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Main Milestones
2017
The Ocean Conference
2015
Addis Ababa Action Agenda
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
Paris Agreement
2014
SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway
2013
High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development
2012
United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, RIO +20: the Future We Want
2010
Five-year review of the Mauritius Strategy of Implementation: MSI+5
2005
BPOA+10: Mauritius Strategy of Implementation
2002
World Summit on Sustainable (WSSD) Rio+10: Johannesburg Plan of Implementation
1999
Bardados Programme of Action (BPOA)+5
1997
UNGASS -19: Earth Summit +5
1994
Bardados Programme of Action (BPOA)
1993
Start of CSD
1992
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development: Agenda 21
1987
Our Common Future
1972
United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Conference)
Creation of UNEP
Feasibility Study for a United Nations Technology Bank for the Least Developed Countries
UN Secretary-General’s High-Level Panel on the Technology Bank for the Least Developed Countries, 2015
Science today is a global enterprise involving some 7 million researchers drawing upon a worldwide research and development (R&D) spending of over US$1,000 billion and publishing their findings in some 25,000 specialized journals per year. Significantly, increased investments in R&D by more-advanced developing nations have enabled several of them to scale the heights historically held by the global science, technology and innovation (STI) triumvirate of Japan, North America, and Europe – with outsized returns in terms of their economic performance. Emblematically, those developing countries which constitute the so-called emerging markets are the same ones identified by the Royal Society as “new emergent scientific nations.

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