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Voluntary National Review 2018

Romania developed the current Voluntary National Review with the occasion of celebrating 100 years from the Great Union, providing information about the implementation process of Agenda 2030 and its Sustainable Development Goals (emphasizing the goals under review this year). The Review presents the progress accomplished so far and the aims for 2030, resulted from the analysis of SDGs indicators from multiple sectors and from here on will represent a reference line for further development of Romania, in the spirit of 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

The current Programme of Government stated from its vision the principle “Leave no one behind”, addressing all policies and priority actions in an integrated approach. The first National Sustainable Development Strategy of Romania (NSDS) was elaborated in 1999, reviewed in 2008 (one year after the EU accession) and now we are in the process of reviewing the Strategy in order to localize the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 SDGs. The process of localizing the SDGs started in 2016, feeding both - VNR and the reviewing of the NSDS.

The institutional architecture for sustainable development in Romania comprises the Inter-ministerial Committee with responsibilities of coordinating the sustainable development policy lead by the Viceprime-Minister, Minister of Environment (with members who are vice-ministers from all Governmental institutions), the Sub-Committee for Sustainable Development of the Parliament of Romania and the Department for Sustainable Development under the Prime-Minister Office.

Romania’s biodiversity can be described as unique and generous, going through all the levels of the ecological systems, and thus, being the main reason why we should have a regional partnership to stop in tracks the biodiversity decline, tackling species extinction and ecosystems degradation due to anthropic impact. The Programme on Environmental Protection through Biodiversity Conservation (part of the Programme of Government 2018-2020) addresses the fundamental role of habitat played in biodiversity conservation, with the main habitat targeted being represented by forest ecosystems.

Romania’s low dependency on imported energy resources, combined with structural changes in the economy, leads to the downsizing and relative decline of energy-intensive industries, helping the country to avoid major disruptions during Europe’s recurring energy crisis. Romania has a geographical location which favors wind, solar and water energy, as as well as mineral resources with a significant untapped potential caused by savings of applied sustainable development and circular economy. The energy sector has an essential contribution to Romania’s development with strong influence on economic growth, wellbeing and the environment. To meet consumer expectations in the long run, the Romanian energy sector must become cleaner, more economically robust and technologically advanced.

We acknowledge the potential of a leap in an adequate ecological-economical interface with our natural capital represented by energy consumption. Once this potential is going to be used, it is going to drive an unforeseen economical increase and environmental anthropic impact reduction, unleashing a sustainable technology and economy growth that would enable us to export energy and good practice for a regional green partnership. One such example of lowering our energy consumption for sustainable purposes is represented by the Green House Programme that aims to minimizing the use of energy necessary for household heating, by the means of thermal insulation and solar panels. In the past 15 years we managed to achieve a 24% (and slightly above) renewable energy share in energy production, target that has been settled for the year 2020, mainly with the help of solar panels and wind power, auxiliary with usage of cogeneration.

Romania has a long tradition as a sustainable and resilient society, being one of the oldest sustainable rural civilizations in Europe, rich in natural resources and human knowledge on how to live in harmony with nature. The revolutionary work “The Entropy Law and the Economic Process” published in 1971 by Nicolae Georgescu-Roegen represents a milestone on developing the sustainable development concept. For Romania, as well as for all countries, sustainable development is not one of several possible options, but the only rational prospect for advancement as a nation.

Focal point
Ms. Luminita Ghita
Director, Directorate for Green Economy, Climate Change and Sustainable Development
Ministry of Environment
Bd. Libertatii no. 12, 040129
Bucharest, Romania
Tel. +40214089608, Fax. +40.021.312.42.27
National Coordinator of the Technical Secretariat of the Inter-ministerial Committee for the Integration of the Environment Protection within the Policies and Sectorial Strategies at the National Level

Ms. Cristina Popescu
Diplomatic Counsellor, II Committee and ECOSOC Delegate
Permanent Mission of Romania to the UN

Partnerships & Commitments
The below is a listing of all partnership initiatives and voluntary commitments where Romania is listed as a partner or lead entity in the Partnerships for SDGs online platform
Good environmental status in the Black Sea marine region by 2020

Romania is committed to prepare a national plan to enhance the institutional capacities and cooperation with sectors for improving governance in order to achieve the good environmental status in the Black Sea marine region by 2020. The national plan to enhance the institutional capacities and cooperation with sectors for improving governance has as main objective the protection and preservation of the marine ecosystem to achieve the good environmental status in the Black Sea marine region, but also to identify the obligations and the role of stakeholders in the implementation of EU Marine Str...[more]

Ministry of Transport (Government) Ministry of Agricultural and Rural Development (Government) Ministry of Economy (Government) Ministry of Internal Affairs (Government) National Agency for Fishery and Aquaculture (Government) National Institute of Marine Research and Development Grigore Antipa (Scientific communities) National Administration Romanian Waters (Government) GEOECOMAR (Scientif...[more]
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
IHO Hydrography Capacity Building Programme for Coastal States

The IHO capacity building programme seeks to assess and advise on how countries can best meet their international obligations and serve their own best interests by providing appropriate hydrographic and nautical charting services. Such services directly support safety of navigation, safety of life at sea, efficient sea transportation and the wider use of the seas and oceans in a sustainable way, including the protection of the marine environment, coastal zone management, fishing, marine resource exploration and exploitation, maritime boundary delimitation, maritime defence and security, and o...[more]

International Hydrographic Organization (IGO); 87 IHO Member States (Governments); International Maritime Organization (UN); World Meteorological Organization (UN); International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities (NGO)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Parliamentarian Assembly for Implementation of SDGs

The Parliamentarian Assembly for Implementation of Sustainable Development Goals (Parliaments Assembly) is a voluntary commitment of representatives of national and regional parliamentarians who, with the support of other actors, will work together to promote and support on national and international level the efforts to implement in national legislation the necessary provision for achieving sustainable development goals.

Romanian Parliament, Parliament of Republic of Moldova, National Parliaments, UNESCO Committee of Romanian Parliament, European Council on International Relations, European Parliamentarians Committee for Tourism and Trade, NGO`s, civic organizations
Sustainable Development Goals
United Nations