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Main Milestones
The Ocean Conference
Addis Ababa Action Agenda
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
Paris Agreement
SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway
High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development
United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, RIO +20: the Future We Want
Five-year review of the Mauritius Strategy of Implementation: MSI+5
BPOA+10: Mauritius Strategy of Implementation
World Summit on Sustainable (WSSD) Rio+10: Johannesburg Plan of Implementation
Bardados Programme of Action (BPOA)+5
UNGASS -19: Earth Summit +5
Bardados Programme of Action (BPOA)
Start of CSD
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development: Agenda 21
Our Common Future
United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Conference)
Creation of UNEP
China’s 12th Five‐Year Plan
APCO worldwide, 2010
by: APCO worldwide

This report, by APCO Worldwide, summarises the key guiding principles of China’s 12th Five‐Year Plan which focus on rebalancing the economy, mitigating social inequity and conserving the environment. The Chinese Government put strong emphasis on ‘inclusive growth’ where the benefits of economic growth are felt in all regions and social groupings in China. The plan identifies the three SEIs (Strategic Emerging Industries) ‐ healthcare, energy and technology – and recommends the
initiatives that will encourage growth in these sectors.

The report also details the changes that may face foreign business in the five‐year period in terms of cost implications associated with changes to the minimum wage, value‐added tax increases, raw material resource price reforms and environment‐related taxes. The plan reports that China is facing severe environmental degradation brought about by rapid industrialization, reliance on coal as an energy source, a large energy‐intensive manufacturing sector and little environmental regulation. Three areas of focus are examined in the plan to counter the negative trend: energy conservation (including discussion of mandatory emissions targets), environmental quality which include water quality and commitments for high‐polluting sectors, and new energy regimes (15% of energy from renewable sources by 2020).