Description/achievement of initiative
Local government commitments focus on many areas which impact sustainability, but the cCCR provides a registry for commitments on climate (reduction of CO2 emissions, CO2e emissions, or Carbon Intensity) or energy (increasing use of renewable energy or increasing energy efficiency) both for operations of municipal administrations (government GHG emissions) or for activities of the community that they serve (community GHG emissions). Thus, the cCCR enables local governments to report a total of 10 different types of commitments. When fulfilled, commitments will enable local governments to shift their cities into low-carbon and energy-safe resilient communities. 80% of the reported commitments aim to 2020 or an earlier date as the target year, 38% of which commit to a GHG reduction of more than 1%/yr, exceeding the value of even most ambitious Kyoto Protocol target of national governments
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In 2010, more than 138 Mayors adopted the Global Cities Covenant on Climate the Mexico City Pact, which aims to ensure transparency, accountability and comparability of local climate action and introducing the concept of measurable, reportable, verifiable climate action by encouraging signatories to report commitments, together with GHG inventories and relevant actions to the carbonn Cities Climate Registry (cCCR). Cities that announce commitments are invited to report their baseline and latest available GHG inventory in order to monitor their progress in meeting their targets. GHG inventory reporting is based on the International Local Government GHG Emissions Analysis Protocol (IEAP), which has evolved into Global Protocol for Community Scale GHG Emissions (GPC). cCCR already compiles 270 GHG inventories that represent total community GHG emissions of around 1.5 GtCO2e/yr. Capacity building in use of GHG accounting and reporting tools, such as HEAT+ will also help cities to monitor progress.
Arrangements for Capacity-Building and Technology Transfer
Coordination mechanisms/governance structure
ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability operates the carbonn Cities Climate Registry (cCCR), a global online platform for local governments to report climate and energy commitments, GHG emissions inventories and mitigation and adaptation actions and action plans. Data input is done directly by local governments mainly via 3 main channels a) political commitments like signing top Mexico City Pact b) National capacity buidling programmes/projects like Japan Registry, PACMUN, Urban-LEDS c) Rewarding schemes in particular WWF Earth Hour City Challenge. As of 15 March 2013, 302 cities and local authorities, covering an aggregate community GHG emissions of 1.5 Giga tons of CO2e per year with a population of 335 million people in 42 countries, reported 561 climate and energy commitments, 558 greenhouse gas inventories and 2,471 mitigation and adaptation actions and action plans at the cCCR.