Monaco
Voluntary National Review 2017

*Originally submitted in French and translated to English by the Secretariat

The Principality of Monaco is a State with many unique features.

These include its size, just 2 km2; its long history, spanning more than seven centuries; its political system, whose stability is epitomized by its princes; its population, within which its own nationals are a minority; and its geographic location, perched on the Mediterranean coast.

This unique situation has long made Monaco a special player in the world, able to engage in the promotion of worthy causes, stimulate dialogue and take action beyond merely pursuing its national interest.

More than 100 years ago, Prince Albert I was one of the great minds of his time. A renowned oceanographer, fearless humanist and defender of the seas, he founded the Institut international de la paix, a precursor of the United Nations.

Since his accession to the throne in 2005, His Serene Highness Prince Albert II has continued this tradition, dedicating himself and rallying the support of his people, guiding his Government and administration, and uniting non-governmental organizations and economic institutions in support of sustainable development, which is essential in order to reconcile the requirements of human advancement with the needs of the natural world.

Sustainable development is an overriding priority in a world torn apart by numerous crises that are inextricably linked. Climate change is the result of a short-term economic model based on plundering natural resources. It directly contributes to the destabilization of the most vulnerable communities by destroying their way of life, harming their health and heightening tensions over natural resources.

The same is true for the major ills faced by our planet, which are all the result of a form of development that hurts the weakest and that will eventually endanger the whole of humankind.

In order to resolve these contradictions, we need to muster the support of all individuals. Accordingly, the Principality of Monaco has decided to commit itself at all levels.

First of all, Monaco has made commitments at the local level, with the implementation of policies aimed at promoting energy transition and soft mobility, introducing an effective social model and protecting the environment, in particular the marine environment, of the Principality.

It has also made international commitments, providing aid for the least developed countries aimed at addressing key issues such as health, education, empowerment and gender parity under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. At present, the Principality provides the equivalent of 500 euros per capita in official development assistance.

The Principality is also committed to diplomatic engagement in multilateral bodies. His Serene Highness Prince Albert II, who embodies this engagement, has attended every meeting on climate change since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992. He participated actively in the twenty-first and twenty-second sessions of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, contributing in particular to the organization of meetings on the oceans. At the United Nations, he was involved in drawing up Sustainable Development Goal 14 and in the negotiations on high-seas biodiversity. Lastly, together with his foundation, the Prince was behind the draft report on oceans and the cryosphere of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which was launched in Monaco in 2016.

The Principality of Monaco is well aware, because of its size and its openness, that States cannot achieve everything alone. They need their actions to be leveraged by civil society. That is why, following in the footsteps of Prince Albert I, founder of the Oceanographic Institute in Paris and the Oceanographic Museum of Monaco, His Serene Highness Prince Albert II established a foundation in his own name. Since its establishment 11 years ago, the foundation has carried out close to 400 projects around the world relating to climate change, biodiversity and water. The foundation, which is partly funded from public resources, contributes directly to the Principality’s efforts to promote sustainable development.

The commitment of His Serene Highness Prince Albert II, like that of his great-great-grandfather, is based on a partnership with the scientific community, which sees Monaco as a welcoming and supportive partner.

The Principality of Monaco is wholly committed to sustainable development, as evidenced by the range of flexible and inclusive measures taken and its mobilization efforts, which have become an intrinsic part of its identity.

La Principauté de Monaco est un Etat aux nombreuses singularités.

Elles tiennent : à sa taille – 2 km², à son histoire, longue de plus de sept siècles, à son régime politique, dont la stabilité est incarnée par ses Princes, à sa population – dans laquelle les nationaux sont minoritaires - et à sa géographie, perchée sur les rives de la mer Méditerranée.

Cette situation exceptionnelle a depuis longtemps fait de Monaco un acteur à part dans le monde – capable de s’engager au service de grandes causes, de susciter le dialogue et de se mobiliser en dehors de la poursuite d’intérêts nationaux.

Il y a plus de cent ans, le Prince Albert Ier fut ainsi l’un des grands esprits de son temps, océanographe reconnu et humaniste audacieux, défenseur des mers et fondateur de l’Institut international de la paix, préfiguration de l’ONU.

Depuis Son accession au trône en 2005, S.A.S. le Prince Albert II poursuit cette tradition, en Se mobilisant et en mobilisant les forces vives de la Principauté, en fixant les orientations de Son Gouvernement et de Son administration, et en fédérant ONG et entités économiques au service du développement durable, indispensable réconciliation des exigences du progrès humain et des impératifs de la nature.

C’est une priorité absolue, dans un monde aujourd’hui déchiré par de nombreuses crises, qui sont indissociablement liées. Le changement climatique est ainsi le résultat d’un modèle économique court-termiste, fondé sur la prédation des ressources de la nature. Il contribue directement à la fragilisation des populations les plus vulnérables, en détruisant leur cadre de vie, en menaçant leur santé et en aiguisant les tensions autour des ressources naturelles.

Il en est de même pour les principaux maux dont souffre notre Planète, qui tous suivent la même logique : celle d’un développement meurtrissant les plus faibles et menaçant à terme toute l’humanité. Pour sortir de ces contradictions, la mobilisation de chacun est nécessaire. C’est pourquoi la Principauté de Monaco fait le choix d’un engagement à tous les niveaux. Il s’agit d’abord d’un engagement local, avec des politiques favorisant la transition énergétique et la mobilité douce, un modèle social particulièrement efficace, et la préservation de l’environnement, notamment marin, de la Principauté.

Il s’agit également d’un engagement international, par une coopération centrée sur les pays les moins avancés et les problématiques vitales que sont la santé, l’éducation, l’autonomisation et la parité hommes/femmes, dans le cadre notamment du programme 2030. Aujourd’hui, l’aide publique au développement de la Principauté représente 500€ par habitant.

Il s’agit aussi d’un engagement diplomatique dans les enceintes multilatérales. Présent à tous les rendez-vous consacrés au climat depuis le sommet de Rio en 1992, S.A.S. le Prince Albert II porte personnellement cet engagement, Lui qui a activement participé à la COP 21 et à la COP 22, contribuant notamment à l’organisation de sessions consacrées aux océans, Lui qui s’est investi à l’ONU dans l’élaboration de l’ODD 14 et dans les négociations sur la biodiversité en haute mer, Lui enfin qui a été à l’origine, avec Sa Fondation, du rapport intermédiaire du GIEC sur les océans et la cryosphère dont le lancement a eu lieu à Monaco en 2016.

Car la Principauté de Monaco, du fait notamment de sa taille et de son ouverture, sait que les Etats seuls ne peuvent pas tout. Ils ont besoin que leur action soit démultipliée par les sociétés civiles. C’est pourquoi, dans la lignée du Prince Albert Ier, Fondateur de l’Institut océanographique de Paris et du Musée océanographique de Monaco, S.A.S. le Prince Albert II a créé la Fondation qui porte Son nom. En onze ans d’existence, elle a conduit près de 400 projets à travers le monde, dans les domaines du changement climatique, de la biodiversité et de l’eau. En partie financée par des ressources publiques, elle contribue directement à l’action de la Principauté en faveur du développement durable.

Comme celui de Son trisaïeul, cet engagement de S.A.S. le Prince Albert II se fonde enfin sur un partenariat avec la communauté scientifique, qui sait pouvoir trouver à Monaco accueil et soutien. C’est ainsi, par une action souple, diversifiée et inclusive, et par une mobilisation désormais intrinsèquement liée à son identité, que la Principauté de Monaco s’engage de toutes ses forces pour le développement durable.
Focal point


Documents & Reports

Partnerships & Commitments
The below is a listing of all partnership initiatives and voluntary commitments where Monaco is listed as a partner or lead entity in the Partnerships for SDGs online platform
An innovative financial mechanism to support the effective management of MPAs in the Mediterranean basin; a public-private commitment in a regional approach for local beneficiaries.

For decades Monaco has been committed to protect marine ecosystems especially in the Mediterranean region. In 1976, on the initiative of the Prince of Monaco, the first marine reserve of the Principality was created in the Larvotto area (33 hectares) to protect its rich ecosystem, and namely its Posidonia beds, followed in 1986 by the second marine reserve established to preserve the corallogenic wall of the Spelugues. For more than 40 years, Monaco has been active in managing these two urban and small scale MPAs, in order to offer a natural laboratory to the academic structures. The Pe...[more]

Partners
Governments of Monaco, France, Tunisia, Morocco, Albania ; Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation, Association for Sustainable Financing of Mediterranean MPAs and 5 Mediterranean regional organizations (Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas, MedPAN, WWF-Mediterranean, IUCN Med, and the French Conservatoire du Littoral
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Connecting and Protecting Our Seas: Initiatives in the Baltic and the Mediterranean

Sweden and Monaco share a deep commitment to the preservation of our oceans a well as a clear intention to support the implementation of sustainable development goal number 14 of the Agenda 2030 - SDG14. The two countries also have a strong will to engage government agencies, academia, companies and civil societies in these efforts as a broad approach has proven to be key to success. By organizing a follow-up event to The Ocean Conference in New York in June 2017, Sweden and Monaco wish to join forces in moving from words to deeds in facilitating the exchange of experiences and know-how in d...[more]

Partners
The governments of Sweden and Monaco , The Prince Albert II Foundation, The Stockholm Resilience Centre, University of Stockholm, Race for the Baltic, Centre Scientifique de Monaco, WHO Collaborating Centre for Health and Sustainable Development, Monaco
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
IHO Hydrography Capacity Building Programme for Coastal States

The IHO capacity building programme seeks to assess and advise on how countries can best meet their international obligations and serve their own best interests by providing appropriate hydrographic and nautical charting services. Such services directly support safety of navigation, safety of life at sea, efficient sea transportation and the wider use of the seas and oceans in a sustainable way, including the protection of the marine environment, coastal zone management, fishing, marine resource exploration and exploitation, maritime boundary delimitation, maritime defence and security, and o...[more]

Partners
International Hydrographic Organization (IGO); 87 IHO Member States (Governments); International Maritime Organization (UN); World Meteorological Organization (UN); International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities (NGO)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Mangrove Restoration in the Coastal Villages of Matafa'a

The partnership between the Government of the Principality of Monaco and Ole Siosiomaga Society and the villages targeted has assisted in the cumulative efforts of OLSSI and other partners in further raising the understanding and awareness of the targeted coastal villages on the value of conservation, rehabilitation, restoration, and sustainable use of coastal mangrove areas and resources emanated from these key ecosystems. For a small island developing states such as Samoa, the mangrove wetlands only account for about 0.7% of the total land area and continue to decline despite the numerous be...[more]

Partners
Falese'ela Village in the District and Bay of Lefaga. O le Siosiomaga Society Incoporated (OLSSi)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Monaco will plead in favor of the protection of the Angelshark (Squatina squatina) at CMS CoP 12 (Manila, 23-28 October 2017)

Monaco is campaigning for the inclusion of the Angelshark, Squatina squatina, in annexes I and II of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS), at its 12th Conference of Parties, to be held in Manila, from 23rd until 28th October 2017. The Angelshark family (Squatinidae) has been identified as the second most threatened family of sharks and rays worldwide, in particular the S. squatina, which is listed as Critically Endangered by the IUCN since 2006. The main threats to this species are bycatch in coastal fisheries, unrestricted recreational angling, t...[more]

Partners
The Secretariat of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Monacos contribution to the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) Strategy towards the sustainability of the Mediterranean and Black Sea fisheries (2017-2020)

Monaco supports the GFCM measures to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. In this respect, the commitment of Monaco for this four years agreed period aims to support the GFCM activities to curb IUU fishing. For the period 2017-2020, Monaco supports: - The celebration of an International Day for the fight against IUU fishing; - The Port State Measures Agreement to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing; - The GFCM Secretariat in IUU fishing international meetings; - IUU ...[more]

Partners
General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Partnership with the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) to Strengthen resilience to Ocean Acidification

Ocean acidification is directly caused by climate change and represents a direct threat to the marine resources such as coral reefs and sea shells. It also has direct and indirect impacts on Pacific island coastal and pelagic ecosystems. The SPREP assists countries in developing national adaptation plans and other climate change policies, and is dedicated to coordinate the regions response to climate change. For that purpose Monaco supports SPREP to build coastal communities resilience to ocean acidification through the Pacific Partnership on Ocean Acidification project. Monaco commits...[more]

Partners
Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Reduction of plastic waste in the marine environment through Plastic bags ban measures.

More than 200kg of plastic waste is dumped into the worlds oceans and seas every second, according to the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). Studies show that about 80% of marine debris are plastics. This calls for urgent measures. Since June 1st 2016, the distribution (free of charge or for a fee) of single-use plastic bags, of a thickness of less than 50 microns and a volume of less than 25 liters and of oxo-fragmentable plastic bags is prohibited. On January 1st 2017, all other disposable bags intended for goods packaging at a retailer, which are not compostable and not compos...[more]

Partners
Government, town hall (other relevant actor : local authority), Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation (Non-governmental organization), merchant union (Private sector)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Support scientific research at sea

Under the High Patronage of His Serene Highness Prince Albert II of Monaco, Monaco Explorations intend to revive the Principalitys long-standing tradition of exploration at sea. Marine research, discovery, better understanding, awareness raising, as well concrete actions will all be major outcomes of this initiative. It will consist of a three-year circumnavigation of the worlds Ocean on a versatile environment-friendly transoceanic marine research vessel, called Yersin. It offers optimal travel, research, teaching and educational capacities. This endeavor will consist of 15 Missions aro...[more]

Partners
The Princely government of Monaco (government), the Scienti>c Center of Monaco (non governmental organization ?), the oceanographic institute (non governmental organization), Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation (non governmental organization), The Yacht club of Monaco (non governmental organization), the Yersin (private sector), SSI (private sector), Monaco Telecom (private sector)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Support to the Institut de la Francophonie pour le dveloppement durable (IFDD), subsidiary body of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie

Monaco supports the program entitled Initiative de la Francophonie for Sustainable Tourism in Small Islands Developing States The program is developed for pilot countries sharing the same sustainable objectives, i.e. Cabo Verde, Comores, Dominican Republic, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Madagascar, Mauritius, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, Saint Lucia and Vanuatu. Within the framework of a multi-stakeholder approach, the Institut de la Francophonie pour le dveloppement durable (IFDD) contributes to the definition of sustainable tourism norms enabling those countries to benefit from tourism...[more]

Partners
Institut de la Francophonie pour le dveloppement durable (IFDD)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
United Nations