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SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT: A KEY BUILDING BLOCK FOR THE POST 2015 DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK AND SDG'S
• The Rio+20 Outcome Document, The Future We Want, reconfirms the importance of eradication of poverty and the need for sustained, inclusive and equitable growth. It notes that, “transportation and mobility are central to sustainable development” (Par.132-133). It recognizes affordable and sustainable transport is vital to sustainable cities, as well as the need for energy efficiency measures in urban planning, building, and transportation, as part of integrated planning and management (Par.128, 134).
• While unmanaged motorization policies may bring short-lived economic and social gains from additional transport infrastructure, research shows that a large part of these positive benefits are quickly offset by a loss of productivity due to increased congestion, accidents, air pollution and climate change. These cost several points of most countries’ GDP, affecting in particular the most vulnerable and poor.
• Inclusion of sustainable, low carbon transport in the post-2015 development framework and SDGs will stimulate the development of needed enabling policies, regulatory and financing frameworks at the local and national level and support timely implementation of the 17 Rio+20 Voluntary Commitments on Sustainable Transport, including the USD$175 billion decade long commitment by the 8 largest multilateral development banks at Rio+20 for more sustainable, low carbon transport.
WHAT ARE KEY MESSAGES ON TRANSPORT?
• Sustainable Transport enables access to jobs, goods and services that support equitable development while limiting short and long-term adverse environmental, social and economic consequences.
• Achievement of sustainable transport can be realized through “ Avoid-Shift-Improve “(ASI) approach, which aims to: (1) improve access to jobs, goods and services while enabling users to Avoid motorized trips by smarter land use and logistics planning; (2) Shift the transport of goods and persons to the most efficient mode; and (3) Improve the efficiency and environmental performance of transport systems by improved vehicle, fuel, and network operations and management technologies.
• All elements of the ASI Approach have been tested at scale.
• The IEA estimated that global adoption of ASI based policies in the development of transport infrastructure would realize a USD$30 trillion in savings in vehicle and fuel expenditures and a USD$20 trillion in infrastructure savings giving a net savings of USD$50 trillion by 2050.
• The ASI approach provides multiple additional co-benefits and cost savings related to road safety, air pollution, climate change, fuel subsidies removal, universal accessibility and green freight, serving multiple constituencies of civil society and business.
HOW CAN SUSTAINABLE TRANSP[ORT BEST BE INTEGRATED IN THE POST 2015 DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK?
• The MDGs have a strong focus on social development. The post-2015 development framework and any SDGs, should find ways to focus on sustainable transport, along with other key enabling economic sectors like energy and agriculture, as it emphasizes the role of these sectors in poverty alleviation.
• In many countries transport is a larger economic sector than energy. Transport activities go well beyond city borders. Transport has its own institutions, policies and budgets. With these attributes, treating transport as a subsector of energy or cities, as some suggest, will hamper transport sustainability reform.
• In recognition of the importance of transport as an economic activity and its importance in realizing sustainable development, a dedicated sustainable transport SDG is proposed: “Universal Access to Safe, Clean and Affordable Transport,” for which various relevant goals, targets, and indicators are suggested. These should also be reflected where appropriate in other SDGs on energy, cities, health, education, agriculture, etc., given the crosscutting nature of transport. Acknowledging the important contribution of sustainable transport to the post-2015 development agenda and SDGs is also important to raising the profile of transport in ongoing discussions on a new post-2020 global agreement on climate change.
.:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform