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Prevent the introduction of invasive aquatic species transferred through marine biofouling in developing countries (GloFouling Partnerships)

Objective: Build capacity in developing countries and SIDS for implementing the IMO and other relevant guidelines for biofouling management and to catalyze overall reductions in the trans-boundary introduction of invasive aquatic species through biofouling of ships, with additional benefits in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from global shipping.

Implementation methodology: This initiative brings together national maritime administrations, maritime industries, academia and technology developers to discuss and develop the best solutions and encourage technology sharing. The methodology includes five complementary steps:
1. Legal, policy and institutional review in developing countries and SIDS
2. Development of best practices, codes of conduct, technology guidance and scientific reviews
3. Capacity building and training of all actors
4. Awareness raising and knowledge sharing

Governance: The action is coordinated by a team based at IMO and governed by the four main partners and country representatives

Expected impact

1. Biodiversity - reduced transfer of invasive species. This accelerated action will spur the development and implementation of best practices and standards for improved marine biofouling management in all maritime industries to minimize the transfer of invasive aquatic species through ships' hulls and other marine surfaces. It is expected that at least 10 developing countries will have the frameworks in place with sufficient capacity for monitoring enforcement.

2. Industry - tangible increased benefits. Application of globally agreed codes of conduct and best practices for managing biofouling will benefit all marine industries (Shipping; Ocean renewable energies; Aquaculture) through reduced operating costs and increased production outputs.

3. GHG emissions - reduced shipping GHG emissions. Improved biofouling management in ships hulls is expected to provide an indirect reduction of GHG emissions of 50 Million tonnes COe by 2030



Goal 14
Goal 15
Goal 17
Financing (in USD)
10 USD
Staff / Technical expertise
Strategic partners representing scientific community, CSOs, NGOs and industry associations
In-kind contribution
USD 30,000,000 - Indirect funding provided by developed countries, developing countries and regional intergovernmental organizations
Basic information
Start: 07 January, 2019
Completion: 30 December, 2023
International Maritime Organization (IMO) (United Nations / Multilateral body)
International Maritime Organization (United Nations); United Nations Development Programme (United Nations); Global Environment Facility (Multilateral body); Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (United Nations)
Initiative focused on COVID-19 pandemic response, prevention and recovery efforts
Not specified
Geographical coverage
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficiaries
Maritime industries: Shipping; Ocean renewable energies; Aquaculture. Application of globally agreed codes of conduct and best practices for managing biofouling will benefit these industries through reduced operating costs and increased production outputs
Contact information
John Alonso, Project Technical Analyst, jalonso@imo.org,
London, United Kingdom
United Nations