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Montenegro
Voluntary National Review 2016
Voluntary National Reviews at the HLPF 2016

MONTENEGRO is located in South-Eastern Europe with 623.000 inhabitants which live on 13.912 km2. Following the results of a referendum held on 21 May 2006 Montenegro regained independence and became the 192nd member of the United Nations. Diversity of geological base, landscape, climate and soil, as well as the very position of Montenegro on the Balkan peninsula and Adriatic sea, created conditions for formation of biological diversity with very high values, that puts Montenegro among biological "hot-spots" of European and world’s biodiversity. The economy of Montenegro is mostly service-based (64% of GDP and 80% of employment) and is in late transition to a market economy. Estimated GDP for 2015 is 3.595 mil € with real growth rate of 3.2%. GDP/pc is 5.784 €. Measuring GDP/pc in PPS, Montenegro is 41% of the EU average in 2014. Montenegrin strategic foreign policy priorities are EU and NATO membership (negotiation talk with the EU started on June 2012 and NATO Accession Protocol will to be signed on 19 May 2016).

Montenegro is in the group of 22 UN members that volunteer to conduct national review of its planning process to enable implementation of the 2030 Agenda at the HLPF 2016.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The Government of Montenegro adopted the first National Strategy for Sustainable Development (NSSD) in April 2007, together with a corresponding Action Plan for the period of 2007-2012. Since then, the Government adopted five annual progress reports on the NSSD implementation. It was a step towards making an effort to materialize and make concrete the constitutional commitment of Montenegro to be an ecological state. In the period of its drafting, it relied on the guidelines and goals set in national strategic documents of that time, as well as on the Mediterranean Strategy of Sustainable Development (MSSD) and obligations arising from Agenda 21, Johannesburg Plan for Implementation, Millennium Declaration and relevant conclusions and recommendations of the UN Commission for Sustainable Development (CSD). Since its adoption, the Action Plan of NSSD with a number of goals, measures and related indicators was revised in the evaluation process. It was done in accordance with findings of the annual progress reports on NSSD`s implementation and progress that was achieved in implementation of other relevant programmes and strategic documents in the meantime. The progress reports were subject of consideration by the National Council for Sustainable Development with the aim to provide recommendations based on which Government of Montenegro continued to guide the implementation phase of NSSD. The results of NSSD implementation were reported to UN CSD with the aim to inform not only on the progress but also to adjust a national process to relevant recommendations of CSD.

Being aware of the complexity of the challenges the UN 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development put in front of national authorities, the most valuable example of good practice which Montenegro may share is the experience that was gained in creating methodological concept and establishing related process for preparation of new NSSD until 2030 which put transposition of SDGs and indicators for sustainable development in the centre of such created national response.

The Fourth Progress Report on implementation of 2007 NSSD which was published in parallel with the finalization of participation of Montenegro in the Rio +20 conference, and the Fifth Progress Report on implementation of 2007 NSSD which was published in 2013, guided planning process of reviewing NSSD. The monitoring and evaluation results indicated that the respectable progress has been achieved – environmental pillar score 47%, social development score 65% and economic development pillar score 49%, respectively in average about 53 % of 236 planned measures from the 2007 NSSD Action plan was realised by 2013. Bearing that implementation score in mind and since time-frame for implementation of the Action Plan of 2007 NSSD has expired in 2012 and since many changes have taken place in Montenegrin society in the meantime, particularly in terms of reforms related to the process of accession of Montenegro to EU, and also given that new global sustainable development road map has been created by adopting document The Future We Want at Rio+20, there was decision to launch revision of the NSSD in July 2013, year after Rio+20 Conference.

The baseline assessment, as the starting point, focused on the trends that represent a framework for preparation of the revised NSSD. That document was subject of public consultations with a broad spectrum of relevant stakeholders. On the basis of the given comments and analytical work of the expert team, a broader basis - the Platform for Development of the NSSD 2015-2020 was prepared. It provided the analysis of the existing conditions, as well as directions for completion of the NSSD revision. In parallel, supported by the UNDP Office in Montenegro, in 2015 the team of consultants prepared National Human Development Report 2014 - Towards a resource efficient economy, Fulfilling Montenegro’s promise as an ecological state. Both documents were presented to the expert and interested public. Taking into account opinions and suggestions given during the participatory process, the expert team and the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism embarked on amending the Platform and developing methodological approach for communicating the results of the expert team to the public. Also, additional expert analyses which were not originally planned were conducted and the initially anticipated time-frame set for revision of the NSSD MNE was redefined. However the most relevant reason for modification of original plan for NSSD revision were the results of the Open Working Group on SDGs and related intergovernmental negotiation process under UN auspices on the sustainable development after 2015 and financing for sustainable development. That was followed with the decision of the National Council for Sustainable Development and Climate Change to change original task of revising NSSD 2007 to the task of developing new NSSD after 2015, and after adoption of UN 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development until 2030 in September 2015 to the new NSSD until 2030. It resulted in a complete change of structure and content of new NSSD as well as the composition of expert team as to respond to requirements of UN 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development until 2030. Instead of making completion of new NSSD in 2014 the adoption of new strategy was postponed for June 2016.

Additional expert analyses such as: a) Montenegro ecological footprint analyse, b) National Human Development Report 2014 and related introduction of Domestic Material Consumption and Resource Productivity; c) Transposing the recommendations of preferable Scenario 4 of UNDP NHDR 2014 Report respectively Domestic Material Consumption and Resource Productivity to sectoral policies for the purpose of NSSD development; d) Development of spatial development indicators following UNEP methodology that was tested in six coastal municipalities while developing the National strategy on integrated coastal zone management; e) National Human Development Report 2016 – Informal work, from challenges to solutions; f) Analysis of national institutional and legislative framework for sustainable development; etc. provided specific guidelines for resolving the problems of non-sustainable trends of national development which were identified through baseline assessment and related analysis of problems and causes and DPSIR analysis and for responding to the challenges UN 2030 Agenda on sustainable development introduced into national policy for sustainable development. Such prepared analyses resulted also with development of a set of synthetic indicators of sustainable development which were introduced due to the need to perform complete and comprehensive monitoring of the sustainability of national development. In addition, inputs for new strategy were based on the critical assessment of all relevant national strategic development documents such as actual sectoral strategies (energy, industry, transport, agriculture, etc.), National programme for integration to the EU, Montenegro’s Development Directions 2015-2018, Programme of economic reforms, Agenda for competitiveness 2020, etc. against results of NSSD 2007 implementation and requirements of the UN 2030 Agenda for sustainable development.

Montenegrin Government adopted the Draft of NSSD until 2030 on its session held on 28 December 2015. After three-month public consultations on the Draft of NSSD until 2030, it is expected that Government of Montenegro will adopt the NSSD until 2030 by June 2016. Guided by national needs that were identified against the analyse of the lacks of national development and needs in responding to the challenges that have been introduced by 2030 UN Agenda on Sustainable Development, the central place in new NSSD is given to determination of the strategic goals and measures as to define answers on how to achieve sustainable management of four groups of national resources - human capital, social capital and values, natural capital and economic capital, as well as on how to achieve good governance and sustainable financing for sustainable development of Montenegro in period until 2030.

Hence the most complex element of this methodological approach was related to transposition of the requirements of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, with its 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) and 169 targets, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda with recommendations for financing sustainable development into NSSD`s strategic goals and measures. Statistically, 70% of SDGs related to human capital is recognised through NSSD measures and sub-measures, 82% of SDGs related to social capital, 79% of SDGs related to natural capital, 82% of SDGs related to economic resources, 74% of SDGs related to financing for sustainable development and 39% of SDGs related to management for sustainable development. In average about 78% of SDGs is recognised and taken over from UN 17 SDGs and 169 indicators to new NSSD until 2030.

Another valuable example of good practice which Montenegro may share is experience on transposition of recently proposed list of 241 indicators for global monitoring of sustainable development which was identified by IAEG-SDG into NSSD until 2030 as the main tool for planning future monitoring and evaluation of NSSD`s implementation. The assessment of the needs related to transposition of the list of 241 indicators into NSSD until 2030 confirms that Montenegro currently monitors only 28 indicators (12%), for the 33 indicators there are alternatives according to content and they are monitored in Montenegro (33%), while 37 indicators can begin to trace from 2018 (15%). In total, 98 indicators can be monitored in Montenegro by 2018 (41% of the total number of indicators, including alternatives). For the remaining 143 indicators from the UN list of indicators of sustainable development, the introduction in Montenegro is not planned (59% of indicators) at the moment, and for them NSSD will define plan for introduction into national system in the course of NSSD until 2030 implementation. In addition, there are 31 indicators that are monitored by various international organizations and include Montenegro, whose monitoring and analysis can be a function of monitoring the progress of the overall implementation of the NSDS in Montenegro (13% compared to the number SDGs indicators). If these additional indicators are added to total number of indicators to be monitored in Montenegro since 2018 (98+31), there are 129 indicators that may be monitored both nationally and internationally (54%).

Having in mind all above mentioned, this voluntary Montenegrin national review presents the process of drafting new NSSD until 2030 in period from 2013 until now and related final phase of public consultations that were launched in 2016 while approaching to the Proposal of NSSD until 2030 for formal adoption by the Montenegrin Government. Hence it also provides information on lessons learned while recognizing national needs and identifying challenges related to transposition of the UN 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development into national policy especially those related to the issues as follows:

  • Enabling inter-sectoral consultations and public hearing on nationalization of the SDGs through the process of drafting new National Sustainable Development Strategy of Montenegro until 2030;
  • Enabling inter-sectoral consultations on establishing national system for regular monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of NSSD until 2030 which presents also the monitoring of implementation of the SDGs and related indicators;
  • Enabling inter-sectoral consultations on transformation and strengthening of present governance system for sustainable development.

Since Montenegro is a pioneer in creation of the national self-standing process that links national implementation with implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development, for us it is especially important that Agenda of HLPF`s forthcoming session gives the opportunity to other countries to share experience on their respective national processes, in particular on their experience on enhancement of the national governance for sustainable development, plans to provide sustainable financing of sustainable development policy and to create the statistical systems to support regular evaluation and monitoring of 2030 Agenda by applying SDGs and indicators for sustainable development. Equally important is to present UN integrated platform to support that national endeavour in period until 2030.

This voluntary Montenegrin national review also presents the areas where Montenegro as a matter of priority would need support in terms of finance, capacity building, technology, partnerships especially with regard the issues as follows:

  • How to increase efficiency and effectiveness on national implementation of 2030 Agenda through enhancing the governance system for sustainable development and evaluation and reporting on implementation of NSSD until 2030? How to strengthen the capacities of the Statistical office of Montenegro (MONSTAT) and other producers of statistical data as to effectively monitor the indicators for sustainable development?
  • How to mobilize external sources for financing sustainable development of Montenegro and to increase share of the allocations related to sustainable development in total national budgeting /GDP? How to enforce national partnerships and to diversify public and private sources of financing of relevance for sustainable development?
  • How to enforce regulatory impact assessment of national processes with regard to implementation of NSSD until 2030? How to enforce implementation of the NSSD measures and related projects on the preservation of natural capital and greening of Montenegrin economy?
Focal point
Ms. Jelena Knezevic
Head of Division for Sustainable Development and
Integrated Management of Sea and Coastal Zone
Ministry for Sustainable Development and Tourism

Mr. Pavle Radulovic
Ministry for Sustainable Development and Tourism

IV proleterske brigade 19
81 000 Podgorica
Tel: +382 446 388
Fax: +382 446 215
Email: kor@mrt.gov.me
http://www.kor.gov.me/kancelarija
Documents & Reports

Partnerships & Commitments
The below is a listing of all partnership initiatives and voluntary commitments where Montenegro is listed as a partner or lead entity in the Partnerships for SDGs online platform
Amend relevant national regulations for the application of ecosystem approach (EcAp), defined in the National Strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management of Montenegro, prepared by the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism in cooperation wit

Analyses of the state of marine environment indicate there is eutrophication and excessive pollution on certain locations, such as the Boka Kotorska Bay, marine area near Ulcinj, and partly near Budva and Bar. To remediate the existing and eliminate causes of further pollution, it is important to define objectives and undertake appropriate activities for achieving good environmental status of the sea. For this reason harmonisation of regulations and consequent harmonisation of monitoring programmes on the state of the marine environment with requirements relevant for application of EcAp as con...[more]

Partners
1) Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism (lead partner, Government) 2) Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (Government) 3) Ministry of Transport and Maritime Affairs (Government) 4) Ministry of Economy (Government) 5) local self-governments 6) technical and scientific institutions
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Control of marine litter inflow via rivers Bojana and Sutorina into the sea, defined in the National Action Plan of Montenegro (NAP) for the implementation of the LBS Protocol and its Regional Plans in the Framework of the SAP-MED with the aim to achieve

The Bojana River is an interstate watercourse, which basin covers the total surface area of about 19,000 km2, from the territories of Montenegro, Serbia, i.e., Kosovo, Macedonia, Greece and Albania. The share of waters from Montenegro in the total balance of the Bojana is estimated at around 35%. The mean flow of the Bojana is around 680m3/sec, making it the second biggest tributary of the Adriatic Sea. Due to high water level changes, flooding of the surrounding areas both on the Montenegrin and Albanian side and thus, of marine litter input into the sea, are very frequent occurrences (extrem...[more]

Partners
1) Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism, Department for Sustainable Development and ICZM (lead entity, Government) 2) Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and Water Administration 3) Environment Protection Agency (implementing body, Government) 4) Public Enterprise for Coastal Zone Management - PECZM (implementing body) 5) Ecotoxicological Examination Centre LLC (implementi...[more]
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Development of maritime spatial plan, defined in the National Strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management of Montenegro, prepared by the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism in cooperation with UN Environment/MAP

International requirements (primarily those defined by the EU Directive establishing a framework for maritime spatial planning 2014/89/EU) and ever more pronounced conflicts in marine areas uses point to the need to manage pressures on marine ecosystem. Maritime spatial planning enables sustainable use of maritime resources while protecting valuable parts of the sea. In developing maritime spatial plan in order to optimise marine area uses, application of EcAp is proposed to determine the state and pressures on marine environment. This creates preconditions to achieve good environmental status...[more]

Partners
Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Development of the project documentation and remediation of 37 illegal non-equipped solid waste disposal sites in coastal area, defined in the National Action Plan of Montenegro (NAP) for the implementation of the LBS Protocol and its Regional Plans in th

There is a waste dump or a municipal waste landfill in every municipality. Waste is not selectively disposed according to categories, but mixed together (municipal, industrial and medical waste) and dumped mostly on unregulated landfills. The waste in landfills is often burned, which poses a serious risk to the environment because burning or combustion generates methane due to the anaerobic decomposition process of organic matter in waste. Landfills are a source of many different types of pollutants that are transmitted into the land and further into the water and air. Solid waste, which mos...[more]

Partners
1) Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism (lead entity, Government) 2) Project Implementation Unit Procon DOO 3) Municipalities Kotor, Tivat, Budva, Herceg Novi, Bar and Ulcinj (end users, Governement)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Eco-Tax

In 2008 Montenegro introduced eco-taxes that bind legal and physical entities to pay yearly allowance for using road motor vehicles and their trailers. Source: Ministry of Tourism and Environment, Government of Montenegro Eco-tax has been introduced based on the obligations arising from the implementation of multilateral agreements in the field of environmental protection, reforms in the context of the European Union accession process, as well as on the grounds of recommendations made by the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), with the ultimate goal to allocate the gathered funds for th...[more]

Partners
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Establish marine nature protected areas on at least 3 locations, defined in the National Strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management of Montenegro, prepared by the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism in cooperation with UN Environment/MAP

The existing management system of nature protected areas is characterised by a lack of marine protected natural assets. Given the diversity of marine habitats and types on one hand, and increasing pressures to which they are exposed on the other, it is necessary to establish a network of marine protected areas with the aim to preserve, and where found necessary regenerate values of marine biodiversity. Until 2020, the initiated procedures for establishing marine nature protected areas should be finalised on at least three locations (e.g. Katič, Platamuni, Ratac) recognised for protection ...[more]

Partners
1) Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism 2) Environmental Protection Agency 3) Public Enterprise for Public Maritime Domain Management 4) local self-governments in the coastal zone
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
IHO Hydrography Capacity Building Programme for Coastal States

The IHO capacity building programme seeks to assess and advise on how countries can best meet their international obligations and serve their own best interests by providing appropriate hydrographic and nautical charting services. Such services directly support safety of navigation, safety of life at sea, efficient sea transportation and the wider use of the seas and oceans in a sustainable way, including the protection of the marine environment, coastal zone management, fishing, marine resource exploration and exploitation, maritime boundary delimitation, maritime defence and security, and o...[more]

Partners
International Hydrographic Organization (IGO); 87 IHO Member States (Governments); International Maritime Organization (UN); World Meteorological Organization (UN); International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities (NGO)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Implement pilot project on landscape planning in the narrow coastal zone, defined in the National Strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management of Montenegro, prepared by the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism in cooperation with UN Environ

Mapping of landscapes as an expert baseline for developing planning documentation has for the first time been comprehensively, and in accordance with requirements of the Landscape Convention, performed in the process of preparing the Landscape Study in the framework of the Special Purpose Spatial Plan of the Coastal Zone MNE development. Nevertheless, integration of landscapes into spatial planning is yet to take hold as a systemic approach i.e. it has not become a part of standard procedures of spatial plans preparation yet. As a consequence, this could lead to conflicts between cultural land...[more]

Partners
1) Ministry of Sustainable Development 2) Administration for the Protection of Cultural Heritage 3) local self-governments on whose territories the project area is located
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Implement pilot project on the application of ecosystem approach in the Boka Kotorska Bay, defined in the National Strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management of Montenegro, prepared by the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism in cooperatio

The necessity to introduce and apply the Ecological Approach into the regular programme of monitoring of the state of the marine ecosystem derives from the decisions of the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention in 2012. This approach is compatible with the requirements of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD, 2008/56/EC) which transposition into the national legislation and implementation is mandatory in the pre-accession process to the EU, with the aim to achieve good environmental status of marine environment. In order to enable a compatible application of the two approach...[more]

Partners
1) Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism 2) Environmental Protection Agency in cooperation 3) Institute for Marine Biology 4) other relevant technical and scientific institutions
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Improvement of the sewage system and construction of waste water treatment in Municipality of Ulcinj and remediation the Port Milena channel and it`s connection to the Bojana river, defined in the National Action Plan of Montenegro (NAP) for the implemen

Ulcinj municipality the most south-eastern municipality on the Montenegrin Adriatic coast. Ulcinj has a warm climate and the highest number of sunny days among the coastal municipalities. The municipality has 30 km of Adriatic coastline and the Bojana River goes through the municipality and flows into the sea. Ulcinj wastewater network (48 km) covers 75% of the urban population. The network is obsolete and four pumping stations are very old and in bad condition. There is no WWTP and untreated water is discharged into the Port Milena channel and hence, into the Adriatic Sea. The main sub-marine...[more]

Partners
1) Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism (lead entity, Government) 2) Ulcinj Municipality (end user, Government) 4) Vodacom doo (project implementation unit, Agency for implementation of the KfW loans and grants established by the Government and Municipalities of Bar, Tivat, Herceg Novi, Budva and Kotor) and IFIs will be actively involved in project implementation
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Improvement of the sewage network and waste water treatment in Municipality of Bar, defined in the National Action Plan of Montenegro (NAP) for the implementation of the LBS Protocol and its Regional Plans in the Framework of the SAP-MED with the aim to

Bar is a coastal town with the biggest permanent population of 44,500 inhabitants. Majority of the inhabitants live in the urban conglomeration including Bar, Suanj and Stari Bar, with an increase of the population during the summer season of around 75,500 people in the municipality. The Port of Bar and its industrial area are both important contributors to wastewater flows. The present sewerage system of Bar is the most extensive system of all coastal towns, in terms of its total length. Sewerage networks are constructed in the town of Bar, Stari Bar, Suanj, Sutomore and Čanj, although ...[more]

Partners
1) Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism (lead entity, Government) 2) Bar Municipality (end user, Government) 3) Vodacom doo (project implementation unit, Agency for implementation of the KfW loans and grants established by the Government and Municipalities of Bar, Tivat, Herceg Novi, Budva and Kotor) and IFIs will be actively involved in project implementation
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Improvement of the sewage network and waste water treatment in Municipality of Herceg Novi, defined in the National Action Plan of Montenegro (NAP) for the implementation of the LBS Protocol and its Regional Plans in the Framework of the SAP-MED with the

The urban area of Herceg Novi municipality stretches out over a thin nearly continuous strip along the northern shore of the Boka Kotorska. Out of the total permanent municipal population of 32,000, about 26,000 live inside the urban area, whereas the remainder is spread out thinly over small villages on the mountain slopes and the Lutica peninsula. Tourism is important in Herceg Novi, adding some 39,000 people to its population in the peak holiday season. Industry is of relatively low importance, with a small industrial (or rather storage) zone in Zelenika and the shipyard in Bijela. The t...[more]

Partners
1) Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism (lead entity, Government) 2) Herceg Novi Municipality (end user, Government) 3) Vodacom doo (project implementation unit, Agency for implementation of the KfW loans and grants established by the Government and Municipalities of Bar, Tivat, Herceg Novi, Budva and Kotor) and IFIs will be actively involved in project implementation
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Improvement of the sewerage network and waste water treatment in Municipality of Kotor and Municipality of Tivat, defined in the National Action Plan of Montenegro (NAP) for the implementation of the LBS Protocol and its Regional Plans in the Framework o

Urban area of Kotor municipality is situated in patches around the most inland part of the Bay of Kotor. Tourism is of relatively low importance compared to the other municipalities on the coast, with a peak tourist number of about 10,900, adding some 50% to the population. Kotor municipality has an industrial zone, situated in Grbalj. Industries used to contribute considerably to the local economy, but activities have practically ceased. The present sewerage network of Kotor is connected to the regional transmission main which transports sewage to the Trate sea outfall. The original design ...[more]

Partners
1) Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism (lead entity, Government) 2) Kotor Municipality (end user, Government) 3) Tivat Municipality (end user, Government) 4) Vodacom doo (project implementation unit Tivat, Agency for implementation of the KfW loans and grants established by the Government and Municipalities of Bar, Tivat, Herceg Novi, Budva and Kotor) and IFIs will be actively invol...[more]
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Introduction of the Integrated Monitoring and Assessment Programme (IMAP) on marine ecosystem of the coastal area of Montenegro in accordance with Barcelona Convention requirements, defined in the National Action Plan of Montenegro (NAP) for the implement

The National Strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management of Montenegro (ICZM) defines the measures for building the national administrative, professional and scientific capacity of the institutions dealing with research and monitoring which are of importance for a multidisciplinary assessment of the state and monitoring of the Montenegrin marine ecosystem. In order to improve the national programme of monitoring of the marine ecosystem and align it with relevant EU and UN requirements, it is necessary to foreseen EcAp introduction into marine environment's assessment and monitoring with th...[more]

Partners
1) Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism, Department for Sustainable Development and ICZM (lead entity, Government) 2) Environment Protection Agency (implementing body, Government) 3) Ecotoxicological Examination Centre LLC (implementing body, company owned by the Government and scientific-research institution) 4) Institute of Marine Biology (implementing body, public administrative b...[more]
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
National Strategy of Sustainable Development Action Plan

In 2007 Montenegro adopted its National Strategy of Sustainable Development for the period of 2007-2012. Source: In 2007 Montenegro adopted its National Strategy of Sustainable Development for the period of 2007-2012 which is based on the principles and recommendations of Agenda 21 and Declaration and Implementation Plan from Johannesburg. The process of drafting NSSD Montenegro used positive experiences from the global, European and the processes in the Mediterranean region and is based on the existing national strategic documents and available information. The general goals are the followi...[more]

Partners
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Prepare a programme for remediation of pollution in the coastal zone at priority locations, defined in the National Strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management of Montenegro, prepared by the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism in cooperati

The existing level of development of environmental infrastructure (wastewater treatment, waste disposal, etc.) is insufficient to provide for development and the needs of preserving the sea, water, land and air. Remediation and reclamation of priority locations with pollution problems should enable their safe arrangement. Analysis carried out within CAMP project resulted, among others, with a pollution model which was used to identify polluted sites and determine spatial extent and intensity of impacts. Based on these data and wider documentation developed under the so far implemented program...[more]

Partners
1) Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism 2) Ministry of Transport and Maritime Affairs 3) Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development 4) and local self-governments in the coastal zone
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Prepare guidelines for planning rehabilitation and renewal of inadequately urbanised areas and conduct professional development programmes, defined in the National Strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management of Montenegro, prepared by the Ministry of

The quality of developed space is a basis for quality of life and an indicator of construction and general culture of a community. It is moreover important for regions, such as the coastal zone of Montenegro, which have potentials and ambitions for high quality tourism development. Analyses and field assessments show that a high share of developed areas are of unsatisfactory quality. A high share of illegal construction contributes to the problem. For this reason it is important to systemically strengthen capacities of spatial planners, local administrations and civil sector representatives f...[more]

Partners
1) Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism 2) Chamber of Engineers of Montenegro 3) local self-governments on whose territory the pilot project is located
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Regional Development Strategy

At the strategic level, the Regional Development Strategy of Montenegro which was adopted in 2008, founds the reduction of regional differences within the country and increased employment on the basis of the concept of low-carbon development in all main branches of economy and envisages introduction of measures for encouraging private investments into green business and sectors. Source: Government of the Republic of Montenegro Regional development strategy defines the objectives and instruments for the construction of the overall development potential, contribute to reducing inequalities in r...[more]

Partners
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Remediation of the polluted sediments in Shipyard Bijela, defined in the National Action Plan (NAP) of Montenegro for the implementation of the LBS Protocol and its Regional Plans in the Framework of the SAP-MED with the aim to achieve Good Environmental

Bijela Shipyard is a highly ranked hot spot type B according to the UNEP/MAP 2015 National Action Plan's ranking methodology. As such, it is also recognized as the first priority NAP measure for the implementation of the LBS Protocol and its Regional Plans in the framework of the SAP-MED with the aim to achieve Good Environmental Status for pollution-related EcAp Ecological Objectives). Therefore, the polluted sediments remediation project in Bijela Shipyard is very significant not only for elimination of pollution from this location but for stopping the spread of negative impacts on the surro...[more]

Partners
Environmental Protection Agency (executing entity, Government); The remediation project has to be implemented in close collaboration with the company Bijela Shipyard whose 61.58% ownership structure is held by the Government while the remaining share belongs to minor stakeholders.
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Strengthen capacities for adaptation to climate change impacts and implement pilot project for adaptation to climate change impacts, defined in the National Strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management of Montenegro (NS ICZM), prepared by the Ministry

According to the climate change vulnerability model produced during the Coastal Area Management Programme CAMP Montenegro, droughts, forest fires and stormy winds have the biggest impact in the areas of Herceg Novi and Budva municipalities and southern part of the coast. Heavy rains have the biggest impact in the parts of Kotor municipality and in Budvas hinterland. From the aspect of vulnerability to sea level rise, the following areas are found to be vulnerable: confluence of the river Sutorina, Kostanjica Risan stretch, north-western part of Vrmac, Tivat Salinas, Jaz beach and a part of Mr...[more]

Partners
1) Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism (lead Partner) 2) Institute of Hydrometeorology and Seismology of Montenegro 3) local self-governments in the coastal zone
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Strengthen capacities for green nautical tourism (green boating) and implement pilot project of the green nautical tourism concept (green boating), defined in the National Strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management of Montenegro, prepared by the Mini

As Montenegro is becoming a favourite destination for nautical tourism which is characterised by a fast growth, optimal standards to decrease negative impacts on the environment have not been developed. This refers to the construction planning stage (in the sense of applying optimal approaches to plan accepting capacity of the marine waters zone in relation to the number of berths), as well as to definition of technical standards when environmental impact assessment is prepared as part of technical documentation development, and the execution of works. A lack of berths functionally linked to ...[more]

Partners
1) Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism (lead partner, Government) 2) Ministry of Transport and Maritime Affairs 3) Port Administration 4) Harbour Master Offices 5) Public Enterprise for Public Maritime Domain Management 6) Management of the selected marina
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals