Description/achievement of initiative
The British High Commission in Wellington has a strong interest in supporting community projects in Samoa that involve renewable energy, enhanced climate resilience and the potential for building sustainable economic opportunity. Building on our biogas projects of 2012 (below) on 21 October 2013 the Samoan Prime Minister turned the soil at a new site for resource testing centre in Apia. After signing a new agreement between the UK and Samoa, the Prime Minister, Tuilaepa Lupesoliai Malielegaoi and the then British High Commissioner, HE Mrs Vicki Treadell took their spades and turned the first soil in a new British funded NZ$22,000 bio digester research project.The turning of the soil and the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding is one more step in the renewed and sustainable relationship between the UK and Samoa.
In 2012 we provided funding for a demonstration project in Piu Village to prove that an invasive vine (merremia) could be a feedstock resource to produce biogas that could be used in cooking and lighting for village households. This demonstration system was installed in early 2013 by BHC's project partner BioEnceptionz Ltd of Wellington, New Zealand. (BioEnceptionz is a not-for-profit social enterprise specialising in showcasing the potential for bioenergy systems in Pacific Islands.) This demonstration project successfully met its objectives. It worked providing light, electricity and liquid fertaliser to the villagers, Parts were easy to install and cheap to repairIn 2013, the Resource Testing and Community Engagement Centre was funded to provide Samoa with the capability of methodically testing and cataloguing the biogas potential of a wide range of possible feedstocks that can be used in biodigesters to produce biogas, including for commercial scale operations. These feedstocks, include green waste such as grasses, vines, foliage drop and foodwaste and, as well, crop residues (such as taro leaves), crop processing wastes, and over abundant crop products with low market value.
Arrangements for Capacity-Building and Technology Transfer
Samoa Biogas systems is a local NGO. Both the STA and users are taught how to install the biodiversity systems and Samoa's will run the research centre giving full ownership to the community. We intend to fund a small cottage Businesses that makes fibregas tanks rather than rubber tanks which will allow manufacture on the island as well as instillation and maintenance.
Coordination mechanisms/governance structure
The ˜biogas potential" data that will come from the resource testing programme will provide much needed Samoa-circumstance specific information for a wide range of potential biodigester applications. STA have been heavily involved in our biogas project and more widelyBioEnception or the newly named Samoa Biogas system was a New Zealand-based entity operating under the principles of a not-for-profit social enterprise. It has now renamed it'self as a sign or it's commitment.They conceive, plan with host governments and donors, and implement feasibility studies involving advanced biomass and waste-based energy systems suitable for Pacific Island and other developing countries. They provide ˜seeing is believing" proof of the technical and economic applicability of the technologies. They are involved in the development of financeable business models that can be used by local companies when these new systems are rolled out.The Uk Government has funded biogas projects for a third year as a sign of it's ongoing commitment and it believed it can create bigger partnerships as well as encourage uptake of biogas across the SIDS. What a story to tell!