Cuba
Voluntary National Review 2021

HIGH-LEVEL POLITICAL FORUM ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT KEY MESSAGES FROM THE VOLUNTARY NATIONAL REPORT
CUBA 2020

For Cuba, compliance with the 2030 Agenda is a state commitment and a national priority.

The National Group for the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda is the institutional mechanism for monitoring the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the country. Partnership building is one of the key factors in the Cuban strategy for meeting the 2030 Agenda. The new Constitution also includes elements that provide legal support to its achievement.

The National Plan for Economic and Social Development until 2030 (PNDES 2030) is aligned to the 17 SDS. The country works to launch its SDP Portal and has the National Communication Campaign: Cuba, Con Paso 2030,which helps to promote the 2030 Agenda and the PNDES.

Public policies prioritize achieving and maintaining important social achievements, under the principle of leaving no one behind.

At a universal and free time to important social services such as salud, integrated into the biotechnological and pharmaceutical industry; ducation, which has helped to form a highlyqualified human capital that aligns the results of science, technologyand innovation in the process ofsustainable development; culture and sport as legitimate rights of people.

Strong institutional capacity to provide a social safety net that considers gender equity, citizen security and tranquility andrespect for rights, with an emphasis on the care of vulnerable individuals and groups.

Agile, effective and universal response in the confrontation with the pandemic,with a social protection system that has helped provide social guarantees for all. The country has five vaccine candidates against COVID-19, all in clinical trial phases, and throughout 2021 vaccine isplanned r to the entire population.

The country strengthens the environmental dimension of sustainable development.

The State Plan for the Confrontation of Climate Change (Life Task)includes actions for environmental protection through the promotion of sustainable consumption and production practices, sustainable management of natural resources and the adoption of mitigation and adaptation measures to ensure physical and food security of society and the most vulnerable settlements.

Disaster risk reduction is a priority for the governing, due to the high degree of environmental vulnerability associated with island country status and its geographical location.

Cuba shares its experiences and good practices and puts them at the service of other nations through South-South and Triangular Cooperation.

Cuba is committed to renewed and strengthened multilateralism, solidarity cooperation and the search for concerted and innovative solutions. He holds a leading position in South-South and Triangular cooperation, cooperating with 170 nations. Prominently, are the brigades of the Henry Reeve medical contingent, specializing in disaster care and serious epidemics.

Cuba's commitment to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda faces significant challenges.

The main obstacle to achieving the 2030 Agenda in Cuba is the economic, trade andf-wide blockade of the United States, with accumulated damage of $147 billion 853.3 million at current prices.

Cuba has recognized as challenges the need to diversify and expand external and internal sources of financing for development, overcome deformations in its productionstructure, technological backwardness and high import depend, domestic food production,as well as the transformation of the energy matrix into a greater share of renewable energy sources.

The country does not renounce the Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible por difficult conditions.

Cuba implements its Economic-Social Strategy to boost the economy and move towards recovery, and works for compliance with the SDGs and PNDES 2030, based on the complementarity of all economic actors. Cuba hasproposed to build asovereign, independent, socialist, democratic, prosperous and sustainable society and buildsitscommitment to sustainable development and a willingness to strengthen effective partnerships that contribute to its achievement.

FORO POLÍTICO DE ALTO NIVEL SOBRE DESARROLLO SOSTENIBLE MENSAJES CLAVE DEL INFORME NACIONAL VOLUNTARIO
CUBA 2020

Para Cuba, el cumplimiento de la Agenda 2030 constituye un compromiso de Estado y una prioridad nacional.

El Grupo Nacional para la Implementación de la Agenda 2030 constituye el mecanismo institucional para el seguimiento de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) en el país. El establecimiento de alianzas es uno de los factores clave de la estrategia cubana para el cumplimiento de la Agenda 2030. La nueva Constitución incluye también elementos que brindan soporte jurídico a su consecución.

El Plan Nacional de Desarrollo Económico y Social hasta 2030 (PNDES 2030) se encuentra alineado a los 17 ODS. El país trabaja para poner en funcionamiento su Portal de los ODS y cuenta con la Campaña Comunicacional Nacional: Cuba, Con Paso 2030, que contribuye a impulsar la Agenda 2030 y el PNDES.

Las políticas públicas priorizan alcanzar y mantener importantes logros sociales, bajo el principio de no dejar a nadie atrás.

Acceso universal y gratuito a importantes servicios sociales como la salud, integrado a la industria biotecnológica y farmacéutica; la educación, que ha contribuido a formar un capital humano altamente calificado que alinea los resultados de la ciencia, la tecnología y la innovación en función del desarrollo sostenible; la cultura y el deporte como derechos legítimos de las personas.

Fuerte capacidad institucional para brindar una red de protección social que considera la equidad de género, la seguridad y tranquilidad ciudadanas y el respeto a los derechos, con énfasis en la atención a las personas y grupos vulnerables.

Respuesta ágil, eficaz y universal en el enfrentamiento a la pandemia, con un sistema de protección social que ha contribuido a brindar garantías sociales para todos. El país cuenta con cinco candidatos vacunales contra la COVID-19, todos en fase de ensayos clínicos, y a lo largo de 2021 se proyecta vacunar a toda la población.

El país fortalece la dimensión ambiental del desarrollo sostenible.

El Plan de Estado para el enfrentamiento al Cambio Climático (Tarea Vida), incluye acciones para la protección del medio ambiente mediante la promoción de prácticas de consumo y producción sostenibles, la gestión sostenible de recursos naturales y la adopción de medidas de mitigación y adaptación que garanticen seguridad física y alimentaria de la sociedad y los asentamientos más vulnerables.

La reducción de riesgos de desastres constituye prioridad para el Gobierno, debido al alto grado de vulnerabilidad ambiental asociado a la condición de país insular y su ubicación geográfica.

Cuba comparte sus experiencias y buenas prácticas y las pone al servicio de otras naciones mediante la Cooperación Sur-Sur y Triangular.

Cuba apuesta por un multilateralismo renovado y fortalecido, por la cooperación solidaria y la búsqueda de soluciones concertadas e innovadoras. Ocupa una posición de liderazgo en la cooperación Sur-Sur y Triangular, cooperando con 170 naciones. En un lugar destacado se sitúan las brigadas del contingente médico Henry Reeve, especializadas en la atención a situaciones de desastres y graves epidemias.

El compromiso de Cuba con la implementación de la Agenda 2030 enfrenta importantes desafíos.

El principal obstáculo para la consecución de la Agenda 2030 en Cuba lo constituye el bloqueo económico, comercial y financiero de los Estados Unidos, con un daño acumulado que alcanza la cifra de 147 mil 853,3 millones de dólares a precios corrientes.

Cuba ha reconocido como desafíos la necesidad de diversificar y ampliar las fuentes de financiamiento externas e internas para el desarrollo, superar las deformaciones en su estructura productiva, el atraso tecnológico y la alta dependencia de las importaciones, la producción nacional de alimentos, así como la transformación de la matriz energética hacia una mayor participación de fuentes renovables de energía.

El país no renuncia a los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenibles por difíciles que sean las condiciones.

Cuba implementa su Estrategia Económico-Social para impulsar la economía y avanzar hacia la recuperación, y trabaja por el cumplimiento de los ODS y el PNDES 2030, sobre la base de la complementariedad de todos los actores económicos. Cuba se ha propuesto construir una sociedad soberana, independiente, socialista, democrática, próspera y sostenible y ratifica su compromiso con el desarrollo sostenible y la voluntad de fortalecer alianzas eficaces que contribuyan a su consecución.

Focal point
Dra. Rosa Elena Simeon Negrin
Ministra
Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnologia y
Medio Ambiente
San Jose, Ciudad de la Habana

Documents & Reports

Partnerships & Commitments
The below is a listing of all partnership initiatives and voluntary commitments where Cuba is listed as a partner or lead entity in the Partnerships for SDGs online platform
Fisheries Conservation in the Wider Caribbean Region through FAO's Western Central Atlantic Fisheries Commission (WECAFC)

The general objective of the Commission is to promote the effective conservation, management and development of the living marine resources of the area of competence of the Commission, in accordance with the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, and address common problems of fisheries management and development faced by members of the Commission. 16 of WECAFC's 35 members are considered small island developing States.

Partners
Member governments: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, France, European Community, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Japan, Korea (Rep. of), Mexico, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Panama, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Spain, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United Kingdom, United S...[more]
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Generation and Delivery of Renewable Energy based Modern Energy Service: the Case of Isla de la Juventud

The overall objective of the project is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by supporting renewable energy technologies based power generation through business models in Cuba and other small island nations that are very sensitive to global warming, as well as adding to the energy security of these nations through reduction in the import of high cost fossil fuels. The project in Isla de la Juventud demonstrates the technical and financial viability of renewable energy based investment business models, and aims at removing the barriers to the development and replication of the renewable energy te...[more]

Partners
GEF, UNEP, UNIDO, CUBAENERGIA (Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, CITMA), GEPROP, Ministerio de Industria Basica (MINBAS), Ministerio del Comercio Exterior y la Inversion Extranjera (MINCEX), Ministerio de Economi­a y Planificacion (MEP), Ministry of Agriculture (MINAGRI), ADEME, private investors
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
IHO Hydrography Capacity Building Programme for Coastal States

The IHO capacity building programme seeks to assess and advise on how countries can best meet their international obligations and serve their own best interests by providing appropriate hydrographic and nautical charting services. Such services directly support safety of navigation, safety of life at sea, efficient sea transportation and the wider use of the seas and oceans in a sustainable way, including the protection of the marine environment, coastal zone management, fishing, marine resource exploration and exploitation, maritime boundary delimitation, maritime defence and security, and o...[more]

Partners
International Hydrographic Organization (IGO); 87 IHO Member States (Governments); International Maritime Organization (UN); World Meteorological Organization (UN); International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities (NGO)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
IWECO - Integrating Water, Land and Ecosystems Management in Caribbean Small Island Developing States

The Integrating Water, Land and Ecosystems Management in Caribbean Small Island Developing States (GEF-IWEco Project) is a five-year multi-focal area regional project that will be financed from (i) country GEF STAR allocations under Land Degradation and Biodiversity portfolios for national interventions and supported by (ii) funding from the GEF International Waters and Sustainable Forest Management portfolios for regional-level actions. A total of ten Caribbean countries will be participating in the project.

Partners
Antigua & Barbuda; Cuba; Barbados; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Jamaica; Saint Kitts & Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; Trinidad & Tobago with the support of GEF, UNEP , UNDP, CARPHA, CAR/RCU
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
United Nations