Voluntary National Review 2018


The 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are in line with the long-term development strategy of Viet Nam. In our endeavour to achieve this agenda, the Government of Viet Nam is committed to mobilizing all resources and the participation of government ministries and agencies at all levels, organizations, communities and the people.

Seventeen global SDGs have been nationalized into 115 Viet Nam SDG (VSDG) targets in our “National Action Plan for Implementation of Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development”, based on Viet Nam’s development context and priorities, and building on the successful implementation of the Millennium Development Goals. In addition, Viet Nam has paid particular attention to vulnerable groups such as the poor, people with disabilities, women, children and ethnic minorities through a number of policies aimed at promoting social equality to ensure that no one is left behind.

To date, Viet Nam is proud to have achieved a number of SDG-related results, including: (1) A substantial reduction in the national multi-dimensional poverty rate from 9.9 per cent in 2015 to less than 7 per cent in 2017; (2) Health insurance coverage reaching 86.4 per cent in 2017; (3) A primary net enrolment rate of 99.0 per cent; (4) Women’s representation in the National Assembly in the 2016-2021 term reaching 26.7 per cent; (5) The proportion of households having access to safe water reaching 93.4 per cent in 2016; (6) Access to electricity by more than 99 per cent of Vietnamese households in 2016; (7) Internet use reaching 54.2 per cent; (8) Annual GDP growth rates at 6.7, 6.2, and 6.8 per cent for 2015, 2016, and 2017 respectively; (9) Improvements in the protection and management of the environment and natural resources and an increase in forest cover to 41.5 per cent in 2017; and (10) A reduction in inequality and an improvement in the promotion of access to justice and information.

Moreover, sustainable development principles have been thoroughly mainstreamed into the 2011-2020 Social and Economic Development Strategy (SEDS) and the 2016-2020 Social and Economic Development Plan (SEDP). In the coming years, the SDGs will be fully and further integrated into Viet Nam’s 2021-2030 SEDS and 2021-2025 SEDP.

The Government of Viet Nam has created an enabling legal environment and encouraged foreign and domestic private sectors to invest and do business in line with sustainable development principles. Accordingly, the Viet Nam Business Council for Sustainable Development is an initiative aimed at enhancing connections within the business community to enable them to share and spread good practices, as well as to play an important role in realizing the SDGs.

Viet Nam is now a lower middle-income country and is also one of the most affected countries by climate change. Increasingly integrated into the world economy, Viet Nam is therefore more vulnerable to its fluctuations. As such, to successfully achieve all 17 SDGs, Viet Nam requires technical and human resources, financial support, as well as strengthened cooperation and exchange of knowledge with the international community. At the same time, Viet Nam is eager to share its own experiences and innovative approaches with other countries.

Going forward, Viet Nam will therefore need to: improve society’s awareness of and mobilize all stakeholders’ participation in sustainable development efforts; enhance institutional set-up and policy frameworks for sustainable development; foster cooperation between the Government and the business sector, domestic organizations, and the international community in SDG implementation; issue national SDG indicators and strengthen national statistical capacity; mainstream SDGs into development policies and strategies; and strengthen the mobilization of resources, particularly from the private sector for SDG implementation.

The preparation of the VNR thus provides an opportunity to raise SDG awareness and mobilize the participation of different stakeholders including the National Assembly, the Government, the United Nations in Viet Nam, Political, Social, Professional and Mass Organizations, international and local NGOs, the business community, and other development partners.

Viet Nam is confident that it will succeed in implementing the 2030 Agenda for current and future generations. In our enduring commitment as a responsible member of the international community, Viet Nam will continue to contribute positively to global efforts aimed at leaving no one and no country behind. This is our global endeavour for sustainable development.

Focal point
Dr. Nguyen Thai Lai
Department of Water Resources Management
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment

Documents & Reports

National Reports
Report Topics covered Process
National Report - Viet Nam Rio+20;

Partnerships & Commitments
The below is a listing of all partnership initiatives and voluntary commitments where Vietnam is listed as a partner or lead entity in the Partnerships for SDGs online platform
Development of Locally Managed Areas for Restoration and Sustainable Use of Coastal Eco-systems with Involvement of Local Stakeholders

The degeneration of ecosystem is occurring in coastal areas of Viet Nam resulted from the increase of production activities and climate change. This phenomenon not only causes adverse environmental impacts but also threatens the social and economic developments in several coastal provinces of Viet Nam. Viet Nam has made great efforts in developing marine protected areas, albeit facing numerous challenges, including the lack of resources. In recent years, Viet Nam's enterprises and communities are increasingly aware of the important role of marine ecosystem in the social and economic developmen...[more]

The Institute of Oceanography, Viet Nam Academy of Science and Technology
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
IHO Hydrography Capacity Building Programme for Coastal States

The IHO capacity building programme seeks to assess and advise on how countries can best meet their international obligations and serve their own best interests by providing appropriate hydrographic and nautical charting services. Such services directly support safety of navigation, safety of life at sea, efficient sea transportation and the wider use of the seas and oceans in a sustainable way, including the protection of the marine environment, coastal zone management, fishing, marine resource exploration and exploitation, maritime boundary delimitation, maritime defence and security, and o...[more]

International Hydrographic Organization (IGO); 87 IHO Member States (Governments); International Maritime Organization (UN); World Meteorological Organization (UN); International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities (NGO)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Planting Mangroves for Disaster Mitigation

In Vietnam, government and nonprofit investments are made for dyke maintenance, and harvest rights for marine products are granted to local communities since 1994. By early 2000s, around 7,750 families had improved their livelihoods through decreased vulnerability to natural disasters and through the selling of crabs, shrimps, and mollusks. Source: World Resources Institute (2011) A Compilation of Green Economy Policies, Programs, and Initiatives from Around the World. The Green Economy in Practice: Interactive Workshop 1, February 11th, 2011 The mudflats of the Red River delta were claimed...[more]

Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
United Nations