Health and populationProtecting and promoting human health is the subject of Chapter 6 of Agenda 21. Health and development are intimately interconnected. Both insufficient development leading to poverty and inappropriate development resulting in over-consumption, coupled with an expanding world population, can result in severe environmental health problems in both developed and developing countries.
About HealthThe linkage of health, environmental and socio-economic improvements requires intersectoral efforts. Such efforts, involving education, housing, public works and community groups are aimed at enabling people in their communities to ensure sustainable development. Countries should develop plans for priority actions, drawing on the programme areas contained in Chapter 6, as follows:
- Meeting primary health care needs, particularly in rural areas;
- Controlling communicable diseases;
- Protecting vulnerable groups;
- Meeting the urban health challenge; and
- Reducing health risks from environmental pollution and hazards.