Thailand: Supporting Sustainable Development in Thailand: A Geographic Clusters Approach
World Bank, 2006
Market forces and government policies, including the Tenth National Development Plan (2007-2012), are moving Thailand toward a more geographically specialized economy.
There is a growing consensus that Thailand’s comparative and competitive advantages lie in amenity services that have high reliance on the following: (i) fashion and design; for example, jewelry, garments, ceramics, advertising, media; (ii) human interaction in the application of technology, often high technology; for example, world-class medicine and spas; (iii) cuisine; for example, high-value processed foods and specialized restaurants; and (iv) high quality natural and built environments, in support of beach tourism, retirement communities (domestic and international), and second home and footloose knowledge worker lifestyles. Such an economy places a higher premium on the quality and accessibility of so-called place. Successful development in Thailand will require higher quality landscapes and better natural resource management.