Description/achievement of initiative
GCRMN works through a global network to strengthen the provision of best available scientific information on and communication of the status and trends of coral reef ecosystems, for their conservation and management.
GCRMN is the world’s premier coral reef data network, bringing together a range of government and non-government partners in tracking status and trends of the world's coral reefs. GCRMN covers biophysical variables as well as socioeconomic variables, through the 'SocMon' initiative. The main activity of GCRMN is the preparation of regional and global periodic assessments on the status and trends of coral reefs. This is enabled through development of core variables/indicators, recommended best practice in terms of methodology, and a range of evolving data products and services.
GCRMN data and reporting supports tracking of climate change and ocean acidification impacts on coral reefs, as well as progress made towards internationally adopted targets, including SDG 14 and Aichi target 10. Actionable recommendations are provided for coral reef policy and management at national, regional and global levels. Existing mechanisms are utilised to encourage use of findings, including ICRI and its members as well as Regional Seas Conventions and Action Plans, which also provide pathways to achieve broad adoption and use of best practice in coral reef monitoring. GCRMN data and reporting also has broad application in awareness raising and outreach.
GCRMN is an Operational Network of ICRI, led at the global level by the ICRI Secretariat and UN Environment (as per resolution on GCRMN adopted at ICRI General Meeting 3 and UNEA resolution 2/12). A working group, convened by ICRI Secretariat and UN Environment, functions as a Steering Group as well as a Technical Working Group of GCRMN. At the regional level GCRMN regional committees catalyse monitoring and reporting and lead the preparation of regional reports.
Arrangements for Capacity-Building and Technology Transfer
Coordination mechanisms/governance structure
France, United States Department of State, Australia, International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI), UN Environment, IOC of UNESCO, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), IUCN, CORDIO East Africa, CRIOBE, CEP/SPAW-RAC, SPREP, Regional Seas Conventions and Action Plans; national agencies, academic and research institutes and civil society organisations around the world