The COVID-19 pandemic poses challenges towards SDGs progress, but also underlined the need for greater international cooperation.
To ensure sustainable and resilient recovery, Indonesia has embarked upon systemic reforms in four key areas: social protection system, national health system, disaster resilience system, as well as industry recovery, tourism and investment towards green economy.
Notwithstanding social distancing and health protocols, Indonesia has developed this VNR in an inclusive approach, through online consultations. Notable SDGs achievement, effects of the pandemic, and recovery efforts, include:
This VNR has been developed inclusively through online consultations. Going forward we highlight the SDGs achievement and efforts to recover from the pandemic.
Indonesia will undertake and strengthen policy reform on:
For the Republic of Indonesia, implementing national development agenda is implementing SDGs. The SDGs are institutionalized from the highest national level to subnational entities, and integrated in national and subnational development planning. This is a massive and collaborative endeavor between government and non-state actors designed to serve 264 million people – a third of which are children – comprising 1,300 ethnic groups across 17,000 islands.
Indonesia is being successful in reducing inequality, complemented by sustained and inclusive economic growth and accountable governance. Poverty has been reduced to single digit for the first time in history, job opportunities and access to education increased at all levels, while GHG emission and disaster risks were reduced.
This VNR has been developed with inclusive approach and through online and offline consultations. This is our story:
Inclusive and Consistent Economic Growth
Achieving near universal education
Sustaining Climate Action and Managing Disaster
Realizing Access to Justice and Inclusive Institutions
Innovative Development Financing
Broad, inclusive National Process and Strategic Partnership Building
The Way Forward
Indonesia’s development priorities include strengthening human development through poverty reduction and basic services improvement; reducing regional disparities through connectivity and maritime development; increasing economic value added and job creation; and overcoming the digital divide.
The Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics of the Republic of Indonesia (BMKG) is Non-Ministerial governmental institution with responsibilities to provide meteorology, climatology and geophysics service such as public information, early warning, and specific information (Article 29 paragraph 1, UU No. 31/2009). Indonesia is an archipelagic state with 70 % water of its area and many coastal fishermen civilization. Against this backdrop, BMKG has a program called Climate Field School for Fisherman which started on 2016 and continues annually with objectives as shown as below: 1. I...[more]
The Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics of the Republic of Indonesia (BMKG) is Non-Ministerial governmental institution with responsibilities to provide meteorology, climatology and geophysics service such as public information, early warning, and specific information (Article 29 paragraph 1, UU No. 31/2009). Indonesia is an archipelagic state with 70 % water of its area and many coastal communities. These geographic conditions have susceptibility to sea level rise for coastal areas. Coastal floods or in terms of some areas known as rob, greatly disrupt the activities of people...[more]
Indonesia commits to protect human rights of workers in fishing industry and to provide them with decent and healthy working environment, as well as opportunity to increase their economy
The Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI-CFF) is a multilateral partnership of six countries working together to sustain extraordinary marine and coastal resources by addressing crucial issues such as food security, climate change and marine biodiversity.There is broad scientific consensus that the Coral Triangle represents a global epicenter of marine life abundance and diversity. Spanning only 1.6% of the planet’s oceans, the Coral Triangle region is home to is home to the highest coral diversity in the world with 600 corals or 76% of the world’s kn...[more]
i. The objective of this course program is to enhance the contribution and capability from the charting aspect in order to produce coastal and bathymetry mapping support for disaster assessment, disaster relief mapping and management, by charting agency in the region and other Archipelagic countries. This activity in the beginning is developed based on EAHC organization cooperation, where Indonesia become one of the country member, and as country member contribution in enhancing capacity and capability in the East Asia regional charting community and South Pacific Countries. ii. The impl...[more]
Energy is endowed with reasonable amount of energy resoures both non renewable and renewable energy. However most of our community has poor access to energy information which may lead to inefficient use of energy sources. Thus, it is necessary for Indonesia to seek all possible measures to enhance energy education in urban and rural areas. Accordingly, the main objective of this program is to promote energy education which we believe can improve energy literacy that may lead to better understanding on the energy situation and in turn will support our energy plicy especially that related to ene...[more]
Indonesia commits to eradicate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, including the advancement of monitoring and surveillance activity and cooperation with other countries and organization as an effort to sustainably regulate fisheries management on the grounds of scientific-based management plans. Indonesia commits to continuously advocate, promote and combat fisheries crime as transnational organized crime through effective cooperation with other countries and international organizations; Indonesia commits to share Vessel Monitoring System data to Global Fishing Watch and en...[more]
Under Indonesian regulation, marine conservation areas (MCA) are part of national and provincial governments authority. Provincial governments are allowed to establish MCAs within their jurisdiction (0-12 nautical miles). However, all MCAs have to be legally designated or gazette by the national government. The objectives of MCA are to conserve fisheries resources, essential marine habitats, cultural interest, indigenous wisdom/practice, and disaster mitigation. During the previous Midterm Development Plan (2009 – 2014) Indonesia had established 15.7 million ha and used as baseline. The poli...[more]
Forum Philanthropy and Business – Indonesia for SDGs was Initiated by Filantropi Indonesia – the Indonesian Philanthropy Association in partnership with the UN Global Compact Indonesia, the Indonesian Business Council for Sustainable Business and the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce on 3rd of March 2016. The philanthropy and business sectors are further on officially represented through this forum at Indonesia’s National Coordination Team for SDGs together with government, academia, civil society organizations and academia. Up to July 2016, the Forum has increased its membership to 11 Ass...[more]
The Indonesian government, through MoRTHE and with assistance of Islamic Development Bank, anticipates the weakness and opportunity from national priority agenda in comply with sustainable development goals. It is required to strengthen economic competitiveness based on the excellence of natural resources and quality of human resources and science and technology. Special attention and effort to improve quality of higher education towards excellence in four sel ected universities i.e. Universitas Jember, Universitas Negeri Malang, Universitas Mulawarman and Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa ...[more]
The Bangka Botanical Garden (BBG) in Pangkalpinang municipality is an innovative example of corporate social responsibility that illustrates the potential for public private partnership. A public-private-partnership transformed spoilt land into a botanical garden. Source: The ICLEI Case Study series The Bangka Goes Green (BGG) movement was formed in 2007 to transform spoilt land, land formerly used for tin-mining exploitation with ecological significance, into a botanical garden, the Bangka Botanical Garden (BBG). It protects local habitats and restores the natural ecosystem. The establishment...[more]
The majority of SIDS face water scarcity. Being at the forefront of climate change, with increasing demand through population growth and tourism is the cause. As water is part of everything we do, lack of water means lack of development. Desalination can solve the water shortages. With high energy tariffs on islands, desalination of seawater becomes an expensive exercise. At the same time, islands enjoy the wind, an abundance of sunshine and ocean views. This makes desalination powered directly by renewable energy interesting, with a great potential for decentralized and small-scale island...[more]
In a global village where we live at present, it is in everyone's interest that any society ideally meets the above-mentioned conditions. However, some societies have difficulties achieving those conditions, despite their best effort to actively seek and work towards these goals. On the other hand, some societies have the capability and means to assist other because of their experience, working knowledge, as well as available resources. Therefore, a proactive effort to achieve such conditions should becomes prime vehicle for global cooperation. The objective of Good Governance in Sustainable D...[more]
i. The objective of this is Course program is to enhance the contribution and capability from the Hydrographic especially in providing proper information for safety of navigation and coastal management purposes in the region. This program also aim on the contribution in the developments of the professional hydrographer and practitioners in the region. The course were design based on the IHO (International Hydrographic Organization) qualification standard course 'B' category for hydrographic survey and awarded will also has IHO certificate of acknowledgement. This program also reflected the con...[more]
The IHO capacity building programme seeks to assess and advise on how countries can best meet their international obligations and serve their own best interests by providing appropriate hydrographic and nautical charting services. Such services directly support safety of navigation, safety of life at sea, efficient sea transportation and the wider use of the seas and oceans in a sustainable way, including the protection of the marine environment, coastal zone management, fishing, marine resource exploration and exploitation, maritime boundary delimitation, maritime defence and security, and o...[more]
The onslaught of marine plastic debris is a slow-motion catastrophe. Marine plastic debris is real threat to our health. We have seen results of research showing that fish and shellfish from many parts of the world consumed plastic and micro plastic. As the largest archipelagic state in the world, Indonesia is endowed with great biodiversity, rich natural resources as well as strategic and economic value that have all created blessings and challenges for Indonesians. Against this backdrop, Indonesia, by the end 2025, will reduce 70% of its plastic debris from 2017. In this regard, Indonesia...[more]
Goal 14.4 is another addition to the existing efforts through different types of instruments at global and regional level to end IUUF. Many, in if not all, of those instruments address IUUF only from the perspective of fisheries management issues, but not addressing crimes that correlate to the fisheries industries. This is probably the main reason why international community continues to face the threats of IUUF and fish stock has continued to dwindle. Indonesian experiences in fighting IUUF have revealed that all of over 1000 vessels that were caught illegally fishing in Indonesia have a...[more]
Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelagic state, with over 17,000 islands, comprise an abundance of marine diversity, Indonesia shows significant natural resource potential. Marine ecosystems in Indonesia serve important functions as habitats, feeding, nesting, and spawning grounds. About 55 percent of existing fisheries production comes from coastal areas, particularly from seagrass beds, mangroves, coral reefs, lagoons, and estuaries. Based on more than 2,000 fish species and 500 coral species, Indonesia is called as the Coral Triangle Center. Unfortunately, environmentally destruc...[more]
The 90-meter Bahama-flagged vessel owned and operated by Salen Ship Management destroyed coral reefs of Wararema Shoal in the Dampier Strait in Raja Ampat, West Papua, Indonesia, on 4 March 2017. The 4,290-tons cruise ship was mastered by a British Captain, Mr. Keith Michael Taylor, and carrying 102 passengers and 79 crew on a 16-night journey from Papua New Guinea to the Philippines. It ran aground on the coral after a bird-watching trip to Waigeo Island, one of four big islands in Raja Ampat. Raja Ampat in West Papua has the richest underwater biodiversity on Earth. Caledonia Sky damaged ...[more]
Indonesia Tsunami Early Warning System (InaTEWS) is an operational activity carried out by Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics as a part of governmental duty which shall provide meteorology, climatology, and geophysics service including public information, early warning, and specific information. BMKG is a tsunami service provider under UNESCO/IOC that responsible providing tsunami threat notification to the Indian Ocean member states. Objectives of InaTEWS includes: 1. Delivers early warning to coastal communities when earthquake occurs and its potential in forming tsunami in...[more]
Indonesia will ensure all deliveries will be performed by skilled birth attendants by 2015. This universal access intervention is aimed at reducing the maternal mortality ratio from 228 per 100.000 live births in 2007 to 102 per 100.000 live births in 2015. In 2011, at least one and a half (1.5) million deliveries by poor women will be fully funded by the government. Central Government funding for health in 2011 will increase by USD 556 million compared to 2010. This fund will be available to support professional health personnel and to achieve quality health care and services in 552 hospitals...[more]
Indonesia is collaborating with the three UN-REDD Programme agencies - FAO, UNDP and UNEP- on the development of an action plan that links its REDD+ efforts with its overarching goal of transitioning to a Green Economy. Source: The Presidential Unit for Development Monitoring and Oversight (UKP4), headed by Dr. Kuntoro Mangkusubroto, is collaborating with the United Nations and a cross section of stakeholders on the development of an action plan to facilitate a Green Economy transition and support the REDD+ Implementing Agency to achieve its mandate of reducing forest based greenhouse gas em...[more]
Indonesia's second medium term development plan (2010 - 2014) contains specific policies and goals on mainstreaming sustainable development and natural resource and environmental management. Source: UNEP (2011) Green Economy . Advisory Services. The Second United Indonesia Cabinet launched a green economy program as part of its sustainable development plan which is pro-growth, pro-job, and pro-poor. To support the implementation of green economics, programs have been drawn up on food resilience by implementing sustainable agriculture, sustainable forestry management, efficiency and renewable e...[more]
Limited water access and polluted rivers make it more difficult for Bogor municipality, a growing and dynamic city, to address the issue of water conservation. In 2004 Bogor municipality began to undertake a number of initiatives to strengthen its water and land conservation. Source: The ICLEI Case Study series Due to the strategic location of Bogor, it is one of the fastest growing urban municipalities in Indonesia. Large parts of land are quickly converted to residential, industrial and public areas. But the speed of this growth challenges the city's ability to provide for the increasing de...[more]
Develop a uniformed mandatory disclosure scheme on emissions of motor vehicles to inform the public on compliance with motor vehicle emissions standards within respective ASEAN countries. In order to reduce air pollution caused by automotive emission, the MOE of Republic Indonesia has several experiences with performance program (proper) for in used vehicles. The GOI has also started for the "ecolabel" which has focused on green production, which then we will initiate and try to integrate it into this program. We want to know from other partnerships initiative experiences such as experiences...[more]
Surabaya Municipality initiated a mangrove planting program to stop environmental degradation in the eastern coast area. Through a multi-stakeholder approach, a Mangrove Conservation Area has been created that is accessible to the public for education, research and development, and eco-tourism. Source: The ICLEI Case Study series Being Indonesia's second largest city, Surabaya faces many urbanization challenges typical to large and growing cities around the world, such as land-use conversion, pollution management, and deforestation. Ongoing development activities in Surabaya have led to the g...[more]
In 2010 Indonesia established a $1bn Green Investment Fund to boost economic growth and to reduce emissions. Source: The objective in formulating a National Action Plan to address climate change was for it to be used as guidance to various institutions in carrying out a coordinated and integrated effort to tackle climate change. Addressing the impact of climate change should not be conducted by a few sectors only. Good coordination between sectors is essential to ensure the success of climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts in Indonesia. The National Action Plan is a dynamic polic...[more]
Main objective of the partnership/initiative: 1. Increase the benefit from sustainable tourism resources for the population in the host communities. 2. Enhancing the protection of conservation area by environmental education. 3. Explore and utilize of depth environmental friendly technologies. 4. Develop technology of cleaner production for supporting sustainable tourism activities.
At present many countries especially developing countries are facing increased growth in the mining industry. One shared issue facing countries having mining activities is the deterioration of its environmental quality such as surface and ground water, air, coastal and sea areas. Countermeasures taken to deal with the situation are the introduction of clean technology in carrying out processing and best mining practices in the mining products. These practices have been applied in developing countries with various results achieved. Most developing countries have already environmental standard...[more]