Main Milestones
Addis Ababa Action Agenda
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
Paris Agreement
SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway
High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development
United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, RIO +20: the Future We Want
Five-year review of the Mauritius Strategy of Implementation: MSI+5
BPOA+10: Mauritius Strategy of Implementation
World Summit on Sustainable (WSSD) Rio+10: Johannesburg Plan of Implementation
Bardados Programme of Action (BPOA)+5
UNGASS -19: Earth Summit +5
Bardados Programme of Action (BPOA)
Start of CSD
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development: Agenda 21
Our Common Future
United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Conference)
Creation of UNEP
Brazil Low‐Carbon Development Study
World Bank, 2010
by: World Bank Group

The Brazil Low‐Carbon Development Study by the World Bank offers a significant exploration into the potential for Brazil to foster economic development whilst reducing greenhouse gas emissions and is the result of a consultative, iterative approach with experts and government representatives in Brazil with an interest in low‐carbon development.

This study uses the Brazilian Government’s four key development areas (LULUCF ‐ {Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry}, energy, transport and waste management) to focus on and examine the current systems that generate carbon emission in these sectors. The report then analyses the conditions required for large‐scale decarbonisation of the sectors to 2030 by providing technical and analytical elements for emissions reductions.

Following this, the study analyses the options from both a macro and micro‐economic perspective, presents a national low-carbon scenario for Brazil and then provides financing options to achieve the scenario. The final section identifies the other structural and institutional changes that will be required in Brazil to meet the low‐carbon scenario.