Main Milestones
Addis Ababa Action Agenda
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
Paris Agreement
SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway
High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development
United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, RIO +20: the Future We Want
Five-year review of the Mauritius Strategy of Implementation: MSI+5
BPOA+10: Mauritius Strategy of Implementation
World Summit on Sustainable (WSSD) Rio+10: Johannesburg Plan of Implementation
Bardados Programme of Action (BPOA)+5
UNGASS -19: Earth Summit +5
Bardados Programme of Action (BPOA)
Start of CSD
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development: Agenda 21
Our Common Future
United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Conference)
Creation of UNEP
Issue 1: Development cooperation in the light of sustainable development and the SDGs: Preliminary exploration of the issues
UNDESA, 2012
by: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA)

The purpose of this paper is to explore the nexus between the sustainable development agenda -- from the Earth Summit in 1992 to Rio+20 in 2012 -- and development cooperation. It explores the evolution of international cooperation, and in particular finance, in response to the emergence of the sustainable development agenda, and their contribution to supporting that agenda. We then examine how the elaboration of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as proposed by the Rio+20 outcome document, could provide a framework for more effective international cooperation for sustainable development.

This paper does not engage in detailed examination of the financial flows related to international cooperation – a topic that is covered elsewhere. Instead, it tries to identify the main weaknesses in the current framework for international cooperation in regard to bringing humanity to a more sustainable development path, and the potential for improvement. The paper draws on material published since the Earth Summit, including material prepared for the UNCSD (Rio+20).

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