Main Milestones
2015
Addis Ababa Action Agenda
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
Paris Agreement
2014
SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway
2013
High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development
2012
United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, RIO +20: the Future We Want
2010
Five-year review of the Mauritius Strategy of Implementation: MSI+5
2005
BPOA+10: Mauritius Strategy of Implementation
2002
World Summit on Sustainable (WSSD) Rio+10: Johannesburg Plan of Implementation
1999
Bardados Programme of Action (BPOA)+5
1997
UNGASS -19: Earth Summit +5
1994
Bardados Programme of Action (BPOA)
1993
Start of CSD
1992
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development: Agenda 21
1987
Our Common Future
1972
United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Conference)
Creation of UNEP
Brazil Low‐Carbon Development Study
World Bank, 2010
by: World Bank Group

The Brazil Low‐Carbon Development Study by the World Bank offers a significant exploration into the potential for Brazil to foster economic development whilst reducing greenhouse gas emissions and is the result of a consultative, iterative approach with experts and government representatives in Brazil with an interest in low‐carbon development.

This study uses the Brazilian Government’s four key development areas (LULUCF ‐ {Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry}, energy, transport and waste management) to focus on and examine the current systems that generate carbon emission in these sectors. The report then analyses the conditions required for large‐scale decarbonisation of the sectors to 2030 by providing technical and analytical elements for emissions reductions.

Following this, the study analyses the options from both a macro and micro‐economic perspective, presents a national low-carbon scenario for Brazil and then provides financing options to achieve the scenario. The final section identifies the other structural and institutional changes that will be required in Brazil to meet the low‐carbon scenario.