The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development came as a result of international efforts to find solutions to existing challenges. Turkmenistan actively participated in formulation of the sustainable development goals and was among the first states to officially adopt all 17 SDGs and mainstream them into the national development plans and strategies.
We see the preparation of our first Voluntary National Review (VNR) as an important part of follow-up and review process, but also as an opportunity to strengthen national policies to achieve sustainable development. The 2030 Agenda is country's main strategy, which will enable both deepening the social orientation of existing national policies and achieving country’s balanced development in three dimensions - social, economic and environmental. Given the indivisibility of SDGs, Turkmenistan applies an integrated approach to their implementation, as reflected in the VNR report.
Since the adoption of SDGs, Turkmenistan has achieved significant progress in its social policy, began the market transformations, and stepped up climate change adaptation and mitigation measures. The positive results in providing the population with affordable and high-quality medical services and education are being maintained; while the reforms continue aimed at improving healthcare and education systems. Country has embarked upon the development of market relations, which is accompanied with the continuation of the socially-oriented economic growth and greening of economic sectors, rational use of natural resources and effective adaptation to climate change. At the same time, special attention is being given to inclusivity of national reforms, and ensuring equal opportunities and full participation of women in economic, political and cultural life of the country.
A Working Group comprised of Deputy Heads of ministries and government agencies, civil society organizations and academia, was established to oversee the SDG implementation and monitoring and their further integration into national, sectoral and regional development programmes. The VNR report preparation ensured full participation of all stakeholders leaving no one behind; it reflects the vision of public and civil society organizations, private sector and youth, and represents the cooperation results between Turkmenistan and the UN system.
The preparation of the VNR report offered an opportunity to look anew at the measures being undertaken in Turkmenistan, and identify the steps forward in further implementation of SDGs:
Turkmenistan’s initiatives aimed at consolidating international efforts to addressing the major issues of the global agenda cannot be implemented single-handedly - they require an active engagement of international community, along with technical assistance and investments from international organizations and multilateral banks.
Interregional energy dialogue under UN auspices aimed at reliability and security of hydrocarbons supply to international markets as an essential component of sustainable development, including addressing the environmental risks. Source: Government of Turkmenistan - Ministry of Environmental Protection Turkmenistan considers the reliability and security of hydrocarbons supply to international markets as an essential component of sustainable development, including addressing the environmental risks. In this regard, Turkmenistan has proposed in the UN to begin the development of the universal m...[more]
Turkmenistan proposes to establish, in cooperation with the UN, a specialized body Regional Center to address issues related to climate change. It is recommended that the Headquarters of the Center be established in Ashgabat. We are willing to provide the entire necessary infrastructure for its functioning. Source: Government of Turkmenistan - Ministry of Environmental Protection Turkmenistan believes that in the context of the closer multilateral cooperation the establishment of a system of mechanisms in this area could be started. In this regard, Turkmenistan proposes to establish, in cooper...[more]
Caspian Environment Forum - a permanent platform for addressing environmental issues of the Caspian Sea Basin Source: Government of Turkmenistan - Ministry of Environmental Protection Question, which goes far beyond regional boundaries is the environmental issues of the Caspian Sea. Turkmenistan convinced of the need for more concrete impetus of the international efforts to save the unique natural resources of the sea. In this regard, country proposes to organize a Caspian Environment Forum - a permanent platform for addressing environmental issues of the Caspian Sea Basin and to develop relev...[more]
Within the large-scale national program "Green Belt" 50 million trees have been planted in Turkmenistan to create green belts around cities using advanced water-saving irrigation methods Source: Government of Turkmenistan - Ministry of Environmental Protection
Nowadays Turkmenistan is taking in focus the following national programs and international initiatives to meet sustainable development goals on regional and international arena: National Program "Green Belt"; National Authority on Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) in the form of an inter-agency state commission; National Strategy on Climate Change; coordination of activities on climate change in the region under decision adopted in June 2007 and November 2008 by the Central Asian Interstate Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD); national programs aimed at addressing human needs, optimizi...[more]