Description/achievement of initiative
The Vanuatu NGO Climate Change Adaptation Program (2012-2014), funded by the Australian Government, is implemented by a consortium of six organisations: Save the Children, CARE International in Vanuatu, Vanuatu Red Cross Society, Vanuatu Rural Development Training Centres Association, SPC/GIZ and coordinated by Oxfam.The program's goal is to increase the resilience of women, men and young people in Vanuatu to the impacts of climate change.The program works with communities in nine islands across four provinces. It takes a broad view of resilience as the ability of women, men and children to realise their rights and improve their wellbeing despite shocks, stresses and uncertainty. Community members are supported to increase their understanding of climate variability and change, and plan and implement activities to strengthen DRR, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), Natural Resource Management (NRM), agriculture, nutrition, traditional knowledge, women's leadership and education.This program also established the Vanuatu Climate Adaptation Network (VCAN), which facilitates the sharing of lessons and good practice approaches among over 20 civil society organisations and with the Government of Vanuatu. At last year's COP19 UN climate conference, VCAN was represented by three women and youth delegates on the Vanuatu delegation and has coordinated efforts to link community voices with national and international decision making.
In implementing the strategies outlined in the description above, a shared approach to resilience is underpinned by the 'Vanuatu Community Resilience Framework'. It breaks down the goal of supporting communities to build their resilience into a set of enabling characteristics at the community level. This assumes that working towards this set of characteristics supports communities to deal with shocks and stresses and adapt to uncertain futures.A resilient community in Vanuatu (summary):1. Has their basic needs met2. Can build their livelihoods on a diverse range of material assets3. Has fair, inclusive and responsive leadership and decision making processes 4. Can access and use relevant traditional and external information5. Has the ability to innovate and take risks6. Has a belief system and culture that can help understand and act on shocks and changes7. Has strong social networks, both internal and external to the community8. Has connected and responsive governments at different levelsEquity between women, men, girls, boys and people with disability central to the achievement of each feature of the resilience framework, as inequality constrains resilience.This framework is being piloted in the design, implementation, monitoring, learning and adapting stages of the program. While all consortium agencies have different approaches to resilience programming, the framework provides coherence in working towards a common definition of impact. This approach has increased the program's focus on community participation, voice and access to information, which helps communities to become more resilient.The Vanuatu program is currently using the resilience framework to support communities to increase their resilience to climate change. However, the framework has the potential as a tool to promote greater integration of DRR, CCA and development.
Arrangements for Capacity-Building and Technology Transfer
Demonstrating that collaboration is more effective than working in isolation, consortium agencies have supported each other through the sharing of technical expertise, tools and approaches in community based adaptation.
Coordination mechanisms/governance structure
The Program supports two primary coordination mechanisms for the partnership:- The Consortium Management Group, which meets monthly and sets the strategic direction for the partnership- The Vanuatu Climate Adaptation Network, which facilitates coordination among the consortium agencies, other NGOs, the Vanuatu Humanitarian Team (VHT), and other resilience stakeholders. VCAN is also represented on the Government of Vanuatu's National Advisory Board for Climate Change and DRR.
CARE International in Vanuatu
Save the Children
Vanuatu Red Cross Society
Vanuatu Rural Development Training Centres Association
Vanautu Humanitarian Team (VHT)
Vanuatu Climate Adaptation Network (VCAN)