The Other Migrants Preparing for Change: Environmental Changes and Migration in the Republic of Mauritius
International Organization for Migration, 2011by: International Organization for Migration (IOM)
This report presents the results of a field work and analytical study conducted in 2010 in the Republic of Mauritius by two experts on environmental migration and adaptation to climate change. While climate change and environmental degradation are not new issues in Mauritius, looking at these issues from a human mobility perspective is a new phenomenon. To what extent is Mauritius exposed and vulnerable to climate change and environmental degradation? What are the determinants of vulnerability and adaptive capacity? What are the country?s specific vulnerabilities and what are the options for future adaptation? Who are the most vulnerable groups and how will vulnerability affect human mobility? These are some of the questions addressed in the first and second parts of the report. The stories of vulnerable communities, how climate change and environmental degradation affect their livelihoods and their perceptions of what is happening around them are the focus of the third part of the report. The fourth part introduces a framework for implementing pilot projects, as a way of fostering adaptation to current and future environmental changes. In the final recommendations, the authors invite all stakeholders to move towards an adaptation to climate change pathway by improving knowledge, favouring a coherent approach to pilot projects, mainstreaming adaptation to climate change into national policies and frameworks, and fostering regional cooperation.