Description/achievement of initiative
The University has been involved in multiple projects.In the project "Etude et développement d’un instrument de réflectométrie GNSS aéroporté par drone, pour la surveillance des zones inondables" the University has proposed to develop an instrument for the monitoring of flood areas through the reflectometry of GNSS signals. The project "Mise en place de panneaux solaires sur un bâtiment du Centre Universitaire de la Citadelle à Dunkerque" aims at equipping the Building n. 1 of the Centre with multiple micro-power generators for photovoltaic energies all placed on a single site. It has started in 2015 and will be over in 2017The project "Installation d’un système de pompage eau de mer pour le chauffage du Centre Universitaire Capécure à Boulogne sur Mer" will ensure the heating of the Capecure Campus from a pumping station located on the seaside and from the use of sea water. The project will begin in 2018 and last for two years.The "Collectif d’Expertise Régionale pour le Climat et son Evolution (CERCLE)" is an initiative of the Regional Nord-Pas de Calais Council for expanding knowledge on the impacts of global warming on the environment (biodiversity, coastal environments, city, health) within the region and its neighbouring areas, on its effects in the long term and for developing an adaptation policy . Other projects the University has been involved into are the following:"Supervision énergétique et Projet de gestion intelligente de la consommation d'énergie dans les bâtiments""Déploiement de véhicules électriques pour les déplacements inter-site""Ecologie industrielle, circuits courts et développement de l’économie territoriale""PARTENER-UV : Participation pour une stratégie d’efficacité énergétique à l’université et à la ville""Dunes at risk""Evaluation par télédétection du rôle des lacs dans la balance climatique""Bilan d'Emissions Gaz à Effet de Serre (BEGES)"Furthermore, the University has organized multiple conferences and courses on climate change.The Laboratory of Physics- Chemistry of the Atmosphere of the University has been working since 2014 on the iniitiative "Variabilité multi-échelles de la météorologie et des aérosols en situation littorale sous influence industrielle en vue d'une étude d'impact du changement" . The objective of the initiative is the analysis of weather variability and its impact on pollution in urbanized and industrial regions.
The approach developed for the first project was based on the observation of the surfaces reflecting the signals emitted by GPS radio navigation satellites. These signals are usually received by a bi-static radar system helping deduce some properties of the reflection surface, such as its height and humidity. These two parameters are essential for the study and monitoring of flood areas because they can monitor the rising of water and assess the water status (ability to absorb or to run off rainwater) observed surfaces . The challenge faced in this proposed project is the study and construction of a light simple instrument which can be carried by a drone. For this reason, the proposed instrument will be based on the principle of "Interference Pattern Technique" to measure the parameters observed.As far as the second project is concerned,each installation will be made from solar panels obtained from different technologies. These facilities will initially be autonomous from each other and connected to a particular building or parts of a different building. This structure should enable in a second moment their integration into a smart distribution electricity network, the "smart grid". For the third project, the energy generated from the water pumping will indeed be enhanced by two heat pumps and then transferred to the heating system of the building. In this framework, the University requested the GIS Campus of the Sea to conduct a study on the deployment of these renewable energies.The main objectives of the CIRCLE approach are: (1) identification of research needs, (2) development of scientific projects and (3) collaboration among researchers in charge of adaptation policies to climate change.The initiative started in 2013 and is still ongoing.
Arrangements for Capacity-Building and Technology Transfer
Coordination mechanisms/governance structure
Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale