*Originally submitted in Spanish and translated to English by the Secretariat
Updating of sectoral policies and direction of subnational policies
Since September 2016, the Peruvian State has focused its efforts to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development on an initial updating of national-level sectoral policies, incorporating the aims of the Agenda into its methods for establishing policies and plans. In that connection, an initial exercise to align sectoral policies with the Goals and targets by 2021, with an eye to the 2030 deadline, was undertaken in October 2016. Similarly, the multi-level Government coordination bodies have been strengthened to promote the refocusing of subnational policies within a national context.
Vision for the future in the run-up to 2030
The above notwithstanding, a new round of updates to policies and plans is needed to pursue sustainable development. This will require an agreed vision for the country in the run-up to 2030, leading to a review of State policy as a foundation for the updating of the Strategic Plan for National Development, the document which provides guidance for harmonious, sustainable, lasting and decentralized development.
Building this vision of the future demands an in-depth knowledge of the reality of the country, and this entails knowing the day-to-day local circumstances of the population (ecosystems, catchment areas, direction of development), and being aware of characteristics, needs and gaps in infrastructure and access to public services across the country. Also required is an understanding of the actual opportunity for access to services in every population centre.
It is important to emphasize that the process of consultation on a vision for the country’s future did not begin with the 2030 Agenda commitments. It dates back to 2001, with the establishment of forums for interaction between society and the State, such as the Roundtables for Poverty Reduction and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and the building of a National Agreement to establish a shared vision of “the country we want”, with the aim of uniting society and making possible the development of State policies and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
Proposed outline for the future
Although the consultation process is continuing, the Peruvian State already has an outline for the future of the country in the run-up to 2030, based on an initial analysis of the outlook for that period. The outline provides a basis for dialogue on the agreed vision for the future of the country, with the aim of guiding policies and plans even while facing emergencies and natural disasters.
In connection with the with the 2030 Agenda, the proposed outline makes explicit reference to peace, prosperity and the building of links with people and the planet, along with the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The proposed outline addresses the main aspects of sustainable development and contains input and preliminary thoughts on the future of the country, with a focus on people and a desire to pursue full development that leaves no one behind, retaining a balance between economic development and environmental protection that tackles climate change.
The voluntary national report describes the progress that Peru has made in implementing the 2030 Agenda and building its vision of the future. Achieving the desired results requires the Peruvian State to meet the multiple challenges involved in translating the proposed outline for the future into action in the national context. That includes the process of ensuring that individuals and institutions in the country genuinely understand the need to guarantee full enjoyment of fundamental rights, the need to the achieve national sustainable development targets, and the way in which those targets are connected with the Sustainable Development Goals.
Ms. Ana Peña, Minister Counsellor, Director of Social Affairs at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
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