Democracy or progressives only go as far as the citizen s think and act. The society can get better just where the citizen imagines and agrees agrees.' [Roh Moohyun 16th President of Korea, 2007.04]
CIATE Korea is a network of citizens and civil society organizations that believe in education can influence social change. We have worked on building bridges between various organizations and individuals who are willing to take actions for embracing the ideas of peace, human rights, democracy and diversities into education policy, systems as well as day to day educational practices.
This report is the Korean civil society issue report on SDG 4.7, which is one of the review subjects of the 2019 UN High Level Political Forum. Through the lens of SDG 4.7, the report highlight s the issues of Peace Education, Education Equality and Gender, Equity and Shadow Education, Democratic Citizenship Education , as well as Global Citizenship Education . The status of each topic, major activities of civil society, and suggestions are included.
Peace education, global citizenship education, gender equality, and democratic citizenship education are directly ad dressed in the 4.7 goals. What is common in the four sections of the report is that the mix of concepts makes its implementation fragmentary and blocks the way each issue is handled more effectively. They also noted that governments and civil society should build good cooperation and that this should be mainstreamed throughout every educational moment in life, rather than fragmentary approaches such as opening a separate subject.
The issues of education equity and shadow education are not mentioned directly in the 4.7 , but it is included because it is a notable and powerful phenomenon that makes it difficult to experience the value of 4.7 in Korean education. In Korea, most students are "approaching" public education, but more than half of the students are receiving shadow education. The expenditure of shadow education continues to grow, and polarization of education is also a big problem as a result. This is closely related to the competition oriented entrance examination system in Korea n society, and the big task of 'entrance examination' makes it difficult to experience the values in 4.7 in the school. Therefore, it is essential to understand this phenomenon in order to understand Korean education.
This is the first report in South Korea's civil society that analyzes Korean educational issues through the angles from the SDG 4.7 . There are also some deficiencies, yet we have sharply focused on the critical issues in Korean education. We would like to express gratitude to those who share their Knowledge and opinions for it.