Division Chief for Sustainable Development and Multilateral Affairs
Office of Environmental Policy
Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs
U.S. Department of State
|Full Report||CSD-18; CSD-19;|
|Sustainable Consumption & Production Patterns||CSD-18; CSD-19;|
|Waste Management||CSD-18; CSD-19;|
|Full Report||CSD-16; CSD-17;|
|Other information||CSD-14; CSD-15;|
|Country Profile 2002|
|Pre-WSSD National Report|
The 10YFP Sustainable Food Systems Programme (SFS Programme) is a global multi-stakeholder initiative to accelerate the shift towards more sustainable food systems, all along the food value chain, from farm to fork. Among its focus themes are the promotion of sustainable diets; the reduction of food losses and waste; and strengthening resilient and diverse food production systems. The SFS Programme promotes activities that fall under these topics, in the areas of awareness raising, capacity development as well as facilitating access to knowledge, information and tools. The SFS Programme is one...[more]
A Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) ensures that the public benefits of renewable energy, such as wind and solar, continue to be recognized as electricity markets become more competitive. It requires companies that sell electricity to retail customers to support renewable energy generation. Source: State Energy Conservation Office When Texas produced its first Renewable Portfolio Standard as part of the state's electricity industry restructuring legislation in 1999 (Senate Bill 7), it mandated the construction of certain amounts of renewable energy and prompted the renewable energy industry ...[more]
The Aloha+ Challenge is a shared statewide leadership commitment to build a more secure, sustainable and resilient future for Hawaiʻi by achieving six sustainability targets by 2030, which include: 1. Clean Energy: 70 percent clean energy – 40 percent from renewables and 30 percent from efficiency. 2. Local Food: At least double local food production – 20 to 30 percent of food consumed is grown locally.3. Natural Resource Management: Reverse the trend of natural resource loss mauka to makai by increasing freshwater security, watershed protection, community-based marine manageme...[more]
Big Ocean members have identified three primary aims for the network. - LEARNING: To share information and experience that will improve large-scale MPA management practice;- KNOWLEDGE: To collaboratively analyze large-scale MPAs in order to increase the conservation community's knowledge and understanding of the unique challenges and needs associated with marine protection at a large-scale; and- COMMUNICATION: To enable communication between managers, management teams, and supporting partner staff among all member sites, as well as to provide member sites with a vehicle through which their lea...[more]
The Bridge Initiative envisions a world where all youth are active participants of the social and economic development through relevant education and decent work. To achieve this, we will focus on Sub-Saharan African countries, starting with the Democratic Republic of Congo, by conducting research projects on the skills, education and opportunity gaps dividing youth from the job market. Evidence-based interventions will then be implemented in the form of training and education opportunities, skills development on workplace behaviors and entrepreneurship, and volunteer and internships placement...[more]
The best opportunity to slow the rate of near-term warming globally and in sensitive regions such as the Arctic is by cutting emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) – most notably methane, black carbon and some hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). Widespread reductions, which complement the need for aggressive global action on carbon dioxide, contribute significantly to the goal of limiting warming to less than two degrees. Reducing SLCPs can also advance national priorities such as protecting air quality and public health, promoting food security, enhancing energy efficiency, and alleviat...[more]
The Coca-Cola Company (TCCC) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) have created a unique partnership to address community water needs in developing countries around the world. In conjunction with local USAID Missions and Coca-Cola system partners (foundations and bottling facilities), and with support from the Global Environment and Technology Foundation (GETF), the Water and Development Alliance (WADA) has committed $14.3 million (2005-2010) thus far to achieve the following objectives in countries where both partners work: - Establish participatory, sustainable managemen...[more]
Passenger vehicles contribute about 20 percent of all U.S. carbon dioxide emissions, so increasing fuel efficiency helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US First enacted by Congress in 1975, the purpose of CAFE is to reduce energy consumption by increasing the fuel economy of cars and light trucks. NHTSA administers the CAFE program, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) provides the fuel economy data. NHTSA sets fuel economy standards for cars and light trucks sold in the U.S. while EPA calculates the average fuel economy for ...[more]
Evolving from the Green Suppliers Network, the E3 Initiative is a coordinated federal and local technical assistance initiative to help manufacturers adapt and thrive in a new business era focused on sustainability. Source: UNCSD Secretariat (2010) Questionnaire for the Member States on Experiences, Success Factors, Risks and Challenges with Regard to Objective and Themes of UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) The Cleaner Production/Community Initiative: Economy, Energy, and Environment (E3) Program is a coordinated U.S. federal and local technical assistance initiative that helps...[more]
Energy Star is a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy dedicated to helping individuals protect the environment through superior energy efficiency. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy Energy Star is the national symbol of energy efficiency. with the help of ENERGY STAR, Americans saved enough energy in 2010 alone to avoid greenhouse gas emissions equivalent to those from 33 million cars -all while saving nearly $18 billion on their utility bills.
The Environmental Workforce Development and Job Training Grants (EWDJT) help residents take advantage of the jobs created by the management, assessment, cleanup, and revitalization of solid and hazardous waste sites in their communities. Source: UNCSD Secretariat (2010) Questionnaire for the Member States on Experiences, Success Factors, Risks and Challenges with Regard to Objective and Themes of UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) Environmental Workforce Development and Job Training Grants (EWDJT) provide local residents of communities historically impacted by brownfields and oth...[more]
The commitment objective is to rapidly establish an effective local-knowledge-based global oceans surveillance system for detecting, measuring, understanding environmental change across scales, and to enable the development of scale-relevant solutions such as social-ecological adaptation actions. The LEO Network, found at leonetwork.org is an online and app-based platform, created in 2008 and implemented in Alaska since 2012, for sharing observations of unusual environmental change, developing knowledge collaborations between observers and other experts, documenting these observations des...[more]
The Evergreen Cooperative Initiative of Cleveland, Ohio, is an initiative launched to build capacity in Cleveland's low income areas. Source: World Resources Institute (2011) A Compilation of Green Economy Policies, Programs, and Initiatives from Around the World. The Green Economy in Practice: Interactive Workshop 1, February 11th, 2011 The Evergreen Cooperative Initiative of Cleveland, Ohio, is an initiative launched to build capacity in Cleveland's low income areas. The Initiative is a partnership between the residents of six neighborhoods and some of Cleveland's most important anchor inst...[more]
The general objective of the Commission is to promote the effective conservation, management and development of the living marine resources of the area of competence of the Commission, in accordance with the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, and address common problems of fisheries management and development faced by members of the Commission. 16 of WECAFC's 35 members are considered small island developing States.
In 1995, the International Coral Reef Initiaitve called on many nations to commit to increasing research and monitoring of coral reefs in order to provide the data needed to inform policies of nations to sustain coral reefs and to strengthen management. Global reef monitoring was a major theme when ICRI was launched during the United Nations Global Conference on Sustainable Development of Small Islands Developing States in Barbados in 1994. It was during this time that the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network (GCRMN) was established to support ICRI’s Call to Action and Framework for Action.Tod...[more]
Reduce pollutants from sea and land-based activities, including litter, harmful substances and nutrients from wastewater, industrial and agricultural runoff entering the world's oceans. All countries would have set relevant national targets for nutrient loadings, marine litter reduction and wastewater discharges . The planning of strategies for achieving these targets would have been commenced, through processes such as Regional Seas Action Plans and through functioning Global Partnerships on Marine Litter, Nutrients, and Wastewater Management.
Implement a resolution to global warming and north/south wealth gap through the Green Power Fund.
In 2006, the state of California established a greenhouse gas emissions target for 2020. The legislation aims to improve energy efficiency and increase cost savings for California households. Creation of green jobs, reduced greenhouse gas emissions as well as increased investment in clean tech are expected. Source: World Resources Institute (2011) A Compilation of Green Economy Policies, Programs, and Initiatives from Around the World. The Green Economy in Practice: Interactive Workshop 1, February 11th, 2011 Assembly Bill 32 (AB32), or the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, mandates that C...[more]
The GW2I is a multi-stakeholder platform which is comprised of UN agencies, international organizations, governments, scientists, private sectors, industries and Major groups and stakeholders to provide the foundations (including information, tools and policy mechanisms) for partnerships to initiate comprehensive, effective and sustained programmes addressing wastewater management.
The Green Capacity Building grant program is intended to build the green training capacity of current Department of Labor grantees. Source: United States Department of Labor Green Capacity Building Grants will support capacity building for organizations to provide training for entry-level positions leading to career pathways in the energy efficiency and renewable energy industries. The grants will help individuals acquire the skills needed to enter and advance in green industries and occupations by building the capacity of active Department of Labor-funded training programs, particularly for y...[more]
The goals of this executive order was to implement environmentally-friendly practices in the government offices. Source: UNCSD Secretariat (2010) Questionnaire for the Member States on Experiences, Success Factors, Risks and Challenges with Regard to Objective and Themes of UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) The President?s Executive Order 13514, Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance, emphasizes the importance of sustainability and requires U.S. Federal agencies to meet a number of energy, water, and waste reduction targets, including 50% recycling...[more]
The IHO capacity building programme seeks to assess and advise on how countries can best meet their international obligations and serve their own best interests by providing appropriate hydrographic and nautical charting services. Such services directly support safety of navigation, safety of life at sea, efficient sea transportation and the wider use of the seas and oceans in a sustainable way, including the protection of the marine environment, coastal zone management, fishing, marine resource exploration and exploitation, maritime boundary delimitation, maritime defence and security, and o...[more]
Improves the care of people living with HIV/AIDS in heavily affected countries by increasing the capacity for training of HIV/AIDS care providers, including physicians, nurses, clinical administrators, and other key personnel. The IAETP enhances training capacity in the areas of diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of HIV disease, including the prevention of perinatal transmission and the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections, including TB. The IAETP also develops training and provides technical assistance on the planning, design, and management of regional or national HIV/AIDS ...[more]
The International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement (INECE) is a partnership of government and non-government enforcement and compliance practitioners from more than 150 countries. The INECE mission is to contribute to a healthy and clean environment, sustainable use of natural resources and the protection of ecosystem integrity through effective compliance and enforcement of environmental laws using regulatory and non-regulatory approaches. Source: The Network is comprised of more than 4,000 members from international organizations, governmental agencies, and non-governmen...[more]
IRENA has developed the SIDS Lighthouses Initiative to support the strategic deployment of renewable energy in SIDS, to bring clarity to policy makers regarding the required steps, and to enable targeted action. As a joint effort of SIDS and development partners, this framework for action will assist in transforming SIDS energy systems through the establishment of the enabling conditions for a renewable energy-based future, by moving away from developing projects in isolation to a holistic approach that considers all relevant elements spanning from policy and market frameworks, through technol...[more]
In January 2007, California adopted a Low-Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) that requires a 10 percent decrease in the carbon intensity of California's transportation fuels by 2020. Source: The California Energy Commission Under the LCFS, fuel providers are required to track the life cycle global warming intensity (GWI) of their products, measured on a per-unit-energy basis, and reduce this value over time. This first-in-the-world greenhouse gas (GHG) standard for transportation fuels will spark research in alternatives to oil and reduce GHG emissions.
Building on the partnership efforts at the WSSD, the United States expanded its existing NetMark Program, making it an expansive and cutting edge model for achieving public health objectives through joint investment with the commercial sector. What was originally a 5 year, $15.4 million program designed to create sustainable commercial markets for insecticide-treated mosquito nets in four countries, became an eight year, $65.4 million program with a much broader goals. NetMark Plus is USAID's primary mechanism to support the Roll Back Malaria Partnership in achieving its goals of making high q...[more]
The Open SDGs Engagement Platform will allow access to new and existing sources of data and information and help to identify and address requirements for dis-aggregated indicators. It will also help foster new ideas and strengthen a data-driven dialogue to support required institutional arrangements and capacity building interventions. This overall effort represents the partnership between private and public, Esri and new and existing actors to support data-driven decision-making by initiating more open, new, and usable data to help end extreme poverty, combat climate change, and ensure a heal...[more]
The Partnership's objective is to strengthen and coordinate the necessary capacity and expertise to support Pacific SIDS to significantly progress the prevention and control of NCDs in order to meet the globally agreed NCD targets, in particular through: 1.Advocating for the necessary political will, adequate institutional support and resources to underpin country level development outcomes that have effectively integrated NCD prevention and control considerations; 2.Using the Pacific NCD Roadmap as a key document guiding the NCD support provided by existing partners. 3.Strengthening their s...[more]
PRiMO (Pacific Risk Management 'Ohana) is a consortium of local, national, and regional agencies, institutions, and organizations committed to bringing its network together with stakeholders to focus on building and enhancing resilience of Pacific communities to hazards. Through PRiMO, network partners collaboratively work to improve development, delivery, and application of risk management information, products, and services for Pacific communities within the context of the unique physical and cultural characteristics of the region. PRiMOâ€™s partners include agencies and organizations (inclu...[more]
In 2007 New York City released PlaNYC, its far-reaching sustainability plan including 127 policy initiatives to achieve ten overarching goals to improve the infrastructure, environment, and quality of life in the city. Source: World Resources Institute (2011) A Compilation of Green Economy Policies, Programs, and Initiatives from Around the World. The Green Economy in Practice: Interactive Workshop 1, February 11th, 2011 On Earth Day 2007 New York City released PlaNYC, its far-reaching sustainability plan that includes 127 policy initiatives to achieve ten overarching goals to improve the in...[more]
The renewable electricity production tax credit (PTC) is a per kilowatt-hour (kWh) federal tax credit included under Section 45 of the U.S. tax code for electricity generated by qualified energy resources. Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency The PTC provides a corporate tax credit of 1.1 cents/kWh for landfill gas, open-loop biomass, municipal solid waste resources, qualified hydropower, and marine and hydrokinetic (150 kW or larger). Electricity from wind, closed-loop biomass, and geothermal resources receive 2.2 cents/kWh. Projects that receive other government grants or su...[more]
EPA's Responsible Appliance Disposal (RAD) Program is a voluntary partnership program that began in 2006 to help protect the ozone layer and reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. As part of the RAD program, partners recover ozone-depleting chemicals from old refrigerators, freezers, window air conditioners, and dehumidifiers. Source: UNCSD Secretariat (2010) Questionnaire for the Member States on Experiences, Success Factors, Risks and Challenges with Regard to Objective and Themes of UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) As part of the program, EPA serves as a technical clearinghou...[more]
The main objective of this partnership is to reduce diarrheal diseases in children under 5 years old and other vulnerable populations through provision of locally-produced water disinfectant, safe water storage containers, and behavior change techniques directed towards improved hygiene. The goal of providing piped, treated water for all is desirable, but will take considerable resources and time to achieve. While this goal is being pursued, innovative, practical, interim solutions are needed to provide underserved populations with safe water in a more timely fashion. To address this need, t...[more]
As part of a larger "Green Vision", the city's Clean Tech Strategy has set a goal by 2022 of creating 25,000 clean tech jobs from its current total of about 4,000 jobs in the clean tech sector. This strategy intends to leverage the region's easy access to venture funding, highly skilled engineers and entrepreneurs, world-class research institutions, supportive government policies, and technology incubators like San Jose's Environmental Business Cluster Source: Shanghai Manual: A Guide for Sustainable Urban Development in the 21st Century (2010) The San Jose clean technology strategy uses tra...[more]
Saving Mothers, Giving Life (SMGL) is a five-year initiative to rapidly reduce maternal and newborn mortality in low-resource, high-burden sub-Saharan Africa countries. Launched by Secretary of State Clinton in 2012, this public-private partnership strengthens health services by increasing demand, facilitating access to quality, lifesaving care for the most vulnerable women, and strengthening health systems at the district level. The initiative was given the ambitious goals of reducing maternal mortality by 50% and perinatal morality by 30% in 8 pilot districts in Uganda and Zambia, and then s...[more]
SIDS Youth AIMS Hub (SYAH) is a youth-led non-governmental organisation focused on advancing and implementing youth-led sustainable development in Small Island Developing States (SIDS) found in the Atlantic, Indian Ocean, Mediterranean, and South China Sea (AIMS) region. Owing to the geographical dispersion of SIDS within the AIMS region, lack of access to youth funding, and the common need to set up an entity that will enable SIDS youth within the AIMS region to collaborate on addressing common needs, the youth participants of the My World, My SIDS AIMS Regional Youth Meeting organized by UNE...[more]
In 2004, EPA launched its SmartWay Transport Partnership which is an innovative brand that represents environmentally cleaner, more fuel efficient transportation options. Source: US EPA The SmartWay Transport Partnership is a public-private partnership that uses market mechanisms to improve energy efficiency in the goods movement sector. The Partnership has accelerated the adoption of advanced technologies and operational practices that save fuel, save money and reduce emissions from freight operations. SmartWay partners include trucking companies, shippers, logistics providers, and rail carri...[more]
In 2013 Sustainable Travel International saw an opportunity to bring individual destinations together in an effort to collaboratively address the challenges of climate vulnerability, environmental degradation, and reliance on tourism - to be known as the Sustainable Destination Alliance for the Americas (SDAA). The SDAA shows how sustainably managed tourism can be efficiently scaled at a hemispheric level while improving lives and protecting the environment.
In recognition of the increasing role diasporas are playing in addressing global challenges, the International diaspora Engagement Alliance (IdEA) is launching the Sustainable diaspora Goals (SdG) Challenge, an initiative dedicated to scaling up diaspora-focused or diaspora-driven partnerships and activities that are positioned to address the UN Sustainable Development Goals. The Sustainable Development Goals are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity.
The Sustainable Skylines Program is designed to use air quality regulatory needs, climate action goals and other local environmental priorities as the catalyst for integrated sustainability actions. Source: UNCSD Secretariat (2010) Questionnaire for the Member States on Experiences, Success Factors, Risks and Challenges with Regard to Objective and Themes of UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) The Sustainable Skylines Initiative (SSI) is a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) program designed to use air quality regulatory needs, climate action goals and other local environ...[more]
The state Economic Development Authority loan and grant program offers growth capital loans to assist New Jersey clean technology companies in developing efficient and renewable energy products. Source: New Jersey Economic Development Authority The state Economic Development Authority loan and grant program offers growth capital loans to assist New Jersey clean technology companies in developing efficient and renewable energy products. The program is funded by the state Board of Public Utilities and offers assistance of up to $1 million to so-called New Jersey Class I renewable or energy eff...[more]
The Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT) is a system that helps purchasers evaluate, compare and select electronic products based on their environmental attributes. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPEAT, which stands for Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool, is an easy-to-use, on-line tool helping institutional purchasers select and compare computer desktops, laptops and monitors based on their environmental attributes. EPEAT was developed using a grant by EPA and is managed by the Green Electronics Council (GEC). It is dedicated to informing purc...[more]
EPEAT, which stands for Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool, is an easy-to-use, on-line tool helping institutional purchasers select and compare computer desktops, laptops and monitors based on their environmental attributes. Source: UNCSD Secretariat (2010) Questionnaire for the Member States on Experiences, Success Factors, Risks and Challenges with Regard to Objective and Themes of UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) Desktops, laptops and monitors that meet 23 required environmental performance criteria may be registered in EPEAT by their manufacturers in 40 count...[more]
The Oakland Green Jobs Corps is a job-training pipeline providing green pathways out of poverty for low-income adults in Oakland. Based on the Pinderhughes Model, this groundbreaking program prepares trainees for careers in the Bay Area's most vibrant green industries, including energy efficiency, green construction and solar. Source: Ella Baker Center The Oakland Green Jobs Corps is a job-training program that provides a pathway into green careers for Oakland, California, residents with barriers to employment. Beginning in the fall of 2008, it provides young adults with job training, suppor...[more]
The SEED Initiative inspires, supports and researches exceptional, entrepreneurial, nascent, multi-stakeholder partnerships for locally-led sustainable development . The initiative focuses on 'business as unusual' - innovative action delivering real solutions through project cooperation among small and large businesses, local and international NGOs, women's groups, labour organisations, public authorities and UN agencies, and others working in the field of sustainable development. The SEED Initiative aims to: support outstanding and innovative start-up entrepreneurs working in partnership in ...[more]
The Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) was designed to help achieve energy conservation, while simultaneously aiding low-income residents with their energy bills. Source: The U.S. Department of Energy The Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) enables low-income families to permanently reduce their energy bills by making their homes more energy efficient. Funds are used to improve the energy performance of dwellings of needy families using the most advanced technologies and testing protocols available in the housing industry. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) provides funding to state...[more]
To offer a FREE Climate Leadership Educational training for college level students while committing Universities to reduce their carbon footprint through different sustainable actions. Our initiative is aligned with several Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by boosting Climate Action (SDG13), offer an inclusive and quality (SDG4) education free of charge to young people, using partnerships to achieve objectives (SDG17) and promoting clean energy and energy efficiency (ODS7) within communities/universities to name a few. The students participate proposing projects that have tangible emission...[more]
The Clean Energy Initiative (CEI) is an umbrella energy partnership comprising U.S. activities in the Global Village Energy Partnership, Cleaner Fuels and Vehicles Partnership, Partnership for Clean Indoor Air, and Efficient Energy for Sustainable Development. Collectively, these components will increase access to modern energy services, promote clean transportation fuels, indoor cooking and heating practices, and improve the productivity and efficiency of current energy systems reducing waste, saving money, and improving reliability.
We want to drive private sector investment into the energy sector. We plan to use an initial $20 million grant fund to leverage much larger investment flows from OPIC. That will open the door then for hundreds of millions of dollars of OPIC financing, plus hundreds of millions of more dollars from the private sector for projects that otherwise would never get off the drawing board. (Statement made by Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton at the U.S..-Africa Clean Energy Finance Initiative Launch, June 22, 2012 RioCentro at Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. Available at: Clinton at Launch of U.S.-Af...[more]
Rapid industrialization and population growth have produced profound environmental stresses along the U.S.-Mexico border. Despite efforts by both governments, risks to human health remain a significant problem. The goal of this project is to reduce exposure to environmental hazards, with a focus on children, by improving the capacity of lay community health workers (promotores) in U.S. communities along the US-Mexico border to raise public awareness and inform their peers about such hazards and how to minimize exposure. A seondary goal is to improve the capacity of health professionals in the ...[more]
The commitments detailed in this document build on important recent efforts, notably President Obama’s Global Health Initiative (GHI), a $63 billion initiative to help partner countries save lives and achieve sustainable health outcomes. Through the GHI, the United States will scale up efforts and achieve significant results in maternal and child health and family planning. The GHI sets out ambitious targets for improving maternal and child health to inspire an intensive effort, and will: reduce maternal mortality by 30 percent across assisted countries; reduce mortality rates for children und...[more]
United States Environmental Protection Agengy (EPA) has issued its Clean Water and Drinking Water Infrastructure Sustainability Policy as part of its efforts to promote sustainable infrastructure within the water sector. Source: UNCSD Secretariat (2010) Questionnaire for the Member States on Experiences, Success Factors, Risks and Challenges with Regard to Objective and Themes of UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) EPA's Office of Water is working domestically to enhance the sustainability of U.S. communities, U.S. drinking water, wastewater and stormwater systems, and the infras...[more]
The White Water to Blue Water Partnership designed to promote integrated watershed and marine ecosystem-based management in support of sustainable development, is underway in the wider Caribbean. Objectives: 1. To increase coastal state and regional capacity for cross-sectoral approaches to management of watersheds and marine ecosystems. 2. To develop a framework for regional management programs that will promote a common vision, the efficient use of program resources, and address the entire scope of watershed and marine ecosystem management from forests to the sea. 3. To reverse the downw...[more]