital Age, and board member of the Euro America Foundation and the Concordia Summit. She has been the Head of several Electoral Observation Missions of the Organization of American States (OAS) in Mexico (2015), United States of America (2016), Paraguay (2016) and Brazil (2018). She has being teaching at various universities such as the Technological Institute of Monterrey in Mexico, the University of Georgetown in Washington D.C. and the University of Sao Paulo in Brazil. Master in Public Policy from the University of Georgetown, United States and political scientist.

H.E. Ms. Maria Fernanda Rodriguez
Vice Minister of Justice, Argentina
H.E. Ms. Maria Fernanda Rodriguez

Vice Minister of Justice, Argentina

Ms. Rodriguez is a lawyer and currently the Vice-Minister of Justice of the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights, Coordinator of the Federal Council for the Fight against the Trafficking and Exploitation of Persons and for the Protection and Assistance to Victims in Argentina and ad honorem Executive Director of the National Corp of Lawyers for Victims of Gender Violence. Also she leads a joint project with UNDP “Promoting SDG through Access to Justice for people in vulnerable conditions”

From 2013 to 2015 she was in charge of the Office of Human Rights, Public Prosecutor's Office of the CABA, and from 2007 to 2013, she was in charge of the Office of Access to Justice.

Ms. Rodriguez has worked on numerous investigations on the subject of Access to Justice, and Persons with Disabilities and Gender, highlighting the coordination in the Manual of Intervention of Cases of Trafficking in Persons in Argentina, conducted by United for Justice (Unidos por la Justicia) with the collaboration of the State Department of the United States, as well as with the General Coordination of the Collation in Access to Justice and Human Rights of the Public Prosecutor's Office of the CABA, in conjunction with the Inter-American Court, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, American University, the University of La Plata and CEJIL. Recently, she was elected Coordinator of the Federal Council to Combat Trafficking and Exploitation of Persons and for Protection and Assistance to Victims. Ms. Rodriguez graduated from the University of Buenos Aires (UBA) and has a Diploma in Human Rights from the American University Washington College of Law.

Mr. Abdoulie Janneh
Director of the Dakar Office and AfDB, Mo Ibrahim Foundation, Senegal
Mr. Abdoulie Janneh

Director of the Dakar Office and AfDB, Mo Ibrahim Foundation, Senegal

Former United Nations Under-Secretary General and Executive Secretary of the UN Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) (2005-2012), Mr. Abdoulie Janneh, a Gambian National is currently a Board Member/Executive Director at the Mo Ibrahim Foundation in Dakar, Senegal. He had earlier served as UN Assistant Secretary-General and UNDP Regional Director for Africa from June 2000 to October 2005.

Mr. Janneh is an active participant on the Boards/Advisory Panels of several organizations involved in Africa’s development, notably the Africa Forum of Former Heads of State is the President of the Governing Board of the African Governance Institute, Board Member of International Lawyers of Africa (ILFA), Global Integrity, AO Alliance, TrustAfrica and African Risk Capacity.

He has delivered over the years a number of keynote addresses, policy statements and written articles on issues germane to Africa’s development. He is also the author of the book ‘Integrating Africa’.

Mr. Charles Young
Youth and children representatives on ending violence against children
Mr. Charles Young

Youth and children representatives on ending violence against children

Charles Young is a confident, charming and outspoken 23-year-old Jamaican youth ambassador; who articulates well with both his peers and superiors. An ardent champion for child rights, he started his path of advocacy at the age of 15 when he participated in the United Nations Third Sub-Regional meeting in the Caribbean on Violence Against Children. Here, he was one of the presenters who addressed the over 300 participants in outlining the Children’s Declaration on the subject area and to detail areas of highest priority that he believed the government of the Caribbean must focus. With an affinity for films, a love for advocacy and a natural inclination to socialise; Charles has served in many capacities leaving an indelible mark in each portfolio. This includes Chairman of the Children’s Advisory Panel to the Child Development Agency and President of the National Secondary Students’ Council among several other positions. Charles was also the Caribbean’s youth representative at the launch of the UN Global Education First Initiative on a panel comprising of Her Majesty Queen Rania Al Abdullah of Jordan, Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi of Myanmar and others. Furthermore, he aided the Child Protection and Family Services Agency in establishing Children’s Councils in their residential childcare facilities.

Charles was selected as a Jamaica Youth Ambassador in 2017 and he is currently working on executing a project called ‘No Fear, Just Knowledge’, that tackles violence against children in schools. This was a direct response to his instrumental role in helping to craft the Youth Manifesto to end violence in and around schools.

Charles is currently studying to be a lawyer.

Mr. Edward Thomas Porokwa
Indigenous Navigator, Tanzania (MGoS)
Mr. Edward Thomas Porokwa

Indigenous Navigator, Tanzania (MGoS)

Mr. Edward Thomas Porokwa has more than15 years of experience working with indigenous peoples and CSOs for the promotion and protection of human rights, access to justice and for peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development. His expertise is on advocacy, policy analysis, constitutional issues. I have acquired extensive knowledge and involvement on wide range of government policies and laws as well as international policies and processes. Over time he have built a multidisciplinary approach combining disciplines ranging from law, governance, human rights, environment, conservation, land, management, business administration, economics, policy analysis, and advocacy. He had participated in different national, regional and international mechanisms on indigenous peoples and submitted statements, shadow report, complains on situation of indigenous peoples in Tanzania and in different part of Africa. He is currently supervising the implementation of project entitled “Improving Indigenous peoples’ access to justice and development through community-based monitoring” for Tanzania called Indigenous Navigator.

Ms. Ahona Paul
Youth and children representatives on ending violence against children
Ms. Ahona Paul

Youth and children representatives on ending violence against children

Ahona Paul is a 15 year old Bangladeshi and a grade 11 student in Northbridge International School Cambodia. She has moved and lived in 6 different countries. A global citizen working towards raising awareness of the SDGs in her immediate communities, she is very passionate about the current affairs and the world in general, and is always looking for opportunities to aid with certain Global Goals within her surroundings. She has been part of projects such as the Global Challenge and the World’s Largest Lesson, both in which she educated the younger, local population of Cambodia about these Global Goals and how they can take part in this awareness campaign.

Ms. Gabriela Cuevas Barron
President of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
Ms. Gabriela Cuevas Barron

President of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)

Gabriela Cuevas Barron, Mexican MP, has been in politics for the last 20 years. She was a senator from September 2012 to July 2018 and now holds a seat in the Chamber of Deputies. She is the Chairperson of the Foreign Relations Committee, which is responsible for the analysis of Mexico’s foreign policy. She is the 29th President of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.

Ms. Cuevas Barron was a member of the IPU Committee to Promote Respect for International Humanitarian Law (2014–2016), which she chaired for the first year, and has also been the internal auditor for the IPU in 2017.

Ms. Cuevas Barron first became involved with politics at the age of 15, when she joined the National Action Party (PAN), the main opposition force during Mexico’s transition towards democracy. Together with a group of young people, she founded the Fundación Educa México, A.C., which is committed to improving education in Mexico.

Ms. Cuevas Barron has worked to promote laws on human rights, gender equity, the fight against corruption, transparency and environmental protection. She is particularly active on the human rights of migrants and the protection of children. She supported reform to the Law of the Mexican Foreign Service so that Mexican migrants who were not registered at birth had the right to obtain birth certificates from the country’s consulates. She spearheaded the initiative to harmonize the Mexican Constitution on asylum and recognition of refugee status with international treaties, particularly in human rights and international humanitarian law. She has also worked extensively on promoting respect for the human rights of Central American migrants. At the IPU, she also worked with the Bahrain Parliament as co-rapporteur on the role of parliamentarians in protecting the rights of children.

Ms. Cuevas Barron has participated in several international parliamentary forums such as the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly, where she co-chaired the Committee on Political Affairs, Security, and Human Rights; the Mexico-European Union Joint Parliamentary Committee; and the Pacific Alliance's Parliamentary Monitoring Committee.

Ms. Cuevas Barron studied Political Science at the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (2001) and attended various seminars and courses in political communication, public management, and political theory at universities and training institutions in Mexico and abroad.

She was born on 3 April 1979 in Mexico City.

Ms. Irene Khan
Director-General, International Development Law Organization
Ms. Irene Khan

Director-General, International Development Law Organization

Irene Khan is Director-General of the International Development Law Organization (IDLO). The first woman to hold this office, she was elected by Member Parties on November 17, 2011 and took up her position formally on January 1, 2012.

An international thought leader on human rights, gender and social justice issues, Irene Khan was Secretary General of Amnesty International from 2001 - 2009. Prior to that, she worked for the UN High Commissioner for Refugees for 21 years at headquarters and in various field operations. She was Visiting Professor at the State University of New York Law School (Buffalo) in 2011.

Ms. Khan sits on the boards of several international human rights and development organizations. She is the recipient of numerous honorary degrees and prestigious awards, including the City of Sydney Peace Prize in 2006 for her work to end violence against women and girls. Her book, The Unheard Truth: Poverty and Human Rights, has been translated into seven languages.

Born in Bangladesh, Irene Khan studied law at the University of Manchester and Harvard Law School.

Ms. Vibeke Oestreich Nielsen
Development Data and Outreach Branch, Statistics Division of UN DESA
Ms. Vibeke Oestreich Nielsen

Development Data and Outreach Branch, Statistics Division of UN DESA

Vibeke Oestreich Nielsen has more than 12 years of experience working on capacity development within statistics. She joined the UN Statistics Division in 2018 as an Inter-Regional Adviser on Statistical Training and Capacity Building in the Development Data and Outreach Branch. A key activity in the work is to support capacity development on SDG monitoring among the National Statistical Systems in countries. Linked to goal 16, Vibeke has worked many years on issues related to statistics on forced displacement. Before joining UNSD, Vibeke worked at the Division for Development Cooperation at Statistics Norway where she was responsible for several bilateral development projects in statistics.

Statements
Statements
Beathe Øgård on behalf of the Education and Academia Stakeholder Group.
H.E. Mr. Harib Al Amimi, President of State Audit Institution United Arab Emirates and Chairman of International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions (INTOSAI)
H.E. Mr. Vuk Zugic, Co-ordinator for Economic and Environmental Activities, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
H.E. Ms. Emanuela del Re, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Italy
H.E. Ms. Laura Chinchilla, Former President of Costa Rica, and Vice President of Club de Madrid
Mr. Edward Thomas Porokwa, Executive Director, Pastoralists Indigenous NGO’s Forum (MGoS)
Ms. Gabriela Cuevas Barron, President of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
Statement by Ahona Paul
Statement by Charles Young
Volunteer Groups Alliance
United Nations