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Main Milestones
The Ocean Conference
Addis Ababa Action Agenda
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
Paris Agreement
SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway
High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development
United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, RIO +20: the Future We Want
Five-year review of the Mauritius Strategy of Implementation: MSI+5
BPOA+10: Mauritius Strategy of Implementation
World Summit on Sustainable (WSSD) Rio+10: Johannesburg Plan of Implementation
Bardados Programme of Action (BPOA)+5
UNGASS -19: Earth Summit +5
Bardados Programme of Action (BPOA)
Start of CSD
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development: Agenda 21
Our Common Future
United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Conference)
Creation of UNEP
Green Growth and Climate Resilience
Republic of Rwanda, 2011
by: Rwanda

The Green Growth and Climate Resilience report, developed as a collaborative project between the Government of Rwanda, the Smith School of Enterprise and Environment and The University of Oxford, sets out the National Strategy for Climate Change and Low‐Carbon Development for Rwanda. The strategy begins by stating that Rwanda has experienced significant human and social development in recent years, however the country’s future socio‐economic development is uncertain: its population will more than double by 2050, the country is vulnerable to climate change as it is strongly reliant on rain‐fed agriculture, and it is 100% reliant on oil imports and therefore vulnerable to price increases and fluctuations.

The strategy aims to guide the process of mainstreaming climate resilience and low carbon development into key sectors of the economy. The strategic framework provides a vision for 2050, guiding principles, strategic objectives, programmes of action, enabling pillars and a roadmap for implementation.

The strategy defines green growth as “an emerging concept that recognises that environmental protection is a driver of global and national economic development. It is about focusing society on qualitative growth rather than simply increasing GDP”.