Main Milestones
The Ocean Conference
Addis Ababa Action Agenda
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
Paris Agreement
SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway
High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development
United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, RIO +20: the Future We Want
Five-year review of the Mauritius Strategy of Implementation: MSI+5
BPOA+10: Mauritius Strategy of Implementation
World Summit on Sustainable (WSSD) Rio+10: Johannesburg Plan of Implementation
Bardados Programme of Action (BPOA)+5
UNGASS -19: Earth Summit +5
Bardados Programme of Action (BPOA)
Start of CSD
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development: Agenda 21
Our Common Future
United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Conference)
Creation of UNEP
Indoor air quality guidelines: household fuel combustion
World Health Organization, 2014
Almost 3 billion of the world’s poorest people still rely on solid fuels (wood, animal dung, charcoal, crop wastes and coal) burned in inefficient and highly polluting stoves for cooking and heating, currently resulting in some 4 million premature deaths annually among children and adults from respiratory and cardiovascular
diseases, and cancer. Together with widespread use of kerosene stoves and lamps, these household energy practices also cause many deaths and serious injuries from scalds, burns and poisoning.

The use of solid fuel for heating in more developed countries is also common and contributes significantly to air
pollution exposure. Air pollution from household fuel combustion is the most important global environmental health risk today.

These new guidelines bring together the most recent evidence on fuel use, emission and human exposure levels, health risks, intervention impacts and policy considerations, to provide practical recommendations to reduce this health burden, which build on existing WHO air quality guidelines (AQGs) for specific pollutants. Implementation of these recommendations will also help secure the additional benefits to society, development and the environment – including climate – that will result from wider access to clean, safe and efficient household energy.

Download PDF
United Nations