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Main Milestones
The Ocean Conference
Addis Ababa Action Agenda
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
Paris Agreement
SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway
High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development
United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, RIO +20: the Future We Want
Five-year review of the Mauritius Strategy of Implementation: MSI+5
BPOA+10: Mauritius Strategy of Implementation
World Summit on Sustainable (WSSD) Rio+10: Johannesburg Plan of Implementation
Bardados Programme of Action (BPOA)+5
UNGASS -19: Earth Summit +5
Bardados Programme of Action (BPOA)
Start of CSD
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development: Agenda 21
Our Common Future
United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Conference)
Creation of UNEP
Economic Report on Africa 2010: Promoting High-level Sustainable Growth to Reduce Unemployment in Africa
UNECA, 2010
by: Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)

While many African countries witnessed notable commodity-driven growth before the global financial and economic crises of 2008 and 2009, that growth was highly volatile given its vulnerability to external shocks. Nor did such growth deliver meaningful job creation in their economies. The challenges facing African countries in the aftermath of the global economic downturn is not only to restart, accelerate and sustain growth, but also, to enhance the responsiveness of employment to growth, which is essential for sustainable poverty reduction. Discussions on the growth, employment and poverty reduction nexus is not new. Indeed, the ways and means through which job-creating growth should be addressed have been discussed in policy and research circles in recent years, often within the context of the New Partnership for Africa?s Development (NEPAD) and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). ECA has contributed to this discussion through the Economic Report on Africa 2005 and the deliberations of its Conference of Ministers of Finance, Planning and Economic Development held that year. Since the African Union Heads of State summits of 2004 and 2008 also contributed to this discussion, the attention that this issue has received over the years obviously underscores its importance for development in Africa

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