Description/achievement of initiative
The multi-stakeholder Social Protection Systems and Floors Partnerships for SDG 1.3 aims to create alliances for the accomplishment of SDG target 1.3 to implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors. It is an orchestrated effort, based on each partners comparative advantage, to support countries in extending social protection systems including floors providing at least, at a nationally defined minimum level, access to essential health care and basic social protection for all, based on the ILO Social Protection Floors Recommendation, 2012 (no. 202) and grounded in international human rights instruments.
The implementation strategy reflects several important features of:
- the Social Protection Floor Initiative Manual and strategic framework for joint UN country operations (http://www.social-protection.org/gimi/gess/RessourceDownload.action?ressource.ressourceId=14484 )
- the ILO Social Protection Floors Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202) (see http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO::P12100_INSTRUMENT_ID:3065524).
First, country responses are demand-driven led by a national social protection task force comprising all key domestic and external stakeholders. Second, the framework is non-prescriptive and tailored to specific country circumstances. The ultimate responsibility for the implementation of national social protection floors rests with national governments and parliaments. Policy and reform options and their financial implications are presented for discussion with the government authorities. Third, the implementation strategy will rely on a participatory approach and support national dialogue. The Initiative provides an explicit framework for the coordination of the activities of all actors, helping to deepen the coherence of their different approaches and policy advice in various areas and across different sectors.
The specific steps to follow are: (1) Creation of national joint Social Protection Floors teams; (2) Supporting national dialogues; (3) Conducting joint assessments; (4) Integrating social protection systems including floors into national development plans, and designing/improving social protection schemes; (5) Building national statistical capacities. These steps have been reiterated in the joint letter of the UNDG Chair, Helen Clark, and ILO Director General, Guy Ryder, to all UN Resident Co-ordinators and UN Country Teams, see: http://www.social-protection.org/gimi/gess/RessourcePDF.action?ressource.ressourceId=44138 .
In addition, regional toolkits and issues brief developed by the ILO and other partners, under the auspices of UNDG, further aim to guide implementation modalities, see for example:
- Coordinating the design and implementation of nationally defined social protection floors. UNDG Asia Pacific. 2016. Available at: http://www.social-protection.org/gimi/gess/RessourcePDF.action?ressource.ressourceId=54045
- the Civil Society Guide to national Social Protection Floors http://www.socialprotectionfloorscoalition.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/CivilSocietyGuide_web.pdf .etc
Furthermore, the ILO Global Flagship Programme on Building Social Protection Floors for all serves as an engagement platform for the Initiative and provides a coherent structure through which to mobilize and channel resources for social protection for the achievement of SDG target 1.3. See http://flagship.social-protection.org
Arrangements for Capacity-Building and Technology Transfer
INTERNATIONAL TRAINING CENTRE in TURIN: The annual Social Security Academy jointly with the International Training Centre in Turin: a diversified training package on the governance and financing, reform and extension of social protection systems, Training on social protection issues jointly with the International Training Centre in Turin. The Initiative, i.e. staff members of a number of different agencies, jointly with the ILOs International Training Centre (ITC) in Turin conducted national, sub-regional and inter-regional training for officials from governments or national social security institutions on the design and implementation of SPF policies and benefit schemes. Executive Training Courses were carried out in 2011, including modules on the SPF, reaching more than 350 tripartite representatives in Barbados, Costa Rica, Haiti, Morocco, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Senegal, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique and Tanzania.
UN STAFF COLLEGE: ILO and UNSSC collaboration in April 2016 with an introductory course for UN staff members on social protection delivered in Berlin. Collaboration on-going with the UNSSC center in Bonn Un staff college on the development of a course on social protection for sustainable development in the 2030 Development Agenda.
PARTNERSHIPS WITH UNIVERSITIES: with the Social Security School in Algiers, with the Naresuan University (Thailand) , with the University of Maastricht (Netherlands), with the University of Mauritius.
TRAINING PACKAGES: TRANSFORM which is an innovative training package on the administration of national social protection programmes in Africa.
Expertise France (previously GIP SPSI) provided grants to fund the mobilization of French experts in supporting countries activities to implement SPF.
Coordination mechanisms/governance structure
The Initiative operates through a multi-layered coordination approach. At the global and regional levels to Integrate social protection systems including floors into all UN and international development frameworks, to develop and disseminate good practices and tools; and at the country level to provide joint high-quality technical advisory services mainly through UN country teams and national business or NGO networks.
ONE-UN SOCIAL PROTECTION FLOOR INITIATIVE; A Secretariat has been set up at the global level to support the operationalization of the initiative, led by the ILO. At the regional level the ILO is working through the regional UN Development Groups and at the country level UN Country teams including task forces on social protection co-led by the ILO and other partners depending on the country context. Regular global, regional and national level meetings support the governance of the initiative. Various manuals and toolkits developed by the ILO in collaboration with other partners (see below). See http://un.social-protection.org/ ;
NGO GLOBAL COALITION FOR THE SOCIAL PROTECTION FLOORS; the Coalition is led by Members of the Core Team and terms of references guide the coalitions activities. See http://www.socialprotectionfloorscoalition.org/about/;
SOCIAL PROTECTION FOR FREEDOM AND JUSTICE FOR WORKERS INITIATIVE; A Steering Committee under the ILO Global Flagship Programme on Building Social Protection Floors for All (http://flagship.social-protection.org) has been set up and terms of references guide the governance of the Initiative. See http://www.social-protection.org/gimi/gess/ShowProject.action?id=3048;
GLOBAL BUSINESS NETWORK FOR SOCIAL PROTECTION FLOORS. Is governed through annual meetings. Terms of references and the workplan further define ambitions and activities. http://www.social-protection.org/gimi/gess/ShowProject.action?id=3030.
Impact and progress is measured through (1) the ILO Social Security Inquiry (SSI) the main source of global social protection data, used by policymakers, officials of international organizations and researchers which identifies statistical information on social protection, including employment-related social protection schemes, public health, welfare and anti-poverty programmes and non-public schemes of different types transferring goods, services or cash to poor and vulnerable households (see http://www.ilo.org/dyn/ilossi/ssimain.home?p_lang=en) and (2) the World Social Protection Report which is a comprehensive source of information on social protection systems, policy trends and social protection statistics. See http://ilo.org/global/research/global-reports/world-social-security-report/2014/lang--en/index.htm.
ONE-UN SOCIAL PROTECTION FLOOR INITIATIVE - ILO, UNDP, UNICEF, UNHCR, WHO, FAO, WFP, UNDESA, UNWOMEN, UNFPA, UNESCO, UNOHCHR, regional commissions, World Bank, IMF, development partners (IrishAid, EC, France/AfD, Luxembourg, Portugal, Belgium, Sweden/SIDA, UK/DFID, German cooperation, OECD, Finland...); NGOs (HelpAge, Oxfam, Save the Children);
NGO GLOBAL COALITION FOR SOCIAL PROTECTION FLOORS: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, International Council on Social Welfare, International-Disability Alliance, NGO Forum for Health...;
SOCIAL PROTECTION, FREEDOM AND JUSTICE FOR WORKERS INITIATIVE - workers organizations International Trade Union Confederation, Public Services International.;
GLOBAL BUSINESS NETWORK FOR SOCIAL PROTECTION FLOORS - more than 40 multinational enterprises including lOral, Sanofi.