Cambodia
Voluntary National Review 2019

Cambodia Voluntary National Review (VNR) Key Messages

Introduction
Under the motto, “Nation, Religion, King”, the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) has over the last 20 years, pursued a progressive development agenda. This period has seen recovery from a protracted conflict and genocide, the rebuilding of infrastructure and human resources, and above all, the rebirth of the spirit of the Khmer people. Carrying this forward and continuing our MDG achievements, Cambodia enthusiastically supports the Sustainable Development Agenda.

Progress to date
Along with other member states, the RGC endorsed the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at the UN General Assembly in 2015, working since then to adapt the goals to Cambodia’s context to craft a fully nationalized framework – the Cambodian SDGs (CSDGs).

Cambodia’s highly consultative VNR process began in late 2018, led by the Ministry of Planning. It adopted a whole of government approach – drawing in ministries and local administrations; and a whole of society approach – fully open to civil society and business actors. The VNR reports on efforts to: adapt and deliver the CSDGs through the establishment of institutions and mechanisms; their integration within the National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP) 2019-2023 and public budgeting; and SDG advocacy and citizen engagement.

The VNR also reviews progress to date of all Cambodian SDGs, with an in-depth review of the six prioritized SDGs (Education, Decent Work and Growth, Reduced Inequalities, Climate Action, Peace and Institutions, and SDG Partnerships). Moreover, these six each figure within the RGC’s strategic planning priorities, as set out in the Rectangular Strategy IV (RS IV) and the NSDP. RGC recognizes that it is early in the implementation process, that sustained efforts are needed, and has set out concrete delivery proposals on management oversight, monitoring & evaluation (M&E) and resourcing.

Opportunities and challenges
Going forward Cambodia faces both opportunities and challenges. Here, we highlight three major issues.

The first is the resourcing and economic underpinning of the CSDGs. Cambodia’s economy remains buoyant – growth, investment and public revenues are strong, and provides a solid basis. Driving these trends are deeper changes in the economy towards high value-added, and the emergence of a young and dynamic population. Yet, maintaining this path also presents challenges – including how to finance the ambitious CSDG agenda and growing public expectations, alongside declining overseas aid. 

Second is the overarching threat posed by climate change, which has implications for many CSDGs.  While RGC has sought to both mitigate and adapt to climate change, Cambodia remains highly exposed to the severe weather events and ongoing global warming. This and the need to combat environmental degradation in a rapidly developing country, is a key priority.

Finally, there are several governance dimensions to be addressed. Cambodia has made significant investments in public management reform and systems strengthening. Through various instruments, RGC is building effective tools for oversight and delivery, but it is acknowledged that gaps remain, particularly in relation to data and M&E. Moreover, given that CSDG delivery must be the business of all actors, RGC will seek to reach out to civil society, enterprises, and citizens, to inform, educate and engage meaningfully.

Key messages
RGC re-iterates its support for the SDGs, and its ambition to maintain rapid development by carrying through necessary reforms. The CSDG Framework offers a strong starting point – providing baseline, milestones and end line data, and arrangements for delivery at the strategic level. This is coupled with a commitment to the framework’s consolidation and regular updating.

The CSDGs fully reflect Cambodia’s longer-term Visions, which seeks progression to Upper Middle-Income in 2030 and then High-Income Country in 2050, while leaving no one behind, and preserving Cambodia’s natural resource endowment. The CSDGs have been fully integrated within planning and policymaking via the NSDP, and most innovatively within Budget Strategic Plans, where the CSDG targets provide key performance measures.

In closing, the RGC recognizes that much remains to be done if the ambitions of the CSDGs are to be fully realized. In coming years, we will seek to sharpen the focus on implementation, through prioritization of actions, enhancing governance, effective resourcing, and building genuine partnerships.

Focal point
H.E Dr. Mok Mareth
Senior Minister
Ministry of the Environment
#48 Samdech Preah Sihanouk, Tonle Bassac, Chamkamon, Phnom Penh

Partnerships & Commitments
The below is a listing of all partnership initiatives and voluntary commitments where Cambodia is listed as a partner or lead entity in the Partnerships for SDGs online platform
Cambodia will ensure that 95% of the poor are covered by health equity funds by 2015

Cambodia will ensure that 95% of the poor are covered by health equity funds by 2015, and develop a new policy to ensure availability of emergency obstetric care at the district level. Cambodia will improve reproductive health by increasing the proportion of deliveries assisted by a skilled birth attendant to 70%; increase the proportion of couples using modern contraception to 60%; and increase the number of health facilities offering safe abortion/post abortion services. Cambodia will further seek to increase attendance at ante-natal clinics to 90% and attendance at post-natal clinics to 50%...[more]

Partners
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC)

The best opportunity to slow the rate of near-term warming globally and in sensitive regions such as the Arctic is by cutting emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) – most notably methane, black carbon and some hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). Widespread reductions, which complement the need for aggressive global action on carbon dioxide, contribute significantly to the goal of limiting warming to less than two degrees. Reducing SLCPs can also advance national priorities such as protecting air quality and public health, promoting food security, enhancing energy efficiency, and allevi...[more]

Partners
111 Partners, 50 State and REIO, 16 IGO and 45 NGO partners (as of April 2016). Full list: http://ccacoalition.org/en/partners
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Global Partnership for Sustainable Tourism

The Global Partnership for Sustainable Tourism is an organizational network of tourism stakeholders of the public and private sectors, non-profits, UN agencies and programmes, international organizations and academic institutions. Partner organizations share the common vision and understanding of the goal of "sustainable tourism" and collaborate internationally, regionally or nationally to transform tourism globally. The mission is to transform the way tourism is done worldwide by building partnerships to support the implementation of sustainable tourism practices at destinations through adop...[more]

Partners
United Nation Environment Programme (UNEP), Ministry of Tourism of the Republic of Croatia, the Government of France, Ministry of Tourism of the Kingdom of Morocco, Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Korea, the Travel Foundation, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)...[more]
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Marine conservation, protection, and sustainable use of marine biodiversity and marine management for monitoring, control and surveillance (MCS) included for combating IUU-fishing and its related fisheries crime activities with community resilience and ad

The main objective is to scale up of our Marine Conservation and Biodiversity effort, help protect coastal communities from the impact of Climate Change, improve environmental waste management practices in coastal areas, and strengthen the monitoring, control and surveillance of the marine activities and combating and eliminating of the Illegal fishing, unregulated, and unreported and fisheries crime related activities in the EEZ and high sea in order to sustain of the Marine sustainable development. Implementation methodologies: - Up scale of Marine conservation and protection and biodiv...[more]

Partners
Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries & Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Tourism, and other relevant ministries
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Parliamentarian Assembly for Implementation of SDGs

The Parliamentarian Assembly for Implementation of Sustainable Development Goals (Parliaments Assembly) is a voluntary commitment of representatives of national and regional parliamentarians who, with the support of other actors, will work together to promote and support on national and international level the efforts to implement in national legislation the necessary provision for achieving sustainable development goals.

Partners
Romanian Parliament, Parliament of Republic of Moldova, National Parliaments, UNESCO Committee of Romanian Parliament, European Council on International Relations, European Parliamentarians Committee for Tourism and Trade, NGO`s, civic organizations
Sustainable Development Goals
Phnom Penh Urban Poor Development Fund

In 1998, the Squatter and Urban Poor Federation together with other non-governmental organizations and the Phnom Penh municipality established the Urban Poor Development Fund to provide shelter loans to a specific community to support their relocation from a forthcoming inner-city development project. Since then, the Fund has diversified in response to other community needs. The Fund has supported the development of a new City Development Strategy, the basic principle of which was the vital need for a vision of the city's development that was shared between various stakeholders. Source: Shang...[more]

Partners
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
The National Green Growth Roadmap - Cambodia

Cambodia was the first LDC in the region to develop a National Green Growth Roadmap in 2010. Source: The National Green Growth Roadmap is produced by Cambodia for furthering development to benefit the people and conserve and restore the natural capital base to continue economic growth within the limits posed by the environmental carrying capacity. The Roadmap proposes possible paths for short, medium, and longterm implementation of green growth in Cambodia. In doing so it suggests win-win-win situations between economy, environment and society to show that economic growth, environmental s...[more]

Partners
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Statements
18 Jul 2017
7 Jun 2017
22 Jun 2012
13 May 2010
13 May 2010
12 May 2010
6 May 2010
6 May 2010
4 May 2010
4 May 2010
4 May 2009
10 May 2007
4 Sep 2002
United Nations