Thematic Session: Ending hunger and achieving food security
Co-conveners: DESA, FAO, IFAD and WFP*

External experts listed on this page and the following United Nations entities have also contributed to the workstream: CBD, ESCWA, ITC, Office of the Special Adviser on Africa (OSAA), UNCCD, UNDRR, UNEP, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNICEF, UNOOSA, WHO and WMO.

Sustainable Development Goal 2 (SDG2) of the 2030 Agenda aims to “end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture”. Progress has been made over the last couple of decades, however, the slow-down in progress towards hunger reduction and food security since 2015, the persistently high numbers of hungry and those suffering from under-nutrition and the emergence of obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases worldwide are adding complexity and urgency to the challenge. Our food systems are managed in an environmentally unsustainable manner and have become a major contributor to GHG emissions. Landscape degradation is already severe, and the pace of land use change, deforestation, overfishing and environmental degradation is alarming. Simply scaling up current actions to meet the world needs for food, fibre and energy for a growing and more affluent world population will be incompatible with sustainable utilization of natural resources and will create significant trade-offs within SDG2, but also with other SDGs and targets, including SDG3 and SDG 17, as well as with the Paris Agreement for climate change. In addition, the current COVID-19 pandemic has added to and amplified existing challenges facing food systems, especially in vulnerable countries, as evidenced by the near breakdown of food supply chains, the food shortages in many developing countries and the sharp increase in people suffering from acute food insecurity as a result of COVID 19. Food systems have been unprepared to face such emergencies. Protecting and preserving biodiversity and natural habitats is essential for protecting health. Putting food systems on a sustainable path will contribute to meeting a large number of SDGs. Transitioning towards sustainable food systems will take policy action and individual and collective behavioural change throughout the food systems. Policies and actions should promote sustainable agriculture production and consumption, including reducing food loss and waste, providing decent livelihoods for all actors, including women and girls, minimizing the climate and environmental impacts and increasing the resilience of food systems.

Guiding questions:

  • Which areas and socio-economic groups are especially vulnerable to poor nutrition and food insecurity, including women and girls, and what are ways to ensure that food systems transformations leave no one behind?
  • What fundamental changes are needed to make our food systems an engine for inclusive growth and contribute to accelerating progress towards ending hunger and achieving food security for all in the Decade of Action?
  • How might COVID-19 affect the implementation of needed food systems changes?
  • What knowledge and data gaps need to be filled for better analyzing current successes and failures in food systems and the trade-offs and synergies, across SDGs, in implementing food systems changes to fix these failures?
  • What means of implementation, including STI, and partnerships are needed to harness synergies and/or reduce trade-offs in food systems?

[* Special thanks to FAO and Mr. Kostas Stamoulis for leading the drafting of the background paper, in close collaboration with DESA, IFAD and WFP, drawing from inputs provided by UN entities and invited external experts.]

Participants
Mr. Bernard Lehmann
Vice-chairperson of the Steering Committee of the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition (HLPE); Former Director of the Federal Office for Agriculture (FOAG), Switzerland
Mr. Bernard Lehmann

Vice-chairperson of the Steering Committee of the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition (HLPE); Former Director of the Federal Office for Agriculture (FOAG), Switzerland

Mr. Bernard Lehmann is the Vice-chairperson of the Steering Committee of the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition (HLPE). He is the former Director of the Federal Office for Agriculture (FOAG), Switzerland and a former Professor at the Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETHZ). He was also the Director of the Institute for Agricultural Sciences, and Head of the Department for Agricultural and Food Sciences.

Mr. Eugenio Diaz-Bonilla
Head of IFPRI’s Latin American and Caribbean Program
Mr. Eugenio Diaz-Bonilla

Head of IFPRI’s Latin American and Caribbean Program

Mr. Eugenio Diaz-Bonilla is the Head of the Latin American and Caribbean Program at IFPRI. He joined IFPRI as a visiting Senior Research Fellow in 2012 and in 2017 he was named Head of the LAC Program. He has more than 40 years of professional experience working on development and poverty issues, including grass-roots work, academic activities, consulting work, and positions of institutional leadership in international organizations and governments. He has resided and worked for extended periods in different countries of Latin America and the Caribbean and has acted as consultant and staff member with several international organizations: United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Inter-American Institute for Cooperation in Agriculture (IICA), Organization of American States (OAS), and World Bank. Mr. Diaz-Bonilla served as a member of the Board of Executive Directors of the IADB for almost nine years, and occupied leadership positions as Chairman and Vice Chairman of several Board Committees responsible for the governance of the Bank.

Mr. Homi Kharas
Interim Vice President and Director of the Global Economy and Development program, Brookings Institution (co-author of report ‘Sustainable Financing for Development’, March 2019)
Mr. Homi Kharas

Interim Vice President and Director of the Global Economy and Development program, Brookings Institution (co-author of report ‘Sustainable Financing for Development’, March 2019)

Homi Kharas is the Interim Vice President and Director of the Global Economy and Development program. In that capacity, he studies policies and trends influencing developing countries, including aid to poor countries, the emergence of the middle class, and global governance and the G-20.

He has served as the lead author and executive secretary of the secretariat supporting the High Level Panel, co-chaired by President Sirleaf, President Yudhoyono and Prime Minister Cameron, advising the U.N. Secretary General on the post-2015 development agenda (2012-2013). The report, “A New Global Partnership: Eradicate Poverty and Transform Economies through Sustainable Development,” was presented on May 30, 2013.

His most recent co-authored/edited books are "From Summits to Solutions: Innovations in Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals" (Brookings Press, 2018), "The Imperative of Development" (Brookings Press, 2017), "The Last Mile in Ending Extreme Poverty" (Brookings Press, 2015), "Getting to Scale: How to Bring Development Solutions to Millions of Poor People" (Brookings Press, 2013), "After the Spring: Economic Transitions in the Arab World" (Oxford University Press, 2012), and "Catalyzing Development: A New Vision for Aid" (Brookings Press, 2011). He has published articles, book chapters, and opinion pieces on global development policy, global trends, the global food crisis, international organizations, the G20, the DAC, and private philanthropy.

Mr. Jomo Kwame Sundaram
former Assistant Director-General for Economic and Social Development of FAO and former Assistant Secretary-General for Economic Development of UNDESA
Mr. Jomo Kwame Sundaram

former Assistant Director-General for Economic and Social Development of FAO and former Assistant Secretary-General for Economic Development of UNDESA

Jomo Kwame Sundaram Professor and Tun Hussein Onn Chair of International Studies, Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS) Malaysia; former Assistant Director-General for Economic and Social Development, FAO and former Assistant Secretary-General for Economic Development at UNDESA Mr. Jomo Kwame Sundaram is Senior Adviser at the Khazanah Research Institute. He is also Visiting Fellow at the Initiative for Policy Dialogue, Columbia University, and Adjunct Professor at the International Islamic University in Malaysia. He was a member of the Economic Action Council, chaired by the seventh Malaysian Prime Minister, and the 5-member Council of Eminent Persons appointed by him; Professor at the University of Malaya (1986-2004); Founder-Chair of International Development Economics Associates (IDEAs); UN Assistant Secretary General for Economic Development (2005-2012); Research Coordinator for the G24 Intergovernmental Group on International Monetary Affairs and Development (2006-2012); Assistant Director General for Economic and Social Development, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (2012-2015); and third Tun Hussein Onn Chair in International Studies at the Institute of Strategic and International Studies, Malaysia (2016-2017). He received the 2007 Wassily Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought.

Mr. Kostas Stamoulis
Former Assistant-Director General of the Economic and Social Development Department and Senior Adviser to FAO
Mr. Kostas Stamoulis

Former Assistant-Director General of the Economic and Social Development Department and Senior Adviser to FAO

Mr. Kostas (Konstantinos) G. Stamoulis is currently Senior Advisor in FAO on issues of food security and food systems transformation.

Stamoulis retired from FAO in December 2018 as Assistant Director-General of the Economic and Social Development Department, a position in which he held for 3 years.
In his 30 year career with FAO he served in a number of technical and management positions.

Before he became Assistant Director General Stamoulis was Strategic Programme Leader for the Food Security and Nutrition Strategic Programme of FAO which cut across several disciplines and geographical regions.

Between 2008 and 2015 he was the Director of the Agricultural Development Economics Division of FAO.

From 2007 to 2015 he was the Secretary of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) and played a key role in the reform of the committee.

Before joining FAO in 1989, he was Assistant Professor of Agricultural Economics at the University of Illinois in Urbana Champaign ( USA).

Stamoulis has experience in the analysis and policy support on a wide array of issues: food security, agricultural and rural development, agricultural and food systems transformation, rural-urban linkages and urban food systems and environmental economics. He has been the author of numerous publications ( books, monographs, governing body papers and reports and many articles in peer-reviewed professional journals. For many years he had the overall supervision and guidance for the major FAO flagship publications : The State of Food and Nutrition in the World ( SOFI), the State of Food and Agriculture (SOFA) and FAO’s Global Perspectives work.

He holds a degree in Economics from the Economics University of Athens (Greece), a Master’s Degree in Agricultural Economics from the University of Georgia (USA) and a Ph.D. in Agricultural and Resource Economics from the University of California at Berkeley ( USA).

Mr. Mafa Chipeta
Consultant in agriculture, food security and forestry
Mr. Mafa Chipeta

Consultant in agriculture, food security and forestry

Mr. Mafa Evaristus CHIPETA is a consultant in agriculture, food security and forestry. Before his retirement in August 2010, his career has largely been international and included being the FAO Representative to Ethiopia, the African Union and UN Economic Commission for Africa, and FAO Subregional Coordinator for Eastern Africa. Earlier, he served in FAO Rome Headquarters as global Director of Policy Assistance after being Chief of Policy; he was also the first FAO Focal Point for the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD). From 1999 – 2001, Mr. Chipeta was Deputy Director-General of the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) in Indonesia.

Mr. Martin Cole
Head of School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, University of Adelaide
Mr. Martin Cole

Head of School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, University of Adelaide

Mr. Martin Cole is Head of School of Agriculture, Food and Wine at the University of Adelaide and an internationally recognized food scientist with expertise in food safety, food trends and innovation, processing and nutrition, and the translation of science into community and commercial outcomes. Prior to joining the School in October 2019, Martin has held numerous positions, including Director of CSIRO Food and Nutrition, and Director of the US National Center for Food Safety and Technology, the largest and most successful centre of excellence of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Mr. Martin Wolpold-Bosien
Secretariat Coordinator to the Civil Society and Indigenous Peoples’ Mechanism for relations with the UN Committee on World Food Security (CFS)
Mr. Martin Wolpold-Bosien

Secretariat Coordinator to the Civil Society and Indigenous Peoples’ Mechanism for relations with the UN Committee on World Food Security (CFS)

Mr. Martin Wolpold-Bosien is a political scientist and serves since September 2014 as the Secretariat Coordinator to the Civil Society and Indigenous Peoples’ Mechanism for relations with the UN Committee on World Food Security (CFS). During the past 25 years, he has worked on international food and agricultural policies, human rights with a focus on the right to adequate food, civil society and indigenous peoples’ participation in political decision-making, and processes related to the global architecture of food security and nutrition governance.

Mr. Stefano Prato
Managing Director of the Society for International Development (SID)
Mr. Stefano Prato

Managing Director of the Society for International Development (SID)

Mr. Stefano Prato is the Managing Director of the Society for International Development (SID) and the Editor of SID’s Quarterly Journal “Development”. He is the coordinator of the Civil Society Financing for Development Group and member of the Editing Team of the annual Spotlight Report on Sustainable Development. He currently serves as Co-Chair of the Steering Group of HLPF Major Groups and other Stakeholders Coordination Mechanism. He served as one of the Advisors to the UN Secretary General’s High-Level Panel of Eminent Personalities for the Post-2015 Development Agenda. He is also the co-coordinator of the global Civil Society Nutrition Group and member of the Editorial Board of the Right to Food Watch. He is a very active participant of the Civil Society Mechanism (CSM) of the Committee on World Food Security and co-facilitates the CSM Working Groups on Food Systems & Nutrition, Agroecology, Sustainable Agriculture & Livestock, and SDGs. Before joining SID, he was actively engaged in several Italian development cooperation organizations as well as social development volunteer-based organizations.

Ms. Andrea Carmen
Executive Director, International Indian Treaty Council (IITC)
Ms. Andrea Carmen

Executive Director, International Indian Treaty Council (IITC)

Ms. Andrea Carmen, Yaqui Nation, began her work with the International Indian Treaty Council (IITC) as a student intern in 1976, has been a staff member since 1983 and became its Executive Director in 1992. Andrea was IITC’s team leader for work on the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and has many years’ experience as a human rights trainer and observer around the world. In 1997 she was one of two Indigenous representatives invited to formally address the UN General Assembly for the first time in history at the UN Earth Summit +5. She has served on a number of boards and advisory councils. In 2010, she was one of two members from North America on the Global Steering Committee for the International Indigenous Peoples Forum on Climate Change (IIPFCC) which coordinates indigenous peoples’ work with the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. In February 2019 Andrea was selected by indigenous peoples, tribes and organizations in North America to serve as their representative on the new Facilitative Working Group for the development of the UNFCCC Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples’ Traditional Knowledge Exchange Platform for its first three years of operation.

Ms. Caroline Delgado
Senior Researcher at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) and Programme Director for the SIPRI - World Food Programme Knowledge Partnership
Ms. Caroline Delgado

Senior Researcher at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) and Programme Director for the SIPRI - World Food Programme Knowledge Partnership

Ms. Caroline Delgado is a Senior Researcher at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) and Programme Director for the SIPRI - World Food Programme Knowledge Partnership, which looks at how WFP’s food security interventions have the potential to contribute to the prospects for peace in conflict and peacebuilding contexts. At SIPRI, Caroline also works on issues related to sustainable peace and the triple nexus and is one of the focal points for the Global Registry of Violent Deaths (GReVD). Other research interests include making use of geographic information systems (GIS) technologies as a way of inquiring into complex conflict dynamics.

Ms. Elenita Daño
Co-Executive Director of the Action Group on Erosion, Technology and Concentration (ETC Group)
Ms. Elenita Daño

Co-Executive Director of the Action Group on Erosion, Technology and Concentration (ETC Group)

Ms. Elenita “Neth” Daño is Co-Executive Director of the Action Group on Erosion, Technology and Concentration (ETC Group), which is an international civil society organization that monitors the impacts of new and emerging technologies on marginalized communities, tracks corporate concentration and governance in food and agriculture, and investigates erosion of biodiversity. She is a researcher who has done in-depth analysis and published work on various issues in agriculture, plant genetic resources, new technologies and climate change in developing countries, particularly in Southeast Asia. She represented environmental non-governmental organizations in the Advisory Board to the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN), the operational arm of the Technology Mechanism of the UNFCCC, and in global environmental governance discussions at UN Environment. She was appointed for a two-year term (2016-2017) by the UN Secretary-General in the 10-Member Group that supports the UN Technology Facilitation Mechanism (TFM) and was a member of the Advisory Group of the Carnegie Climate Geoengineering Governance Initiative (C2G2).

Ms. Endah ​Murniningtyas
Co-Chair of Independent Group of Scientists for GSDR 2019
Ms. Endah ​Murniningtyas

Co-Chair of Independent Group of Scientists for GSDR 2019

Ms. Endah Murniningtyas was the Co-Chair of Independent Global Scientist for the Global Sustainable Development Report (GSDR) 2019. Until May 2016, she was Deputy Minister for National Resources and Environment at the Ministry of National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency (BAPPENAS) of the Republic of Indonesia. She was the Indonesian Representative at the Open Working Group on SDGs at the United Nations. She has been working at BAPPENAS for over 30 years in the area of natural resources, economics, and poverty and has been a frequent lecturer at Bogor Agricultural Institute. She frequently speaks at various international conferences on development plans, SDGs and poverty reduction. She is an active board member of Perhimpunan Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia (Perhepi), and also a member of the Long-Term Development Planning Study and Strategic Planning Team of BAPPENAS.

Ms. Gerda Verburg
UN Assistant Secretary-General and Coordinator of the Scaling-Up Nutrition Movement
Ms. Gerda Verburg

UN Assistant Secretary-General and Coordinator of the Scaling-Up Nutrition Movement

Since August 2016, Gerda Verburg (The Netherlands) has served as UN Assistant Secretary-General and Coordinator of the Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement, working with the 60 country governments that lead the SUN Movement, united with UN agencies, civil society, business and donors, in a common mission to defeat malnutrition in all its forms. She was appointed by the UN Secretary-General based on her extensive experience in politics and international cooperation. In 2008, following her appointment the previous year as Minister of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality of the Netherlands, Ms Verburg was elected as Chair of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD 17). From 2011, she served as Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to the United Nations Romebased agencies (FAO, IFAD and WFP). In 2013, she was elected as Chair of the UN Committee on World Food Security (CFS), and in 2014 she served as Chair of the Agenda Council for Food and Nutrition of the World Economic Forum (WEF). The UN Secretary-General, António Guterres, renewed the position held by Gerda Verburg as Coordinator of the Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement for a second term, effective from 1 August 2018.

Ms. Jessica Fanzo
Professor, Johns Hopkins University
Ms. Jessica Fanzo

Professor, Johns Hopkins University

Ms. Jessica Fanzo is a Bloomberg Distinguished Professor of Global Food Policy and Ethics at the Berman Institute of Bioethics, the Bloomberg School of Public Health, and the Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) at the Johns Hopkins University in the USA. She also serves as the Director of Hopkins’ Global Food Policy and Ethics Program. From 2017 to 2019, Jessica served as the Co-Chair of the Global Nutrition Report and the UN High Level Panel of Experts on Food Systems and Nutrition. Before coming to Hopkins, she has also held positions at Columbia University, the Earth Institute, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the World Food Programme, Bioversity International, and the Millennium Development Goal Centre at the World Agroforestry Center in Kenya.

Ms. Maria Giulia De Castro
Policy Officer at the International Secretariat of the World Farmers’ Organisation
Ms. Maria Giulia De Castro

Policy Officer at the International Secretariat of the World Farmers’ Organisation

Ms. Maria Giulia De Castro is currently working as Policy Officer at the International Secretariat of the World Farmers’ Organisation, a member-based organisation that brings together national farmers’ organizations and agricultural cooperatives from all over the world. As policy officer, Ms De Castro provides policy and advocacy support on global processes mostly related to sustainable development, food security, food systems, disaster risk reduction, youth and women empowerment. Previously, Ms De Castro worked at the Permanent Representation of the Republic of Panama to the UN Rome-based Agencies and at the Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and The Caribbean (CATHALAC).

Ms. Robynne Anderson
President and CEO, Emerging ag inc
Ms. Robynne Anderson

President and CEO, Emerging ag inc

Ms. Robynne Anderson is President of Emerging ag inc, a company specialized in agriculture, health and nutrition. She also serves as Director General for the International Agri-Food Network, which represents associations throughout the value chain, and co-ordinates the Private Sector Mechanism representing agribusinesses at the UN Committee on World Food Security. She has helped bring innovative issues to prominence, such as the role of women in farming, land tenure guidelines, responsible agricultural investment, and the importance of food waste, and global sustainability. She also co-ordinated global activities for the International Year of Pulses on behalf of the Global Pulse Confederation reaching 1.1 billion people worldwide.

Ms. Ruth Oniang’o
President of the Academy of Food Science and Technology and professor of nutrition
Ms. Ruth Oniang’o

President of the Academy of Food Science and Technology and professor of nutrition

Ms. Ruth Khasaya Oniang’o taught in Kenyan universities and is Adjunct at Tufts University, Massachusetts. She is President of the Academy of Food Science and Technology. She spearheaded the completion of Kenya’s food and nutrition policy, facilitated the establishment of nutrition departments in Africa and has given a voice to these issues internationally. She served in the Kenyan Parliament; founded Rural Outreach Africa, to serve women smallholder farmers; and founded African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, to highlight African issues. She is the 2017 joint recipient of the Africa Food Prize. She is a strong advocate for nutrition and eradication of hunger and poverty, and women empowerment and youth mentoring in Africa.

Ms. Sofia Monsalve Suarez
Secretary General, FIAN International (NGO Major Group)
Ms. Sofia Monsalve Suarez

Secretary General, FIAN International (NGO Major Group)

Ms. Sofía Monsalve Suárez is the Secretary General of FIAN International, which is an international human rights organization working for the right to food and nutrition. Before turning Secretary General in 2016, she coordinated FIAN’s program on land and natural resources for more than 15 years. This work included field research visits and fact-finding missions to twenty countries; close collaboration with peasants, family farmers, landless people, fisher folks, indigenous peoples, rural workers organized in the International Planning Committee for Food Sovereignty (IPC); conceptual work and research on the intersection between human rights, land and natural resource governance in collaboration with various academic institutions; and extensive advocacy work in the UN human rights system, inter alia, preparing and presenting FIAN’s reports to the UN treaty bodies and the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council; and contributing to the development of human rights standard setting. Likewise, she has extensive experience collaborating with the UN agencies working on food and agriculture, inter alia, coordinating the civil society participation to various process of the UN Committee on World Food Security (CFS).

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