In 2009 the Spanish Strategy for Sustainable Mobility was adopted, setting up the guidelines and measures regarding land use planning, transport and infrastructures, climate change and reduction of energy dependence, air quality and noise, security and health and demand management, giving special attention to fostering alternatives to private vehicles and the use of more efficient and sustainable ways of transport.
Source: UNCSD Secretariat (2010) Questionnaire for the Member States on Experiences, Success Factors, Risks and Challenges with Regard to Objective and Themes of UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD)
The draft law proposes the creation of the Bureau of Sustainable Mobility as an advisory body, which would cooperate with and provide advise to all staff involved in mobility. Its main functions will be coordinating the actions of the various public administrations, to evaluate the implemented actions and report on regulatory proposals affecting mobility. It also encourages the development of sustainable mobility plans, conditioning the receipt of state subsidies for transport on the implementation of plans consistent with the Spanish Strategy for Sustainable Mobility. The law also promotes the development of transportation plans for businesses to encourage use of public transport and promoting sustainable mobility of workers. Clean road transport will be promoted by applying specific rules for the purchase of clean and energy efficient by the government. It also supports the development of electric vehicles and the needed re-powering infrastructure. The tracks of the core network for rail freight will be adapted in order to enable the movement of freight trains at least 750 meters in length and increase road and rail connections to ports of general interest. Existing legislation regulating collective interurban transportation of passengers (buses) will also be amended in order to facilitate new entrants to the sector.