Eco-Efficiency Indicators: Measuring Resource-use Efficiency and the Impact of Economic Activities on the Environment
UNESCAP, 2009by: Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
ESCAP, its partners and Asia-Pacific countries have advocated "green growth" as a strategy to
achieve sustainable development in the resource-constrained, high-poverty context of the Asian
and the Pacific region.
The conventional "grow now, clean up later" approaches to economic growth are increasingly
placing the futures of regional economies and societies at risk. The forward-thinking policymaker
is tasked to promote development based on eco-efficient economic growth and, at the same
time, record more inclusive gains in human welfare and socio-economic progress. In order to
assist policymakers in responding to such challenges, ESCAP’s activity on green growth has been
developed to focus on five paths: sustainable infrastructure development; investment in natural
capital; green tax and budget reform; sustainable consumption and production; and the greening
of business and markets.
The ESCAP “Greening of economic growth” series provides policymakers with quick access to
clear, easy-to-read guidance to specific "green growth" policy tools and actions.