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Brazil
Voluntary National Review 2017
Executive Summary

The aim of the present Voluntary National Review is to provide information on the Brazilian preparation process and the strategies for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda as of September 2015, when the Federal government committed in the United Nations General Assembly to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals and their targets.

Initially, information that depicts Brazilian reality is provided based on social, economic and environmental data. The Report then outlines the steps that the country has taken towards the development of strategies for the internalization and localization of the 2030 Agenda.

Chapter 4 presents a study on the convergence between the Federal government's planning instrument, public policy implementation and the SDGs targets. By analyzing the relation between the programmes, goals, targets and initiatives of the 2016-2019 Pluriannual Plan and the 169 targets of the Sustainable Development Goals it became possible to identify the current alignment between the 2030 Agenda and the Federal government's main planning instrument.

In light of the challenges posed by the new Agenda, the Report highlights the creation of the National Commission for the Sustainable Development Goals, the main institutional governance mechanism for fostering dialogue, engagement and integration of the initiatives carried out by subnational entities and civil society. The aim of the Commission is to internalize, disseminate and ensure the transparency of the 2030 Agenda implementation process.

The initiatives carried out by civil society, subnational governments, the Legislative branch and external control institutions are subsequently discussed. In order to draft Chapter 6, several actors were invited to share their experiences regarding the new Agenda. Their valuable contributions underscore the range and plurality of initiatives currently underway in support of the SDGs.

In order to establish a basis for the follow-up of the SDGs targets proposed by the 2030 Agenda, the relevant global role played by Brazil in the discussions regarding the formulation of global indicators is highlighted, in addition to the process of definition of national indicators.

In accordance with the central theme of the 2017 High-Level Political Forum , Eradicating poverty and promoting prosperity in a changing world , Chapter 8 discusses the results achieved by Brazil in recent years and the efforts of the current government regarding SDGs 1, 2, 3, 5, 9, 14 and 17.

In the social dimension, progress made towards eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, ensuring healthy lives, and promoting gender equality is presented in the Report. In the economic dimension, the Report underscores actions that promote greater fiscal discipline and the expansion of investments in infrastructure, which are among the main challenges faced by the Brazilian government. In the environmental realm, it is highlighted that the Brazilian energy mix continues to be one of the cleanest in the world. The diversification of the country's energy sources and the increase in the proportion of renewable sources, as well as an approach for greater efficiency in the sector, comprise an essential strategy from both the economic and environmental perspectives and directly addresses the Goals of the 2030 Agenda.

In addition to the short-term challenges that the country has been facing and overcoming, particularly in the economic dimension with the structural reforms introduced by the Government and currently under discussion and approval by the Legislative branch, there are many other challenges that need to be faced in the medium-term and long-term, such as guaranteeing, improving and expanding recent achievements and advancing towards new ones.

The next steps to be taken as outlined in this Report are aimed at better public administration, ranging from the production of statistics to the implementation of sectorial programmes, from governance practice to engaging networks of actors, as well as optimizing public spending.

This first Voluntary National Review outlines the main challenges we have before us, which will guide the planning and monitoring of Brazilian public policies over the coming years. This document is an initial assessment of the country and the challenges to be faced towards the eradication of poverty and the promotion of a more prosperous and sustainable Brazil.
Focal point
Ambassador Luiz Alberto Figueiredo Machado,
Director-General of the Department for the Environment and Special Affairs
Ministry of External Relations


Documents & Reports

Partnerships & Commitments
The below is a listing of all partnership initiatives and voluntary commitments where Brazil is listed as a partner or lead entity in the Partnerships for SDGs online platform
10YFP Sustainable Food Systems Programme

The 10YFP Sustainable Food Systems Programme (SFS Programme) is a global multi-stakeholder initiative to accelerate the shift towards more sustainable food systems, all along the food value chain, from farm to fork. Among its focus themes are the promotion of sustainable diets; the reduction of food losses and waste; and strengthening resilient and diverse food production systems. The SFS Programme promotes activities that fall under these topics, in the areas of awareness raising, capacity development as well as facilitating access to knowledge, information and tools. The SFS Programme is one...[more]

Partners
Co-Lead organizations: Switzerland, South Africa, WWF, Hivos Members of the Multi-stakeholder Advisory Committee: Argentina, Brazil, Costa Rica, France, Honduras, Netherlands, United States, Biovision Foundation, IISD, IFOAM - Organics International, Global Nature Fund, German Development Institute, Hebrew University, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, ENEA, CIHEAM, FAO, UNEP, UNSCN, Barilla, Foo...[more]
Sustainable Development Goals
Bolsa Floresta (The Forest Conservation Grant Fund)

The Bolsa Floresta rewards traditional communities for their commitment to stop deforestation by distributing payments for ecosystem services to families, communities, and family associations. Source: In order to be eligible to receive the grants, families must attend a two-day training programme on environmental awareness and make a zero deforestation commitment. In addition, they must enroll their children in school. They then receive a monthly payment of 50 reais (US$30). Community associations can also receive payments of up to 4000 reais (US$2500) to support legal income generation activ...[more]

Partners
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Development and implementation of additional marine actions under the National Strategy for the Conservation of Threatened Species

Brazil has 159 threatened species in marine landscapes: 98 fish species (19 are endemic), 20 birds, 8 mammals, 5 reptiles and 29 invertebrates (13 are endemic). The National Strategy will identify and propose improvements to the conservation instruments needed to avoid, mitigate and reduce the present and potential threats to these species, such as conservation action plans, guidelines for environmental licensing and monitoring programs. The objective is that by 2020 100% of the threatened species are under protection by at least one conservation instrument. Concerned with the need for a c...[more]

Partners
Brazilian Ministries of Defense; Science, Technology, Innovations and Communications; Industry, Trade and Services; Agriculture and other members of the Inter-ministerial Commission for Sea Resources - CIRM; Brazilian Navy (Government); World Bank (International Financial Institution), United Nations Development Programme (United Nations Entity), BirdLife International, SAVE Brazil, Conservation I...[more]
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Development and implementation of the Brazilian Blue Fund

The objective is to define a coastal-marine strategy and programme and establish a Brazilian Blue Fund dedicated to support the implementation of biodiversity conservation measures in Brazilian coastal and marine jurisdictional areas, contributing for, among others, the restoration of overfished and threatened species, the promotion of sustainable practices by artisanal fishermen and other local and traditional communities, the integration of climate change adaptation measures and the restoration of depleted fisheries stocks. Brazil is already taking steps towards a stronger and more compr...[more]

Partners
Brazilian Ministries of Defense; Science, Technology, Innovations and Communications; Industry, Trade and Services; Agriculture and other members of the Inter-ministerial Commission for Sea Resources - CIRM; Brazilian Navy (Government); World Bank (International Financial Institution), United Nations Development Programme (United Nations Entity), BirdLife International, SAVE Brazil, Conservation I...[more]
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Development of a national marine spatial planning process

In recent years, two national workshops were held to discuss alternative possible paths towards a Brazilian Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) agenda (UNESCO / IUCN, 2011; Ministr y of the Environment, 2014). Since then, this agenda gained gradual importance among actors in the public sphere and civil society. For this reason, the Inter-ministerial Commission for Marine Resources (CIRM), through its Secretariat (SECIRM), is establishing partnerships to start this intersectoral and intragovernmental dialogue so as to advance a coherent MSP agenda. Also noteworthy are the Coastal Ecological Economic ...[more]

Partners
Inter-ministerial Commission for Marine Resources CIRM (Government); Coastal Management Integration Group GI-GERCO (Government, Private sector, Civil society organization, Non-governmental organization, Scientific Community); Network of Postgraduate Programs in Marine Sciences PPGMar (Academic institutions, Scientific institutions); State-level coordinations for coastal management G17 (Govern...[more]
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Development of a national strategy to combat marine litter

Marine litter is one of the greatest threats to marine ecosystems and their environmental services. In addition to coordinated international actions aiming at addressing the problem of marine litter, Brazil has been setting in place policies for the reduction and prevention of solid waste from marine and terrestrial sources. The Plan of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (Upper Southwest Atlantic Region) established in 2001 will be updated. The problem of marine litter is strongly related to the lack of adequate living conditions of vulnerable social...[more]

Partners
Coastal Management Integration Group GI-GERCO (Government, Private sector, Civil society organization, Non-governmental organization, Scientific Community); Network of Postgraduate Programs in Marine Sciences PPGMar (Academic institutions, Scientific institutions); State-level coordinations for coastal management G17 (Government); UNEP (United Nations entity)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Development of effective area-based conservation measures in marine areas

The development of effective area-based conservation measures in Brazilian marine jurisdictional areas aims to promote sustainable development, improve knowledge and harmonize economic activities with nature conservation. It will support the implementation of sustainable development objectives and goals through nature conservation strategies including: connectivity between coastal and marine ecosystems; strengthening coastal conservation measures and extending these seawards; integrating and strengthening role of local/traditional communities in biodiversity conservation; promoting fisheries s...[more]

Partners
Brazilian Ministries of Defense; Science, Technology, Innovations and Communications; Industry, Trade and Services; Agriculture and other members of the Inter-ministerial Commission for Sea Resources - CIRM; Brazilian Navy (Government); World Bank (International Financial Institution), United Nations Development Programme (United Nations Entity), BirdLife International, SAVE Brazil, Conservation I...[more]
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Eco-oil Programme

Through a practical solution and via successful partnerships, the Eco-oil Programme is a replicable example of cooking oil waste management with impact. Source: The ICLEI Case Study series Municipalities such as Volta Redonda have demonstrated that creativity is fundamental in transforming problems into practical solutions, in a simple and nonexpensive way. The "magical formula" to reduce negative impacts caused by the improper disposal of cooking oil, and to reduce the pollutants that are released into the environment from the large number of diesel run vehicles in the city, can be found in t...[more]

Partners
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Fisheries Conservation in the Wider Caribbean Region through FAO's Western Central Atlantic Fisheries Commission (WECAFC)

The general objective of the Commission is to promote the effective conservation, management and development of the living marine resources of the area of competence of the Commission, in accordance with the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, and address common problems of fisheries management and development faced by members of the Commission. 16 of WECAFC's 35 members are considered small island developing States.

Partners
Member governments: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, France, European Community, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Japan, Korea (Rep. of), Mexico, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Panama, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Spain, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United Kingdom, United S...[more]
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Global Partnership for Sustainable Tourism

The Global Partnership for Sustainable Tourism is an organizational network of tourism stakeholders of the public and private sectors, non-profits, UN agencies and programmes, international organizations and academic institutions. Partner organizations share the common vision and understanding of the goal of "sustainable tourism" and collaborate internationally, regionally or nationally to transform tourism globally. The mission is to transform the way tourism is done worldwide by building partnerships to support the implementation of sustainable tourism practices at destinations through adop...[more]

Partners
United Nation Environment Programme (UNEP), Ministry of Tourism of the Republic of Croatia, the Government of France, Ministry of Tourism of the Kingdom of Morocco, Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Korea, the Travel Foundation, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)...[more]
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
IHO Hydrography Capacity Building Programme for Coastal States

The IHO capacity building programme seeks to assess and advise on how countries can best meet their international obligations and serve their own best interests by providing appropriate hydrographic and nautical charting services. Such services directly support safety of navigation, safety of life at sea, efficient sea transportation and the wider use of the seas and oceans in a sustainable way, including the protection of the marine environment, coastal zone management, fishing, marine resource exploration and exploitation, maritime boundary delimitation, maritime defence and security, and o...[more]

Partners
International Hydrographic Organization (IGO); 87 IHO Member States (Governments); International Maritime Organization (UN); World Meteorological Organization (UN); International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities (NGO)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Implementation of the National Program for the Conservation of the Brazilian Coastline

Brazil has one of the most extensive coastlines in the world, with more than 8,500 km. The Brazilian coast is home to around 26.6% of the countrys population. The use and occupation of coastal areas in an orderly manner represents one of the greatest challenges for environmental management. It is estimated that 40% of the Brazilian coast faces serious erosion problems, caused mainly by anthropic intervention in coastal processes through interferences in the sedimentary balance and urbanization of the border. This scenario, where a complex system of high environmental and economic value is subj...[more]

Partners
Coastal Management Integration Group GI-GERCO (Government, Private sector, Civil society organization, Non-governmental organization, Scientific Community); Network of Postgraduate Programs in Marine Sciences PPGMar (Academic institutions, Scientific institutions);
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
National Plan on Climate Change

In 2008 the President initiated Brazil's National Plan on Climate Change. Source: The Brazilian National Plan on Climate Change is an important milestone for the integration and harmonization of public policies, following the general guidelines of the National Policy sent to the National Congress in 2008. The Plan is based on the work of the Interministerial Committee on Climate Change and its Executive Group, established in 2007 to fulfill that purpose, in collaboration with other fora and institutions such as the Brazilian Forum on Climate Change, Interministerial Commission on Global Clim...[more]

Partners
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Promoting Urban Low Emission Development Strategies

The Urban-LEDS Project, funded by the European Comission, supports development and implementation of urban low emissions development strategies (LEDS) to address climate change in partnership between UN-Habitat and ICLEI. The objective of the Project is to enhance the transition to low emission urban development in four emerging economy countries, Brazil, Indonesia, India and South Africa. In each of those countries the project supports two Model Cities, receiving intensive assistance to develop LEDS, plus four to six 'Satellite Cities' that engaged to a lesser degree. A handful of European ci...[more]

Partners
United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability, European Comission, Government of Brazil, Government of South Africa, Partnering local and regional administrations,
Sustainable Development Goals
Sao Paulo Climate Change Policy (Sao Paulo City)

In 2009, the Sao Paulo city council approved a law specifying greenhouse gas reduction. The policy aims to reduce Sao Paulo's citywide greenhouse gas emissions by 30% of 2005 levels by 2012. Improvements of the air quality, reductions in greenhouse gas emissions are expected. Source: World Resources Institute (2011) A Compilation of Green Economy Policies, Programs, and Initiatives from Around the World. The Green Economy in Practice: Interactive Workshop 1, February 11th, 2011 In 2009, the Sao Paulo city council unanimously approved a law establishing the Municipal Policy for Climate Chang...[more]

Partners
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Solar energy legislation

The experience of Belo Horizonte Minas Gerais (MG) in drafting laws on the use of solar heaters and its participation in the Sustainable Construction Policies (PoliCS) project demonstrates the role of local governments in promoting renewable energies and sustainable policies. Source: The ICLEI Case Study series As a result of the great number of buildings in the city using solar collector technology to heat up water, Belo Horizonte has become a national reference point. The city is considered to be the national solar energy capital. The Energy Working Group (WG), under the PoliCS project, and...[more]

Partners
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Sustainable Urban Planning (Curitiba City)

After Master Plan for Curitiba was adopted in 1968, Brazilian Curitiba city has implemented several innovative systems to create jobs, improve public transportation accessibility, promote housing development, and improve waste management. Source: World Resources Institute (2011) A Compilation of Green Economy Policies, Programs, and Initiatives from Around the World. The Green Economy in Practice: Interactive Workshop 1, February 11th, 2011 Curitiba, located in Parana State, Brazil, has implemented several innovative systems to create jobs, improve public transportation accessibility, prom...[more]

Partners
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
The Bandeirantes Landfill Gas to Energy Project

So Paulo, like many cities around the world, was confronted with a solid waste management issue: the city landfill was releasing methane, a potent greenhouse gas, into the atmosphere. Source: The ICLEI Case Study series The "Bandeirantes Landfill Gas to Energy Project" (BLFGE) was developed by the City of So Paulo to collect and process biogas from the Bandeirantes Landfill to generate electricity at an on-site power plant. BLFGE was developed in response to a pressing environmental issue that posed a health risk to the local population and needlessly contributed to climate change. It is est...[more]

Partners
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
The Renewable Energy Reference Centre

The City of Betim established the first Renewable Energy Reference Centre (CRER) through the Local Renewable Network in Brazil. Source: The ICLEI Case Study series The main objective of the Renewable Energy Reference Centre (CRER) is to act as a node and driving force for the incorporation of renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) into Betim's municipal development plan. CRER seeks to dispense information and encourage RE and EE solutions to meet the challenge of climate change and energy savings. Since its inception, CRER has served as an important tool to raise local and regional a...[more]

Partners
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Statements
17 Jul 2017
21 Jun 2012
13 May 2010
11 May 2010
7 May 2010
6 May 2010
5 May 2010
4 May 2010
4 May 2010
10 May 2007
1 May 2007
1 May 2007
12 May 2006
21 Apr 2005
29 Apr 2004
21 Apr 2004