Algeria
Voluntary National Review 2019

L’Algérie s’est engagée pleinement et activement dans le processus de négociation et dans les différentes consultations et initiatives portant sur les objectifs de développement durable aux niveaux national, régional et international. Elle s’est jointe naturellement au consensus dégagé pour l’adoption de la plateforme des ODD convaincue de sa pertinence pour placer le développement durable au centre de la vision partagée du monde et du futur de notre planète.

Cette adhésion est un prolongement naturel de l’engagement de l’Algérie en faveur de l’agenda du Millénaire pour le développement en 2000 pour lequel elle a pu enregistrer des résultats significatifs en adaptant ses politiques sectorielles aux prescriptions du développement durable. En effet, l’Algérie a éradiqué la pauvreté extrême, fondé un système inclusif de protection sociale, développé les infrastructures de base et élargi leur accès, généralisé l’enseignement primaire, réduit la mortalité infantile et maternelle répondant ainsi aux besoins vitaux de ses citoyens et hissant leurs préoccupations aux exigences démocratiques et de bonne gouvernance, exprimées aujourd’hui de manière pacifique.

S’appuyant sur ses acquis et armée de cette approche du développement avec ses trois dimensions sociale, économique et environnement, l’Algérie entend saisir l’éveil collectif à de nouvelles aspirations pour réunir les conditions idoines pour atteindre les ODD à l’horizon 2030 en permettant à ses citoyens d’exercer leurs droits politiques fondamentaux nécessaires à l’accomplissement de leur destin national. Aussi, il lui faudra des efforts plus soutenus, un rythme de réalisation plus rapide et des mécanismes de mise en oeuvre plus inclusifs pour s’adapter aux ODD qui couvrent un champ d’intervention plus large.

A cette fin et dès son adoption par la communauté internationale en septembre 2015, l’Algérie s’est appropriée l’Agenda 2030 et afin d’apporter des réponses nationales fortes à la mesure des enjeux qu’il véhicule et des défis qu’il porte, elle a mis en place en 2016 un Comité interministériel de coordination sous l’égide du MAE. Ce dernier rassemble les différents ministères, institutions et organismes nationaux, avec pour missions le suivi et l’évaluation de la mise en oeuvre des ODD en Algérie.

Inscrite dans le cadre des activités de ce Comité, la Revue Nationale Volontaire a été rendue possible grâce aux contributions des départements ministériels impliqués dans la réalisation des ODD. Elle s’est nourrie des consultations avec les élus et les organisations de la société civile et du secteur privé notamment lors des ateliers de sensibilisation aux ODD organisés en partenariat avec le système des Nations-Unies.

Adoptant la méthodologie du manuel des Nations Unies, ce rapport présente les avancées réalisées par l’Algérie dans l’appropriation des ODD, leur intégration dans les programmes nationaux de développement et la mise en place des mécanismes institutionnels et des outils de leur mise en oeuvre. Pour l’évaluation de la mise en oeuvre des ODD et à défaut de pouvoir renseigner de manière exhaustive les indicateurs ODD, le rapport se fonde sur des indicateurs nationaux. Il met, ainsi en relief la problématique, d’une part, de l’insuffisance de données pour la couverture de l’ensemble des indicateurs ODD et, d’autre part, de la lisibilité de certains d’entre eux en l’absence de méthodologie établie à cet effet. Le renseignement de l’ensemble des cibles et la mesure de l’atteinte de certains ODD s’en trouve contrariée.

La RNV périodique permet de constater des signaux évidents d’une mutation sociétale qui allie responsabilité, culture de paix, mixité et pluralité en Algérie. Cette évolution témoigne du processus positif pour l’atteinte de l’agenda 2030. Des résultats tangibles sont enregistrés dans la majorité des ODD notamment ceux qui répondent aux besoins vitaux des citoyens grâce à des investissements publics massifs. La mise en place des dispositifs susceptibles d’améliorer la qualité des services sociaux vise à leur permettre de participer homme-femme à la construction de leur pays en relevant les défis persistants de la diversification économique, des changements climatiques et de la consommation et la production responsable.

L’Algérie participer également à l’atteinte des ODD à l’échelle régionale et internationale à travers la solidarité mondiale dans le cadre de la coopération Sud- Sud à travers, entre autres, la documentation, la formation, le partage et la diffusion des bonnes pratiques dans divers domaines.

Focal point
Mr. Rachid Ouali
Deputy-Head of Department of Scientific and Technical Affairs
Direction Generale des Relations Multilaterales
Ministere des Affaires Etrangeres, El Mouradia
Documents & Reports

National Reports
Report Topics covered Process
National Report - Algeria Rio+20;

Partnerships & Commitments
The below is a listing of all partnership initiatives and voluntary commitments where Algeria is listed as a partner or lead entity in the Partnerships for SDGs online platform
Decrease impacts of ocean acidification

By adopting the new national programs for renewable energy and energy efficiency, Algeria is committed to reducing 9% of its global consumption of energy by 2030. These ambitious programs aim to engage thermal insulation of an important housing program, as well as to convert to liquefied petroleum gas one million of light-duty vehicles and more than 20.000 buses. Algeria, being the largest country in Africa, in the Mediterranean and in the Arab world, has one of the highest solar deposits in the world, estimated to exceed five billion GWh/year. The annual sunshine duration is estimated to ...[more]

Partners
Ministry in charge of Environnement, Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Housing, Ministry of Transport and Ministry of Industry.
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Elaboration of a study in order to establish a marine protected area in Cape Lindles (Province of Oran)

The Algerian Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries commits to prepare a study in order to establish a marine protected area in Cape Lindles in the province of Oran (north west of Algeria). The marine environment of Cap Lindles, with its coastal area of approximately 18 Kilometers, offers an outstanding marine biodiversity and represents a vital zone for key species. Some of these species are threatened (Annex II of the Barcelona Convention, red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature), for example cystoseira, giant patella (patella ferruginae), mother o...[more]

Partners
Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Foster ocean-related education

In line with paragraph 13-e of the "Final Draft Call for Action", calling to support plans to foster ocean-related education, for example as part of education curricula, to promote ocean literacy and a culture of conservation, restoration and sustainable use of our ocean, the Ministry of National Education of Algeria commits to introduce such learning sequences in the three stages of the Algerian education system (primary, secondary and tertiary).

Partners
Ministry of National Education
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
IHO Hydrography Capacity Building Programme for Coastal States

The IHO capacity building programme seeks to assess and advise on how countries can best meet their international obligations and serve their own best interests by providing appropriate hydrographic and nautical charting services. Such services directly support safety of navigation, safety of life at sea, efficient sea transportation and the wider use of the seas and oceans in a sustainable way, including the protection of the marine environment, coastal zone management, fishing, marine resource exploration and exploitation, maritime boundary delimitation, maritime defence and security, and o...[more]

Partners
International Hydrographic Organization (IGO); 87 IHO Member States (Governments); International Maritime Organization (UN); World Meteorological Organization (UN); International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities (NGO)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Knowledge and sustainable management of fisheries resources

This research program of the NCRDFA aims to the improvement of the management and production of Algerian fisheries. It concerns, in the first place, small pelagic, which constitutes the main Algerian fishery and represents up to 80% of the professional fishing landings. This commitment aims to consolidate sectorial databases, in a geo-referenced interface, in order to exploit them and overlay the results the different requests to information layer related to the fishery environment. By this commitment, the Algerian Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries will establish ...[more]

Partners
Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries (National Center of Research and Development of Fisheries and Aquaculture ; and, Fisheries Development Directorate)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Organize regular volunteering campaigns to clean up beaches and coastal marine environment by students

The Algerian Ministry of National Education, in close collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and Renewable Energies, is committed to organizing volunteering campaigns to clean up beaches and coastal marine environment. These campaigns will be conducted by students, together with fishermen, diving clubs and associations working in the field of marine environment. These volunteering campaigns will be organized through the "Green Clubs" established in schools across all parts of Algeria (12,379 to date), with 267,421 students members currently.

Partners
Ministry of National Education and Ministry of Environment and Renewable Energies
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Research strategy related to fisheries and aquaculture for the 2035 horizon

The strategic plan of the National Center of Research and Development of Fisheries and Aquaculture (NCRDFA) serves as a basis for the development of an operational program for the next five years. As such, it represents a dialogue tool between the NCRDFA and its ministerial tutorship (Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries) ; it also aims to strengthen links with the foreign partners. The Government of Algeria, having adopted this strategic plan, will commit resources for it implementation. The plan is a contribution to define and implement pubic policies related to fishe...[more]

Partners
Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries (National Center of Research and Development of Fisheries and Aquaculture) and Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (Directorate-General for Scientific Research and Technological Development)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
School inaugural course entitled "Eco-citizenship: Plastic impacts on the marine environment" for more than nine million students

The impacts of marine debris is a big challenge. These impacts include entanglement and ingestion of marine animals, and they have been identified as a global problem. Plastics typically constitute the most important share of marine litter. As a result, plastic debris causes the deaths of large numbers of seabirds, as well as marine mammals. This problem is amplified in the case of semi-enclosed seas, like the Mediterranean. To face this grave problem, it has been demonstrated that public awareness-raising on plastic pollution and its negative impacts, as well as the social, environmental ...[more]

Partners
Ministry of National Education (Beneficiary) and Ministry in charge of Environment (Partner).
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Updating the National Action Plan to Combat Marine Pollution from Land-based Activities

The Government of Algeria, like the other Mediterranean countries, carried out its first National Action Plan (NAP) in 2003 to combat marine pollution caused by land-based anthropogenic activities. The implementation of this first NAP allowed national authorities to adapt the environment and water legislative, regulatory, institutional and organizational framework, particularly the components relating to waste management, ecosystems preservation, including the coastline; environmental assessment and observation, improved environmental awareness and communication, diversification and optimi...[more]

Partners
Ministry of Environment and Renewable Energy
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
United Nations