#SDGAction2023
Locally Managed Marine Areas
Description/achievement of initiative

Since 2000, Local communities in Fiji are reclaiming their marine-based livelihoods by implementing Locally Managed Marine Areas (LMMAs), to bolster local incomes and traditions by replenishing local waters and restoring populations of agricultural crops and marine resources.
Source: World Resources Institute (2011) A Compilation of Green Economy Policies, Programs, and Initiatives from Around the World. The Green Economy in Practice: Interactive Workshop 1, February 11th, 2011


Local communities in Fiji are reclaiming their marine-based livelihoods by implementing Locally Managed Marine Areas (LMMAs). LMMAs are a combination of traditional local conservation practices blended with modern methods of monitoring, and energized by the full participation of members of the community, who design and implement the marine management plans. The goal is to bolster local incomes and traditions by replenishing local waters and restoring populations of agricultural crops and marine resources such as clams and octopus. Villagers began receiving training in community planning and environmental education from the University of the South Pacific in the 1990s. The LMMA Network was launched in August 2000 as a learning network after a series of workshops to provide guidance on community-based management of marine areas. Promoting models of adaptive governance and knowledge-sharing networks, the network now has members in Indonesia, Palau, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Micronesia, and the Solomon Islands.


Implementation methodologies

Arrangements for Capacity-Building and Technology Transfer

Coordination mechanisms/governance structure

Partner(s)

Progress reports
Goal 8

Basic information
Time-frame: - 2000
Partners
Countries
Contact information
United Nations