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Mangrove conservation
Description/achievement of initiative

Surabaya Municipality initiated a mangrove planting program to stop environmental degradation in the eastern coast area. Through a multi-stakeholder approach, a Mangrove Conservation Area has been created that is accessible to the public for education, research and development, and eco-tourism.
Source: The ICLEI Case Study series

Being Indonesia's second largest city, Surabaya faces many urbanization challenges typical to large and growing cities around the world, such as land-use conversion, pollution management, and deforestation. Ongoing development activities in Surabaya have led to the gradual decline of open green space and a reduction of the ecosystem quality in its coastal areas. This partnership approach to mangrove conservation illustrates how the conservation concept can be applied to Pamurbaya (Pantai Timur Surabaya or The Eastern Coast of Surabaya). It acts as a learning model for the local education curriculum to further educate school children about the importance of biodiversity and ecosystem services. The general public can benefit from the recreational area and appreciate the nature with its aesthetic values. The Partnership Based Mangrove Conservation Area is about multi-party efforts to conserve mangrove ecosystem in the Eastern coast of Surabaya. It included the Surabaya city government, the private sector, the communities in four villages in the area, NGOs, and local universities.

Implementation methodologies

Arrangements for Capacity-Building and Technology Transfer

Coordination mechanisms/governance structure


Progress reports
Goal 8

Basic information
Time-frame: - 2004
Contact information
United Nations