Input to Questionnaire related to the development of Sustainable Development Goals
1. Please list a limited number, preferably between five and ten, of the important priority
areas that must be addressed through the SDGs to contribute to the achievement of
1. Promotion of quality education, including education for sustainable development
2. Eradication of poverty and promotion of productive employment
3. Gender equality and empowerment of women
4. Sustainable food and nutrition security
5. Green growth, sustainable use of natural resources and environmental
rehabilitation, use of renewable energy
6. Managing disaster risk and improving disaster response
7. Global partnership for development, fair and stable global trading system,
addressing special needs of LLDCs
8. Foster democratic governance based on the rule of law and human rights
protection, develop a zero-tolerance environment to corruption
2. How might the SDGs strive to balance the economic, social and environmental pillars of
a. Reflect social, economic and environmental dimensions within each SDG,
possibly through the associated targets
b. Integrate the MDGs, suitably modified/updated for post-2015, into a larger
sustainable development framework
c. Expand MDG7 (‘environmental sustainability’) into a number of goals with a
natural/environmental resource dimension (water, food, energy, etc.)
d. Other (please describe)
Explanatory note: Economic, social and environmental pillars of sustainable
development have been reflected, to certain extent, in the MDGs. And Member States
have already established relevant structures for their implementation and gained
experience. Therefore, integrating the MDGs, suitably modified/updated for post-2015,
into a larger sustainable development would help Member States to maintain the
balance different pillars of sustainable development.
3. Based on your experience with MDGs or other existing goals, what would be the key use
of SDGs for your country (select at most two)?
a. Defining national policies
b. Influencing national budget allocations
c. Reviewing the impact of national policies
d. Addressing key pressure leading to unsustainability
e. Helping to balance economic, social and environmental pillars in policy making
f. Guiding development cooperation
g. Other (please describe)
Please explain your choices if you would like:
The key use of SDGs for Mongolia would be the further promotion of national policies
and programmes aimed at ensuring sustainable development with a particular focus on
eliminating the root causes that lead to unsustainability. Consequently, it would assist
in providing sufficient national budget allocations.
4. How can “universally applicable” SDGs be made practically relevant for countries at
different levels of development? (Please refer to your country’s situation as
SDGs should be "universally applicable", but be provided with the possibility for each
country to reflect their own specificities in terms of particular national or regional
circumstances, capacities, priorities and level of development. For example, the
landlockness would be one of the priority concerns for Mongolia.
5. The SDGs are supposed to be “global in nature”. Should targets associated with those
a. common to all countries?
b. defined by each country? or
c. common but differentiated depending on country characteristics and level of
6. Which existing goals and targets (e.g., MDGs, goals/targets in Agenda 21, JPOI) do you
think should be incorporated – perhaps in updated form – in a proposal for sustainable
MDG 1,2, 7 and 8
Water and sanitation (chapter 18 of Agenda 21), (JPOI),( MDG 7-T16)
Trade and trade facilitation (Chapter 2 of Agenda 21, and in Chapter V and
Chapter X of the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation)
Improving housing condition MDG 7-T17
Gender equality and empowerment of women MDG 3
Foster democratic governance, human rights MDG 9
7. What specific steps can be taken to ensure that the SDGs are coherent with and
integrated into the UN development agenda beyond 2015?
SDGs should be based on the proposals and suggestions submitted by Member
States and discussed at the regional and international levels. Consequently, they
could lay down the basis or easily integrated into the UN development agenda
8. How should assessments of progress toward the achievement of the SDGs be carried out
at the global level?
Assessments of progress toward the achievement of the SDGs could be carried
out using existing methods: submission of national report, assessment at the
regional and subregional levels, SG report and its consideration at HLPF and
9. What measures should be taken to make the process of developing a proposal for SDGs
inclusive and participatory? How should civil society and other relevant stakeholders be
Relevant measures could be taken by Member States themselves to engage civil
society and other stakeholders in the process of developing the SDGs at the
Cooperation and collaboration with and among stakeholders are crucial for
There is fundamental need to raise the awareness of decision makers and citizen
of the importamce8 monitoring and evaluation of the SDGs.
There must be overall ownership and assessment on how it has exactly impacts
on national policies.
The assessment criteria should embrace the widest range of democracy issues,
while allowing for selection within them.
The assessment process should be nationwide involving wide public
consultations, including a national workshop to validate findings.
10. What principles should underpin the development of the SDGs? (the UN TT report, for
example, recommended adding (i) reducing inequalities and (ii) promoting human rights
(iii) ensuring sustainability);
The principles recommended in the UN TT report could be taken as the basis
that underpin the development of the SDGs, including
- Rio principles
- Promoting human right
- Reducing inequalities
11. How should a new Global Partnership for Development be constructed within or around
Achievement of the SDGs should be one of the priorities for new Global
Partnership for Development.
12. Do you have any other observations, ideas or inputs you would like to offer to inform the
initial work of the open working group on sustainable development goals?
Accountability and transparency of government processes must be
considered as crucial in achieving SDGs.