Status of initiative: On track
Description/achievement of initiative

The Global Environment Facility (GEF) has funded a full sized project to support 6 participating Small Island Developing States (SIDS) of which 2 are located in the Atlantic Ocean (Cape Verde and Sao Tome & Principe) and 4 are located in the Indian Ocean (Comoros, Maldives, Mauritius and Seychelles). The IWRM AIO SIDS project addresses issues related to the management of water resources, both freshwater and coastal marine areas in an integrated manner. Recognizing the urgent need for comprehensive Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) and improved Water Use Efficiency (WUE), the project seeks to accelerate progress on IWRM and WUE plans and water supply and sanitation development goals for the protection and utilization of groundwater and surface water in the participating countries. It will specifically support the implementation of demonstration activities on IWRM and WUE to address priority issues at the national level with potential for replication across the region and in other SIDS regions.The overall objective of the IWRM AIO SIDS project is to strengthen the commitment and capacity of the participating countries to implement an integrated approach to the management of freshwater resources, with a long-term goal of enhancement of the capacity of the countries to plan and manage their aquatic resources and ecosystems on a sustainable basis.

Implementation methodologies

Arrangements for Capacity-Building and Technology Transfer

Coordination mechanisms/governance structure


Ministry of Agriculture and Environment of Cabo Verde; National Agency for Water and Sanitation for Cabo Verde; Municipality of Tarrafal in Cabo Verde; Association of Farmers and Breeder of Chao Bom Colonato in Cabo Verde; Ministry of Environment, Energy and Water of Maldives; Ministry of Production, Ministry of Production of Environment, Energy, Industry and Crafts of the Union of Comoros; Ministry of Energy and Public Utilities of Mauritius; Water Resource Unit of Mauritius; Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Environment of Sao Tome and Principe; Ministry of Environment and Energy of Seychelles; Cap-Net
December 2017
Develop national IWRM and WUE indicator and monitoring framework in all 6 countries
December 2017
Policy, legislative institutional reforms for IWRM and WUE in all countries
December 2017
Capacity building, learning, knowledge exchange & replication of best practices from pilot projects
May 2016
Implementing demonstration projects at local level to demonstrate the tangible benefits of IWRM approches in all 6 participating counties
May 2016
Implementing demonstration projects at local level to demonstrate the tangible benefits of IWRM approches in all 6 participating countries
Sustainable Development Goals and targets
Goal 5
5.5 - Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life
Goal 6
6.5 - By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate
6.6 - By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes
6.a - By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies
Goal 7
7.b - By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support
Goal 10
10.b - Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes
Goal 11
11.6 - By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management
11.b - By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels
Goal 13
13.1 - Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
13.2 - Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
13.b - Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities

* Acknowledging that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the primary international,
intergovernmental forum for negotiating the global response to climate change.
Goal 14
14.1 - By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
14.2 - By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
14.7 - By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Goal 15
15.1 - By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
15.2 - By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
15.3 - By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world
15.9 - By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts
Goal 16
16.7 - Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
Goal 17
17.3 - Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources
Capacity-Building -
17.16 - Enhance the global partnership for sustainable development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the sustainable development goals in all countries, in particular developing countries
17.18 - By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts
Resources devoted to implementation
Progress reports
Cut off date each year: 1 July
This initiative does not yet fulfil the SMART criteria.
Location: Cape Verde and Sao Tome & Principe, Comoros, Maldives, Mauritius and Seychelles
Date of completion: December 2017
Contact information/focal point(s)
Regional Project Coordination Team,

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