Kenya has been a top advocate of Agenda 2030. Kenya was a member of the High Level
Panel of Eminent Persons who advised the United Nations Secretary General on the global
development framework beyond 2015. The Permanent Representative of Kenya to the UN
Ambassador Macharia Kamau co-chaired the UN General Assembly Open Working Group
on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)mandated to develop a set of sustainable
In 2015, Kenya was already in the 8th year of implementing its long term Economic
blueprint, the Kenya Vision 2030, which is being implemented in 5-year rolling Medium
Term Plans (MTP). By the time the SDGs were adopted, the second MTP (2013-2017) was
in its third year of implementation. The process of the preparation of the third MTP (2018-
2022) and the second generation County Integrated Development Plans (CIDPs) is
ongoing in which SDGs and Africa Agenda 2063 will be mainstreamed.
Kenya has prepared its first report reviewing the implementation of the 2030 agenda for
sustainable development. The review was highly consultative involving Government
Ministries, Departments, Agencies (MDAs); County Governments; Development Partners;
Civil Society Organizations (CSOs); special groups including youth and persons with
disabilities and the private sector. To ensure wider consultation, umbrella bodies held
consultations with their members and prepared reports that were the inputs into the
2.0 Key Milestones
Mapping the SDGs with Vision 2030: Each of the 17 SDGs was mapped with Vision
2030 Second Medium Term Plan (MTP) objectives to ensure the global development
framework and its implementation is directly linked towards achieving both Vision 2030
MDGs End Term Report: A study was carried out covering the period 2000-2015 to
assess the progress made in achievements of the MDGs, document the experiences,
challenges and lessons learnt during the implementation. The report presents
recommendations that greatly provide the foundation for the implementation of the
SDGs Road Map: An SDGs Road Map has been prepared with seven broad areas that will
guide the transition process in Kenya. The seven areas are: mapping of stakeholders and
establishing partnerships, advocacy and sensitization, domestication/localization,
mainstreaming and accelerating implementation, resource mobilization, tracking and
reporting and capacity building. The launch of the SDGs in Kenya on 14th September 2016
created awareness among stakeholders and rallied them behind implementation.
Institutional framework: The Ministry of Devolution and Planning coordinates the
implementation and monitoring of the SDGs in Kenya. The SDGs focal point within the
Ministry offers technical backstopping for SDGs within government and also among
stakeholders. An Inter-Agency Technical Committee drawing membership from the line
Ministries, Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, National Council for Population and
Development, representatives from the civil society organizations, private sector among
others has been set up. Mechanism of coordination between the two levels of government
has been worked out with the establishment of SDGs Liaison office within the secretariat
of the Council of Governors (COG).
Mainstreaming SDGs in policy and planning: The government directed all Ministries,
Department and Agencies (MDAs) to mainstream the SDGs into policy, planning,
budgeting, monitoring and evaluation systems and processes. As a result, all SDGs targets
and indicators have been mapped against the mandates of the MDAs and assigned the
SDGs to the respective development actors. In addition, the 2018-2022 Strategic Plan
guidelines have been reviewed to ensure that the SDGs are mainstreamed in MDAs'
Strategic Plans. The SDGs have also been mainstreamed in the Performance Contracting
and MDAs submit quarterly progress reports on a quarterly basis.
Capacity Building: The SDGs contact officers in the line ministries and officers in charge
of planning and budgeting among others have been trained using a standardized training
kit in training institutions. Emphasis is given to the Training of Trainers (TOTs).
Data, Monitoring and Reporting: The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics has
undertaken an indicator mapping and identified 128 indicators out of the 230 global
indicators that can be measured with the available data or data that can be produced
within 1-2 years with minimum effort.
Advocacy and awareness creation: IEC materials on SDGs have been produced and
disseminated. Social media platforms which include Facebook, Twitter, email, WhatsApp
are being used to disseminate SDGs messages to the public. Sensitization forums covering
different stakeholders have been held. The coalition of civil society on SDGs in
collaboration with the government has also been undertaking community outreach
programmes on Agenda 2030.
SDGs implementation: Kenya has been implementing policies and strategies geared
towards advancing implementation of the SDGs and this has resulted in commendable
progress as outlined in the main report. The following is a highlight of some of the
innovative initiatives to fast tract the SDGs in the health and water sectors:
- The Beyond Zero Campaign: An Initiative by H.E. the First Lady, Mrs. Margaret
Kenyatta to accelerate economic and social development in Kenya through the
health facet. Mobile clinics have been delivered to all county referral hospitals. The
mobile clinics have been able to treat mothers and children who would otherwise
have been obliged to walk miles to seek treatment.
- Mother waiting home (KIROR): An initiative of West Pokot County Government
and is a home outside their home and a home outside the health facility. Expectant
mothers move to KIROR near a health facility a few days to their expected day of
delivery and are monitored during labour by the health personnel at the health
facility thereby reducing congestion at the health facility while at the same time
getting prompt services of a qualified personnel during delivery.
- Commodity exchange programme: The county Government of Embu has
introduced the commodity exchange programme. A county commodity
security/Exchange team is created on WhatsApp social platform. Sub county
pharmacists facilitate the collection of commodities from surplus sites and transfer
them to needy sites.
- Water ATMs: The Nairobi Water and Sewerage Company has installed water ATMs
enabling city residents living in informal settlements to access quality water
cheaply. The ATMs use AQtap technology and the residents pay for water using
mobile technology. This has reduced the cost of water to the community as well as
improved revenue collection by the company.
- Social Protection Programmes: These are programmes to address poverty.
They include the National Government Constituency Development Fund (NGCDF);
the Hunger and Safety Net Programme (HSNP); Subsidized Basic Education;
Empowerment funds targeting vulnerable groups; preference and reservation of
30% in public procurement to vulnerable groups; Establishment of Huduma centres
to facilitate access to various Public Services and information using a One-Stop
Shop concept; harnessing digital technologies for financial inclusion (mobile money
transfer) and development of Public Participation guidelines.The Revenue Allocation
and Equalization Funds targets Counties with high poverty indices.
- Addressing climate change: The Government is in the process of integrating
climate change into the curriculum for primary and secondary levels of education.
The Climate Change Act 2016 highlights the climate change response measures and
actions, the roles of each of the stakeholders in mitigating effects of climate change
and how to engage the public.
3.0 Regional cooperation to address the SDGs
Kenya has participated in Somalia Peace Keeping Missions; signed treaties on cultural
exchange programmes with 51 countries hosting Kenya Missions and is the chair of InterCountry
Quality Nodes on peace education in Africa. Kenya is currently developing the
Lamu Port South Sudan Ethiopia Transport (LAPSSET) Corridor Project, the largest
integrated transformative infrastructure project in Africa. Kenya has already placed a total
BAN on plastic bags with effect from August 2017 as per the (EAC) Polythene Materials
Control Bill, 2016 proposal.
- Inadequate disaggregated data
- High stakeholder expectations
- Inadequate funding for SDGs
5.0 Next steps
- Intensified awareness creation and capacity building
- Mainstreaming of SDGs into the third MTP (MTP III), second generation County
Integrated Development Plans and public institutions strategic plans;
- Review the National Statistical System (NSS) in light of the SDGs.
- Enhancing multi- stakeholder participation in the SDGs process
- Enhanced Resource mobilization