Description/achievement of initiative
Rationale: The SIDS in SADC namely, Comoros Mauritius, Seychelles and Madagascar are fragile and prone to climate change variation but are endowed with ocean biodiversity which are unsustainably been exploited. Growth and sustainability of these economies can be achieved by sustainably harnessing the ocean potential through development of appropriate STI policy system and governance and local indigenous knowledge to launch and sustain emerging economy sectors and resilience building. Doing so requires a good understanding of the various STI policy system and governance and the education and training in science, engineering and technology in these countries.Building the resilience of SIDS in the face of global changes through the promotion of Blue/Green economy and indigenous knowledge offers great potential for improved livelihoods and well-being. These coastal communities have valuable ecosystems which support lucrative fisheries, tourism and marine biodiversity. The effective use of this natural resource will require the development of STI policy systems and governance to maximize their economic potential through the concept of blue economy. UNESCO is providing technical support to some of these SIDS in the design, implementation of robust STI system and governance as well as in the mobilization and involvement of young scientists in global and regional STI related policy dialogue and follow .up activities. UNESCO will extend this support to other SIDS in mobilizing science for sustainable use of natural resources (while deriving income and livelihoods), renewable energy efficiency and natural disaster reduction and mitigation. UNESCO will provide technical advice and build capacity in STI system and governance of SIDS and strengthen their policy analyses, design, implementation and monitoring and evaluation skills so as to contribute effectively towards the High level event in 2014, which would reshape international priorities influencing post-2015 development agenda.Objectives: The objective is to provide technical assistance to Small Island Developing States (SIDS) with knowledge and skills in strengthening national governance mechanisms for promotion of long term plans and strategies in addressing development challenges of climate vulnerability, human capital development, economic growth and youth employment.
The modality of actions will consist of building on knowledge, experience and good practice reinforced through mobilisation of regional science networks and targeted capacity development and policy advice. Capacity building training workshops related to the impacts of global changes, development of SIDS-based knowledge networks and databases to support sharing of local experiences will be pursued. Capacity will be strengthened in Mapping of the STI potential of SIDS to identify gaps and opportunities for creating a critical mass of experts with skills and knowledge in science, engineering and technology capabilities and STI Policy design, implementation and M&E in STI policy system and governance. Creation of synergies among science, engineering, technology and Innovation (SETI) Institutions and SIDS for sharing of results, implementation of policies and foresight planning in STI for sustainability and resilience building.
Arrangements for Capacity-Building and Technology Transfer
The reports from the various training and consultative workshops will be validated by an expert Group and disseminated among SIDS and, stakeholders and partners. STI Policy instruments and strategies will be developed in priority areas of each country and implemented.
Coordination mechanisms/governance structure
This partnership will be coordinated by the Government of Mauritius within UNESCO's framework of Mobilising STI for sustainable development of SIDS and governed by the Ministerial Decision of the 2014 Joint Meeting of SADC Ministers of Science, Technology and Innovation and Education and Training at which the SADC Ministers including SIDS countries endorsed the SADC Strategic Framework on Science, Technology and Innovation (2015-2020) in Mozambique, June 2014. Partnership with other UN Agencies such as UNEP, FAO, WHO, AfDB and other UN Agencies through UUN Delivering as One and other Private and Bilateral donors who endorse the AIMS Sub-regional Preparatory Meeting for the third Conference on SIDS in Seychelles in, 2013. The meeting, among other recommendations, called for building the human capital in STI in SIDS and create opportunities to effectively harness their natural resources and invest in programmes to build resilience SIDS societies and economies
Governments of Comoros, Mauritius, Madagascar, and Seychelles
Ministries of Education Science and Technology
Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) Secretariat
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)